(collection of compendium)
[synonym] Jinchuang Xiaocao (materia medica), xueliqing, tui (compendium of Materia Medica), jianxueqing, jiangcai, zibeijinpan, poxuedan (plant name and actual picture), tuishuecao, sanxuecao (classified herbal medicine), fudijinggu (Jiangsu Plant List), baixiakucao (Suzhou native medicine), sanxuedan, baimaochuan, diphtheria, sijichuncao, dahuacao Yedaocao (Fujian folk herbal medicine),,,, (Guangxi Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine), sishichun (Minnan folk herbal medicine), dihuoxuecao (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), xuelihua, qingshiteng, Penghua, Yideng, yelulianhua, tianqingdihong, yexiahong, climbing grass (Hunan traditional Chinese medicine annals), baitiaogang, hejiaodu grass (Mindong materia medica).
[source] it is the whole plant of Ajuga angustifolia.
[plant morphology] Ajuga
Perennial herbs, 10-30 cm high. Stem square, base creeping, many branched, whole plant white pilose. Single leaf opposite, petiolate, ovate, oblong or obovate, 4-11 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, apex pointed, base cuneate, margin irregularly undulate coarse teeth, green above, purple below when young, pubescent on both sides. The flower ring has several flowers, axillary; at the top of the branch, there are many rings of spikes; bracts are leaflike ovate, below the flower ring; calyx is bell shaped, with 5 teeth, triangular teeth, white pubescence outside and around the teeth; corolla is white or lavender, lip shaped, pubescent outside, hairy ring inside, upper lip semicircular, very short, lower lip folded, 3-lobed; stamens are 4,2-strong, bearing corolla tube slightly Pistil 1, ovary 4-lobed, style filiform, stigma 2-lobed. Nutlets grayish yellow, reticulate rugose. The flowering period is from March to April. The fruit period is from May to June.
It grows on roadside, riverbank, foot of mountain and wasteland. It's distributed across the country several times.
[collection] from March to April or from September to October, the whole plant was taken, dried or fresh.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, organic acids, tannins, phenolic substances, steroidal compounds, reducing sugars, etc. Among the steroids, there are amaranthone, ecdysterone and a small amount of ajugasterone C, and ajugalactone, which is opposite to this hormone. The root contains gymnose.
Bitter and sweet, cold.
① "Materia medica collection": "it tastes sweet, flat and non-toxic. "
② "Gangmu Shiyi": "cold in nature, bitter in taste. "
③ New materia medica: "there is little poison. "
Re entering the lung meridian. "
Functions and indications: relieving cough and resolving phlegm, clearing heat, cooling blood, detumescence and detoxification. It is used to treat tracheitis, hematemesis, bleeding, dysentery, gonorrhea, sore throat, carbuncle, traumatic injury.
① According to Materia Medica, it is mainly used for hemostasis of golden sores, muscle growth, and breaking the bleeding in the nose. It is also used for breaking blood stasis and stroke blood. "
② In the compendium of compendium, it is said that "it can clear the liver fire. "
③ "Wood grass is new again": "clear fire and open Qi. "
④ Textual research on the names and facts of plants: "nourishing tendons, harmonizing blood, dispersing cold, decocting with wine.". "Pound the sore poison. "
⑤ Classification of herbal medicine: "anneal, disperse blood, detumescence and toxin. Injuries caused by falls, liquor making clothes. "
⑥ Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing heat, purging fire, detumescence and detoxification. Treatment of dysentery, diphtheria, laryngitis, tonsillitis, infantile eczema, sores, tooth carbuncle, toothache, mastitis, rabies bite. "
⑦ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "treat tuberculosis, cough. Hematemesis and blood gas pain. "
⑧ "Mindong Materia Medica": "it is used to treat stabbing injuries of palm or finger, sighing injuries of snake and insect. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan (2-3 Liang fresh); beat juice or grind powder. External use: tamping; or gargling with tamping juice.
[selection] 1. Treatment of dysentery: fresh Jin Gu Cao San Liang. Mash minced juice, mix honey and stew warm clothes. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of sore throat: white summer withered grass, open blisters, oral administration. (records of plant medicine in Jiangsu)
③ Treatment of critical lung carbuncle flaccidity disease: snow green mash juice service, such as tuyoumiao. (collection of compendium)
④ Treatment of lung flaccidity; xueliqing. Mash the juice, add honey and mix well. Take it twice, five or seven times a day. (collection of compendium)
⑤ Treatment of tuberculosis: Jinchuang Xiaocao whole grass two to three money. Dry in the sun and take it at the end, three times a day. (Hunan medical records)
Treat swelling and pain, disperse wind and fire, stagnation, cough blood: snow green root, pork slice slice layer by layer, Baijiu boiled to rotten food.
⑦ Treatment of acute pharyngeal closure: snow green tamping juice irrigation.
⑧ Treatment of single and double moths: mangliepeng, xueliqing root and leaf mash juice, rice roll, into the front juice, with a little swallow, spit out more.
⑨ Treatment of toothache: snow green mash juice, containing pain, and then take a little wine.
⑩ Zhizhi: xueliqing decoction. (7) the following is the compendium collection.)
(11) treatment of rabid dog bite: fresh white hair string of whole grass for five to eight yuan (dry for three to five yuan), and sweet potato wine for half a Jin to twelve Liang, simmer for one hour, warm clothes. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic tracheitis
Use fresh (whole grass) 2 liang or dry product 1 liang, decoct in water to 60-100 ml, add appropriate amount of sugar, take 2-3 times, 1 dose per day, 10 days as a course of treatment. 577 cases were treated, 30 cases were controlled in the near future, 103 cases were markedly effective, 339 cases were improved, and the effective rate was more than 80%. There was no serious adverse reaction during the course of taking medicine. Only a few patients had mild dizziness, stomach discomfort, nausea and poor appetite 1-2 days after taking medicine. The symptoms disappeared after symptomatic treatment, which did not affect the continued taking medicine. On the basis of the above curative effect, 900 patients were further treated with sugar coated tablets made from the crude extract of Prunella vulgaris. After seven courses of treatment in winter, the effective rate was 88%, the clinical control rate was 25%, and the effective rate was 50%. Some patients had sputum bacteriology and cytology examination before and after treatment, which proved that they had different degrees of inhibition of bacterial growth and control of inflammation, at the same time, there were signs of repairing the diseased tissue.
② Treatment of other respiratory tract inflammation
Prunella vulgaris was made into 200% injection, intramuscular injection, twice a day. 2 ml each time under 4 years old, 4 ml above 4 years old. 118 cases of children with upper respiratory tract infection, acute bronchitis, acute pneumonia, acute tonsillitis and acute pharyngitis were treated. The results showed that 53 cases were cured, 38 cases were improved, 27 cases were ineffective, and the total effective rate was 77.12%. The treatment of acute bronchitis by decocting fresh grass or hay. Pneumonia, lung abscess, tonsillitis and laryngitis are also effective.
③ Treatment of infection secondary to biliary tract diseases and appendiceal abscess
Take 30-35% Prunella vulgaris decoction, 50ml each time, twice a day for children. For secondary infection of biliary tract, acupuncture and moxibustion should be used to relieve spasm and pain. Some patients should use a small amount of antispasmodic agent and correct dehydration and acidosis. 37 cases were treated, 33 cases were cured, 4 cases were improved, the average hospitalization time was 6.2 days. For appendiceal abscess, in addition to taking decoction, add fresh grass to tamp the affected area, once a day. 13 cases were observed and treated for 6-7 days on average.
④ Treatment of ear infection
Use Prunella vulgaris injection intramuscularly, 2ml each time (including 2G crude drug), 1-2 times a day. A total of 32 cases of ear infection such as ear furuncle, simple otitis media and otitis externa were treated. 12 cases were cured, 19 cases were improved and 1 case was invalid.
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