Cold food festival
Cold food festival, a traditional Chinese festival, is held 105 days after the winter solstice and 12 days before Qingming Festival. At the beginning of the day, fireworks are forbidden and only cold food is eaten. In the development of later generations, customs such as sweeping, outing, swing, Cuju, pulling hook and cockfighting were gradually added. The cold food festival lasted for more than 2000 years, and was once known as the first memorial day in China. Cold food festival is the only traditional festival of the Han nationality named after the diet custom.
The origin of cold food festival, according to historical records: in the spring and Autumn period, Chong'er, the son of the state of Jin, lived in exile for 19 years in order to avoid disaster and chaos, and Jie Zitui, the minister, always followed around and never gave up, and even "cut shares to eat the king". Chong Er worked hard and became a famous King of Jin Dynasty. But jiezitui didn't ask for money and went back to Mianshan with his mother. In order to force him out of the mountain to meet him, Duke Wen of Jin ordered him to set fire to the mountain. Jiezitui resolutely refused to go out of the mountain and was eventually burned to death. Duke Wen of Jin was deeply moved by his loyal minister's ambition, buried him in Mianshan, built a temple, and ordered to ban fire and cold food on the day of Jie Zitui's death to express his sorrow. This is the origin of "cold food festival".
Before Tang ruowang's calendar reform in the early Qing Dynasty, Qingming Festival was set two days after Hanshi Festival; after Tang's reform, Hanshi festival was set one day before Qingming Festival. The modern 24 solar terms follow Tang's, so cold food festival is just one day before Qingming Festival.
Since the spring and Autumn period, the cold food festival has a history of more than 2600 years. The story takes place in Shanxi, China. The cold food festival is set as the day before the Qingming Festival. On this day, the customs of eating cold food, offering sacrifices and outings have been handed down and accepted by the whole country. With the passage of time, the cold food festival quietly integrated into the Qingming Festival. The people's praise of loyalty, honesty and political purity represented by cold food is the same for thousands of years.
Release Time:2021-01-02 15:57:03
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