Sun Yefang (1908-1983), formerly known as Xue calyx fruit, pseudonyms song Liang, sun Baoshan, ye Feimu, Mianzhi, etc., was born in wuxiyuqi Town, a model Communist, a famous economist, and a proletarian revolutionist of the older generation. Sun Yefang economic science award was established and evaluated in 1985. It is awarded every two years. It is the highest award in China's economic circle so far.
Life of the characters
Sun Yefang (1908-1983)
The original name is Xue calyx fruit, also known as song Liang, Yizhou, Baoshan, Mianzhi, etc.
Yuqi Town, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province. economist.
In 1921, he entered high school.
In 1923, he joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League in Wuxi Sishi school,
At the end of 1924, he became a member of the Communist Party of China, served as the first Secretary of Wuxi Party branch, and also joined the Chinese Kuomintang.
In 1925, he was engaged in student movement and worker movement. In November of the same year, he was sent by the party organization to study at Sun Yat sen University in Moscow, the Soviet Union.
After graduating in the summer of 1927, he worked as a political economy lecture translator in the University and Moscow Oriental Communist University.
In 1928, he returned to Moscow Sun Yat sen University as a translator.
After returning to China in September 1930, he served as chairman of the Shanghai rickshaw pullers strike committee, and soon changed to Chairman of the Preparatory Committee of the rickshaw pullers General Union. At the end of the same year, he was transferred to the chairman of the Preparatory Committee of Hudong District workers' Federation. He engaged in the workers' movement and left-wing cultural movement in Shanghai, actively participated in organizing the China Rural Economic Research Association, published many papers on China's rural economy under the pseudonym of Sun Yefang, and fought against the "left" mistakes of the Trotskyists and Wang Ming on the theoretical front.
After the September 18th Incident, he worked as a writer for China Tribune, edited by Smedley.
In 1933, he and Chen Hansheng initiated the establishment of China Rural Economy Research Association.
In 1935, Xinzhi bookstore and China economic reference room were set up, and the monthly magazine "rural China" was published. He also served as the monthly magazine and the correspondent of English "China Forum".
After the outbreak of the Anti Japanese War, he was transferred to the Secretary of the Cultural Work Committee of Jiangsu provincial Party committee in September 1937. Later, he was engaged in the leadership of Marxist theoretical education and economic departments for a long time.
In June 1941, he went to the northern Jiangsu base and served as the chief of propaganda and Education Department of central China Bureau. Later, he transferred to the Central Party School of China and served as the head of the education department. During his work in Central China Party School in 1941, he advocated strengthening the connection between theory and practice and strengthening the education of Marxist theory for cadres.
Later, he also served as director of the Propaganda Department of the CPC Huainan Jinpu road west prefectural committee and deputy director of the General Administration of goods in Jiangsu and Anhui. When working in Shandong, he was the Secretary General of East China finance office.
He went to Shanghai with the army in 1949. Director of Industry Department of Shanghai military Regulatory Commission.
After the founding of new China, he was Vice Minister of industry of East China military and political Commission, President of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (now Shanghai University of Finance and Economics), deputy director of National Bureau of statistics, and director of Institute of economics of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
After 1977, he served as consultant and honorary director of the Institute of Economic Research of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, consultant of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, consultant of the economic research center of the State Council, honorary director of the Institute of Economic Research of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, etc.
In September 1982, he attended the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China with illness and was elected a member of the Advisory Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
On December 16 of the same year, in order to commend and learn from Sun Yefang, the Party committee of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences passed a decision to award him the title of model Communist Party member.
On February 22, 1983, Sun Yefang died in Beijing at the age of 75. His ashes were scattered in his hometown Taihu Lake.
The road of revolution
Sun Yefang experienced all kinds of hardships in his life. He risked his life to work underground in his youth and was once arrested and jailed. He was "verbally attacked" in the Anti Japanese War to save the country and suffered a lot of resentment. In his old age, he suffered a "merciless" blow. His glorious life is deeply valued by the Party Branch Central Committee, appreciated by the academic circles and loved by the masses! The following are two stories about Sun Yefang's revolutionary journey.
Anti Japanese and national salvation
On July 7, 1937, when the Japanese attacked Lugouqiao, the Chinese army and people rose up to resist, opening the prelude of the national anti Japanese war. This month, Sun Yefang published three articles on "how to" maintain national industry "," capitalist industry in China "and" China's current national problems "in magazines such as" China's rural areas ", which focused on the Anti Japanese center to analyze human, material and financial resources and arouse the public's interest.
On August 13, 1937, the Japanese attacked Shanghai, met with the resistance of the Chinese garrison, and began an organized and comprehensive war of resistance. Soon after, the CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee appointed Sun Yefang (the name of the party is song Liang) to be in charge of the work of the newly established provincial cultural work committee, and to be the Secretary of the Cultural Work Committee. Xia Yan, Tian Han, Cao DiQiu, Yu Ling and Gu Zhun also took part in the work of the Commission.
The activity center of the culture and Culture Commission is in the Shanghai concession surrounded by Japanese troops. Najin is called "isolated island", and the cultural activities of the culture and Culture Commission are called "isolated island" cultural activities. The publishing houses of the party's direct leading cadres include fushe, Beishe and Xinzhi bookstore. The public publications include Yibao, Shanghai weekly, Qiuzhi series, etc. The Secret publications include Shilun series, mainland news, etc. In terms of literature and art, Yu Ling, a member of the Cultural Affairs Commission, organized 13 national salvation drama teams, which mobilized almost all the main forces of Shanghai's drama circles, including famous actors yuan Muzhi, Jinshan and Wang Ying, famous musicians Xian Xinghai, famous dramatists Hong Shen and Zhou Xinfang. The momentum is unprecedented. Sun Yefang later said in the party history materials he provided: "at that time, mass groups such as professional circles, student circles and women's circles all carried out amateur activities to perform Anti Japanese and national salvation dramas. Amateur drama troupes first performed in Xinguang Grand Theater and Xuangong theater, and then performed in Lvbao theater under the new world shopping mall. This is unprecedented in the history of Shanghai drama. When Zhou Enlai knew about it, he praised it and said, "the work of zhouxiao theater is very good!"
Then, in September and October, Sun Yefang successively published articles such as where to grasp the final victory, the revision of the "outline of rural work in extraordinary times", the peasant movement in wartime, and the lessons of the October Revolution, etc., to encourage people to resist Japan and save the nation.
Join the New Fourth Army
In August 1940, Sun Yefang and his wife Hong Keping made a detour to Hong Kong, Guilin, Guiyang, etc., and arrived in Chongqing at the beginning of the next year.
One night at the beginning of February 1941, Sun Yefang met Zhou Enlai in Moscow in 1928 at the Chongqing Eighth Route Army Office. Zhou Enlai told Sun Yefang straight to the point that there was no plane to Yan'an, and introduced Sun Yefang to work in the New Fourth Army. "Many good comrades were sacrificed in the South Anhui Incident. Now Hu Fu (Liu Shaoqi) is revitalizing the New Fourth Army. There is a great need for backbones like you there," he said Sun Yefang and his wife listened to Zhou Enlai's arrangement, and then went to Shanghai via Hong Kong. They were met by the traffic officers of the New Fourth Army and arrived at the headquarters of the New Fourth Army in Yancheng, Northern Jiangsu Province on July 1, 1941.
On the same day, Sun Yefang was warmly received by Liu Shaoqi, political commissar of the New Fourth Army, then Secretary of the central China military Bureau. Liu Shaoqi said to Sun Yefang, "party schools are very important. Most of them are cadres at or above the county league level If you are not sure about some difficult theoretical problems, you can always ask the central China Affairs Bureau for instructions. " Sun Yefang was successively appointed as the chief of publicity and education section of central China Bureau, the chief of Party education section of central China Bureau and a Marxist Leninist science and education member.
On July 13, 1941, when Sun Yefang wrote the chapter "method and theory" in the course of compiling the teaching book of the principles of Marxism Leninism, he encountered a problem that he did not feel sure about. He wrote a letter to Liu Shaoqi asking for instructions on how to deal with the empiricism of some comrades and the tendency to despise theoretical learning. Liu Shaoqi affirmed Sun Yefang's views and discussed the reform The important significance of life theory to guide the revolution is "reply to the annals of song Liang and Zhou Dynasty".
In the spring of 1942, the Party School of central China Bureau set up the headmaster's Committee. Sun Yefang was a member of the school's Committee and still worked as a part-time education section chief. In the middle of March, before Liu Shaoqi left the New Fourth Army, he vindicated Sun Yefang's punishment of "last serious warning".
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, he once served as president of Shanghai University of Finance and economics, deputy director of the National Bureau of statistics, director of the Institute of Economic Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, consultant and honorary director of the Institute of Economic Research of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, consultant of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and consultant of the economic research center of the State Council. He is a member of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference, a member of the appraisal group of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, and a member of the Advisory Committee of the CPC Central Committee.
Theory of works
On the construction of national economy and state capitalism, on the "legal rights of the Bourgeoisie", on the reform of China's economic management system, on socialist economy, some theoretical problems of socialist economy, some theoretical problems of socialism, selected works of Sun Yefang, and some theoretical problems of the nature of Chinese society.
Sun Yefang not only has profound attainments in economic theory, but also has courage, insight and originality. Many economists once believed that in socialist society, the law of value will lose its function with the elimination of capitalist commodity economy, but Sun Yefang believed that the law of value will not only work in the socialist period, but also in communism, as long as there is socialized mass production, as long as production is still carried out according to the two categories of means of production and means of consumption, the circulation of goods will continue It will happen, and the law of value will still work. These ideas, which were later proved to be correct by facts, became Sun Yefang's practice in the late 1950s
Chinese PinYin : Sun Ye Fang
Release Time:2022-01-26 22:24:58
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