Double Ninth Festival chong yang jie
The Double Ninth Festival refers to the ninth day of September in the lunar calendar every year. It is a traditional Chinese folk festival. In the Book of Changes, "Nine" is defined as the number of yang, and "Nine" is double, so it is called "Double Nine". Because the sun and the month meet nine, it is also called "Double Nine". Ninety-nine returns to its true state and the beginning of one yuan. The ancients thought that Ninety-nine Chongyang was an auspicious day. In ancient times, there were customs of climbing high to pray for blessings, visiting chrysanthemums in autumn, wearing dogwood, worshipping gods to ancestors, and feasting for longevity. Up to now, it has added the connotation of respecting the elderly, feasting on the day of Chongyang, and thanking and respecting the elderly. The two major themes of Chongyang Festival are to climb high to appreciate autumn and to be grateful and respectful to the elderly.
According to the existing historical data and textual research, the origin of Chongyang Festival can be traced back to the ancient times. In ancient times, there were activities of harvest sacrifice and Mars sacrifice in autumn and autumn. In the Spring and Autumn Period of Lu's, the ancients offered sacrifices to the Emperor of Heaven and ancestors during the harvest of crops in September to thank the Emperor of Heaven and his ancestors for their kindness. This is the original form of Chongyang Festival as a harvest festival in autumn. The Double Ninth Festival began in ancient times, formed in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, popularized in the Western Han Dynasty, and flourished after the Tang Dynasty. Tang Dynasty is an important period in which traditional festival customs are combined and finalized. Its main part has been inherited to this day. The folk custom of offering sacrifices to ancestors in Chongyang has lasted for thousands of years, which is an ancient folk custom with profound significance. Chongyang Festival and New Year's Eve, Qingming Festival, and July and a half are also known as the four traditional Chinese ancestor worship festivals.
Chongyang Festival is a mixture of various folk customs in the historical development and evolution, which bears rich cultural connotations. In the folklore concept, "nine" is the largest number in the number. It has the meaning of longevity, and it places people's blessings on the health and longevity of the elderly. In 1989, September 9 of the lunar calendar was designated as "Respect for the Elderly Day", advocating the whole society to establish a culture of respecting, respecting, loving and helping the elderly. On May 20, 2006, Chongyang Festival was listed in the first national intangible cultural heritage list by the State Council.
Origin of Festivals
The Zhongjiuyang Number in the Book of Changes
The name of "Chongyang" originated from the ancient book "The Book of Changes" in which "Yangxu is nine". In the Book of Changes, the "six" is defined as the negative number, the "nine" as the positive number, and the "extreme number", referring to the height of the sky as the "nine-fold". On the ninth day of September, the sun and the moon meet on the ninth day, which is called "double ninth", so it is called "double ninth", and at the same time it is the combination of two Yang numbers, so it is called "double yang". In Zhang Dai's "Night Ship" in the Ming Dynasty, "Nine is the number of suns, whose days and months coincide, so it is called"Chongyang".
"Nine" is Laoyang, which is the number of anodes. The number of two anodes is multiplied together. Nine-nine is the same. One yuan begins and everything is updated. Therefore, the ancients believed that Chongyang was an auspicious day to celebrate. In ancient times, there was a custom of feasting and praying for longevity. In the folklore concept, because "nine" is the largest number in the number, and "nine" and "long" homonym, it gives the meaning of "long-lasting, long-lived, healthy and long-lived".
The origin of Chongyang Festival can be traced back to ancient times. According to legend, Chongyang was the day when the Emperor of Yuan Dynasty got the Tao. The existing written records of the Chongyang Customary Activities are first found in the "Spring and Autumn Period of Lu Shi":"(September) the fate of the household, the collection of farming, to cite five essentials. The Tibetan Emperor's book was collected in Shencang, and you must respect it. It's the sun, Da Wei Emperor. Sacrifice and tell the Son of Heaven. It can be seen that there were activities of offering sacrifices to the Emperor of Heaven and ancestors at the autumn harvest of crops in September to thank the Emperor of Heaven and ancestors for their kindness. This is the primitive form of Chongyang Festival as a sacrificial activity in ancient times. In Xijing Zaji, Jia Peilan, the palace man who wrote about the Western Han Dynasty, said, "On September 9, wearing dogwood, eating canopy bait and drinking chrysanthemum wine make people live longer." Legend has it that since then, there has been the custom of seeking longevity on the Double Ninth Festival. It is said that this was influenced by the ancient wizards (later Taoists) pursuing longevity and collecting medicines. At the same time, there are large-scale banquets, which were developed from the banquets celebrating the harvest in the pre-Qin period. "Jingchu Anniversary Records" says: "On September 9, the four peoples had a picnic together." Longevity and banquet constitute the basic content of Chongyang Festival.
- Ancient rituals of sacrifice to the Great Mars
One of the prototypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ritual of sacrificing fire in ancient times. "Xia Xiaozheng" calls "fire in September" and "fire in September" retreat, which not only makes the ancients who used to mark the seasonal production and seasonal life of Mars lose the coordinates of time, but also makes the ancients who worshipped the fire as a God have inexplicable fear. The dormancy of the God of fire means the arrival of long winter. Therefore, in the "internal fire", the ancients who worshipped the fire as a god of the season lost the coordinates ” In season, as in the case of a fire-fighting ceremony when it appears, people should hold a corresponding farewell ceremony.
In the ancient era, the general trunk branches were calculated according to the order of twelve local branches. Jianyin was built in the first month. The ninth month was Yuyue, Yuyue was a firehouse and Yuyuehuo was put into storage. Located in the northwest of the reign, it is in the Qiangua of Luoshu. In autumn and autumn, the moon "fire" (Antarctica II) retreats to the ground with several stars in front of the Canglong Group in the north-west position. Nine, see the Dragon without head, Ji. —— Yi Qian
Han Liu Xin's Miscellaneous Records of Xijing said: "In March Shangsi, September Chongyang, maidservant games, this is the only way to climb the heights." The correspondence between Shangsi and Chongyang is based on the occurrence of "fire". This is also the folk expression of Chongyang Festival related rituals and beliefs. With the development of society, people have a new understanding of the season, and the ritual of offering sacrifices to Mars in September has gradually declined. Ancient sacrificial ceremonies can be found in the customs of Chongyang sacrificial stove (the God of fire at home) in some areas of the south of the Yangtze River.
The origin of the ancient traditional festivals is related to the ancient primitive beliefs, sacrificial culture, celestial phenomena, calendar and other humanities and natural cultural content, which contains profound cultural connotations of respect and moral, ritual and music civilization. Chongyang Festival has a long history. In ancient times, customs varied from north to south. In the pre-Qin period, customs had not yet been integrated and circulated, and customs of Chongyang Festival were rarely recorded in written records. The existing literary records of Chongyang Festival custom were first found in the Autumn and Autumn Period of Lushi Spring and Autumn Period, which recorded the activities of the ancients in offering sacrifices to Emperor Tiandi and ancestors in September. The name of "Double Ninth Festival" was recorded in the Three Kingdoms Period. By the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festival atmosphere became stronger and stronger, with the custom of rewarding chrysanthemums and drinking wine, which was chanted by literati and ink poets. By the Tang Dynasty, it was classified as a festival recognized by the state. In the process of historical continuation, Chongyang Festival is a mixture of various folk customs. With the development of the times, the cultural connotation of Chongyang Festival continues to expand and enrich.
According to documents, in the Warring States Period, Chongyang has been paid attention to, but only in the palace activities. The custom of seeking longevity on Chongyang Festival in ancient times is recorded in Xijing Zaji of Han Dynasty.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Cao Pi, Emperor Wendi of the Wei Dynasty, described the Chongyang Festival in his book Nine Days and Zhongxushu at that time as follows: "From year to month, it suddenly returns to September 9th. Nine is the number of suns, and the sun and the moon should be the same, popular praise its name, think it is suitable for a long time, so to enjoy a banquet.
In the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festival atmosphere became more and more intense, which was chanted by literati and poets. Tao Yuanming, a scholar of the Jin Dynasty, said in the preface to his poem "Nine Days of Living idly", that "Yu Living idly, he loves the name of Nine. The autumn chrysanthemum Yingyuan Garden, while holding the steaming, empty clothes Jiuhua, with words in mind. Chrysanthemum and wine are also mentioned here. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, there was a custom of appreciating chrysanthemum and drinking alcohol.
In the Tang Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was designated as a formal festival. From then on, the court and the people jointly celebrated the Double Ninth Festival and held various activities during the festival. According to records, it was officially listed as a national festival on September 9 of the lunar calendar during the reign of Tang Dezong and Li Shi (780-785), and the Double Ninth Festival was listed as one of the "three ordinances" festivals.
In the Song Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was more lively. The Tokyo Dream Hualu recorded the grand occasion of the Double Ninth Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty. "Old Stories of Wulin" also records that the court of the Southern Song Dynasty "made nine rows on the eighth day" for a grand amusement in the next day.
In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, eunuchs and imperial concubines in the imperial palace of the Ming Dynasty began to eat flower cakes together to celebrate from the first day of the ninth day of Chongyang, and the Emperor himself went to the Longevity Hill to visit the scenic spots in order to enjoy the autumn anniversary; in the Qing Dynasty, customs were still prevalent, and the custom of Beijing Chongyang Festival was to paste chrysanthemum branches and leaves on the doors and windows to "relieve the evil and to
In modern times, since the 1980s, some places in China have designated the ninth day of September in the summer calendar as the Old Man's Day, advocating the whole society to establish a culture of respecting, respecting, loving and helping the elderly. In 1989, the Chinese government designated the ninth day of September in the lunar calendar as "Old Man's Day" and "Respect for Old Man's Day". On December 28, 2012, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China voted to pass the newly revised Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of the Elderly. The law makes it clear that the ninth day of September on the lunar calendar is the Old Age Festival.
In the process of inheritance and development, Chongyang Festival spreads from generation to generation with festival activities full of life implication. The theme of feasting for the elderly and feasting for longevity gradually merges with traditional Chinese filial piety ethics, and becomes one of the important themes of Chongyang Festival activities today.
In the process of historical continuation, Chongyang Festival not only integrates many folklore phenomena, but also many cultural connotations. September 9th of the lunar calendar is the climate of "rising and sinking of clear air". The higher the terrain, the more gathered the clear air. Therefore, "climbing high and enjoying clear air" has become a folk phenomenon. Golden autumn September, the weather is high and refreshing, this season is expected to reach the goal of relaxation and happiness, fitness and disease elimination. Every day in Chongyang, Jiujiu, there are activities organized for the elderly to climb mountains and autumn outings, exchange feelings and exercise. The younger generation of many families will also help the older generation to go to the countryside. Chongyang Festival is a traditional Chinese festival which combines various folk customs. It has many folk activities and rich cultural connotations. The celebration of the Double Ninth Festival usually includes activities such as sightseeing, climbing high and overlooking, chrysanthemum viewing, dogwood planting, feasting for the elderly, eating the Double Ninth Cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine and so on.
Chongyang Festival is the best time to enjoy autumn. Some mountain villages in southern China retain the characteristics of "sunning autumn". It has become a fashion to go to the countryside to enjoy folk customs and enjoy autumn sunshine. "Sunning autumn" is a typical agricultural phenomenon with strong regional characteristics. Villagers living in mountainous areas such as Hunan, Guangxi, Anhui and Jiangxi have to use the roof racks of their own windows and windows to sun and hang crops because of the complex terrain and the scarcity of flat land. Over time, it has evolved into a traditional agricultural phenomenon. This special way of life and scene of villagers drying crops has gradually become the material pursued and created by painters and photographers, and created a poetic term of "sunning autumn".
Paper kite is the main custom of the Southern Double Ninth Festival. Folk Chongyang Festival is characterized by putting paper kites. Guangxu's Huizhou Prefecture records are also described. Paper kites are now kites. In folk tradition, besides climbing the heights, the paper kite is also a feature of the Double Ninth Festival.
The custom of climbing high on Chongyang Festival has a long history. In ancient times, people had the custom of climbing high on Chongyang Festival, so Chongyang Festival is also called "climbing high festival". The custom of climbing high in Chongyang originated from the climatic characteristics at this time and the worship of mountains by the ancients. The climbing of "Ciqing" is also derived from the solar terms of nature. The climbing of "Ciqing" on the Double Ninth Festival corresponds to the ancient spring outing "Taqing" in March of Yangchun. The custom of "climbing mountains to pray for blessings" was popular in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. There is no uniform regulation on the place of climbing. The place of climbing can be divided into climbing mountains, building or platform. The origin of high custom is roughly four: one is from the worship of mountains of the ancients; the other is from the climate of "the rising of clean air and the sinking of turbid air"; the third is from the climbing of "Ciqing"; and the fourth is from an absurd legend of "Huanjing Mountain climbing to avoid disaster".
1. In ancient times, the worship of mountains by the ancients formed the custom of "climbing mountains and praying for blessings". The Book of Rites and the Law of Sacrifice recorded that "mountains, forests, valleys and hills, clouds, wind and rain, and monsters are called gods." Documents record that the ancients were both awed and full of worship for mountains. The custom of "climbing mountains to pray for blessings" was popular as early as the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. In the Western Han Dynasty, Chang'an Zhi recorded people's sightseeing in the capital of the Han Dynasty on September 9.
2. According to the law of the movement of heaven, earth, sun and moon, the day of Chongyang on September 9 of the lunar calendar is the climate of "rising and sinking of clear air". The higher the terrain, the more gathered the clear air. Therefore, "climbing high and enjoying clear air" has become an important folk phenomenon that people are competing for.
3. The saying of "Ciqing" comes from the solar terms in nature. Chongyang is the autumn festival. After the festival, the weather becomes cooler and the grass and trees begin to wither. The climbing "Ciqing" on the Chongyang Festival corresponds to the ancient spring outing "Taqing" in March.
4. The myth and legend of climbing high and avoiding disasters on the Double Ninth Festival began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. It is said that there was a magician named Huanjing in Henan Province who thought that there would be distemper on this day. People had to leave their homes and go as high as possible in order to be safe. Huanjing's absurd story of climbing high on September 9 to avoid disaster is found in the mythological and mythical novel of Liang and Wu Jun in the Southern Dynasty, Sustained Qi Harmony.
Eat Chongyang Cake
According to historical records, Chongyang Cake, also known as Flower Cake, Chrysanthemum Cake and Five-color Cake, has no definite method and is more optional. At dawn on September 9, the ancients intended to make cakes in September by putting pieces of cake on their children's foreheads, reading words in their mouths and wishing their children all the best. The exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, in order to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep). Some also put a small red paper flag on the Double Ninth Cake (instead of cornel) and lit candlelight. This probably means "lighting a lamp" and "eating cake" instead of "climbing a mountain". Nowadays, there is no fixed variety of Chongyang Cake. The soft cakes eaten on Chongyang Festival are called Chongyang Cake everywhere.
Chongyang Festival is one of the four traditional Ancestor-worshipping festivals in China. In ancient times, there was a tradition of offering ancestors and praying for blessings. In ancient times, the traditional custom of offering sacrifices to ancestors in Chongyang was still prevalent in Lingnan area. People would hold sacrifices to ancestors on Chongyang Festival every year. Whether it is ancestor worship or high vision, the most fundamental role is to enhance people's cultural identity and strengthen the cohesion of the family and society.
Chongyang Day has always been the custom of enjoying chrysanthemums, so it was also called chrysanthemum festival in ancient times. The custom of appreciating chrysanthemum originates from Chrysanthemum culture. Chrysanthemum is a natural flower, because of its colorful and proud frost blooming, forming a chrysanthemum culture of appreciation of chrysanthemum and praise of chrysanthemum. September of the lunar calendar, commonly known as the chrysanthemum month, holds chrysanthemum conventions on festivals, and the crowds of people in Qingcheng go to enjoy chrysanthemum. Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties of the Three Kingdoms, it has become fashionable to gather in Chongyang to drink and appreciate chrysanthemum poems. In Chinese ancient customs, chrysanthemum symbolizes longevity. Chrysanthemum is not only the flower of longevity, but also the symbol of indefatigable frost for literati.
The ancients took Chongyang and Shangsi (Qingming Festival) as the corresponding Spring and Autumn Festival. If Shangsi (Qingming Festival) is a festival for people to go outdoors after a long winter, then Chongyang is a ceremonial autumn tour when the autumn cold arrives and people are about to live in seclusion. Therefore, there is a custom of "trampling on the green" on Qingming Festival and "ciqing" on Chongyang Festival.
Enjoy a feast for longevity
The custom of longevity on Chongyang Festival was first recorded in the Han Dynasty. In Xijing Zaji of Han Dynasty, it is recorded that on September 9, wearing dogwood, eating canopy bait and drinking chrysanthemum wine make people live longer. "Jingchu Anniversary Records" said: "On September 9, the four peoples had a picnic banquet together." Du Gong of the Sui Dynasty looked into the clouds and said, "The banquet on September 9th did not change from the Song Dynasty, although it did not know the origin of the banquet." On the basis of offering sacrifices to the heavens and ancestors, longevity and feasts were added to form the basis of the Double Ninth Festival. In fact, the large-scale banquet activities in Chongyang were developed from the festival feast of harvest celebration in the Pre-Qin Dynasty.
Drink chrysanthemum wine
Drinking chrysanthemum wine: In ancient times, chrysanthemum wine was regarded as the "auspicious wine" that Chongyang must drink, dispel disasters and pray for blessings. Because of the unique character of chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum has become a symbol of vitality. Chrysanthemum contains nutrients. In Gehong's Baopuzi of Jin Dynasty, people in Nanyang Mountains drank the sweet valley water of chrysanthemum to improve their life. Drinking chrysanthemum wine in Chongyang Festival is a traditional Chinese custom. Chrysanthemum wine, in ancient times, was regarded as the "auspicious wine" that Chongyang must drink, dispel disasters and pray for good luck. Chrysanthemum wine is a kind of medicinal wine with a slightly bitter taste, which can make people bright and refreshing after drinking, and has the auspicious meaning of dispelling disasters and praying for good luck.
Chrysanthemum wine was found in Han Dynasty. There are still stories about chrysanthemum birthday and chrysanthemum picking and wine making. For example, Cao Pi, Emperor Wei Wendi, once presented chrysanthemum to Zhongxu (wish him a long life) on the Double Sunday. The chapter of chrysanthemum picking by Emperor Liang Jianwendi, with the phrase "picking chrysanthemum beads in a basket and damp in the morning", is an example of chrysanthemum picking and wine making. Until the Ming and Qing Dynasties, chrysanthemum wine was still prevalent. It was still recorded in Gao Lian's "Zunsheng Bajian" in the Ming Dynasty. It was a popular fitness drink.
In ancient times, the custom of inserting Cornus officinalis is popular, so it is also called Cornus officinalis. Cornus officinalis is a kind of fruit which can be used as a traditional Chinese medicine. Because the quality of Cornus officinalis produced in Wuyue (now in Jiangsu and Zhejiang) is the best, it is also called Evodia officinalis. Ancient people believed that on the day of Chongyang Festival, mountaineering and inserting cornel could drive away insects, dampness and evil wind. So they put the dogwood on their arms or ground it into sachets, and put it in their heads. Most of them are worn by women and children, and men also wear them in some places. Cornus officinalis can be used as medicine to make wine to nourish the body and dispel diseases. Cornus officinalis and hairpin chrysanthemum were very common in Tang Dynasty. Cornus officinalis has strong fragrance, with the functions of eye-catching, brain-awakening, fire-dispelling, insect-repelling, dampness-removing, wind-driving evil, and can eliminate accumulated food and treat cold and heat. Ancient customs such as Cornus officinalis are folk mountain climbing and exorcising wind and evil spirits. On the Double Ninth Festival, people adjust their physical health to adapt to natural climate change by using natural medicines such as Cornus officinalis.
Guangzhou celebrates the Double Ninth Festival. People climb Baiyun Mountain to enjoy autumn and keep fit. Wuchuan celebrated the Double Ninth Festival, feasting high banquets and presenting a banquet for the elderly. Huaiji County regards Chongyang as the day when the Yuan Emperor got the Tao. Men and women, old and young, poured out of the city and rewarded gods with cannons. In Chongyang, Lianchuan, boys and girls gathered outside the city to answer songs, and the people of the state gathered to watch. The paper kite is placed on the paper kite at the Double Ninth Festival in Yangjiang City. The sound is very loud in mid-air with a cane bow attached to the paper kite.
In the customs of Hong Kong and Macao people, Qingming is the "Spring Festival" and Chongyang is the "Autumn Festival". The traditional custom of climbing high to worship ancestors in Chongyang continues to this day. In Hong Kong and Macao, the ancient Double Ninth Festival has evolved into a diversified festival.
On September 9, Longan County allowed cattle and sheep to forage on their own. As the saying goes, "On September 9, cattle and sheep keep their own". The Qingming Festival is a spring festival, Chongyang as an autumn festival, Chongyang mountain worship is one of the Lingnan customs, cautiously follow the tradition of Gu Ben Siyuan for thousands of years.
The festival of flying kites in Haicheng County is called "Fengcha". Legend has it that the ninth day of September is the day of Mazu's emergence and ascension. Many villagers go to the Mazu Temple in Meizhou or the Temple and Temple of the Queen of Heaven in Hong Kong to offer sacrifices for their blessings.
The custom of Hainan's Double Ninth Festival is to climb high and observe the sky, insert dogwood, send "Double Ninth Cake", "chase bobcats" and wash mugwort leaves.
On the Double Ninth Festival, people in Nanjing chiseled oblique shapes with five-coloured paper and attached flags to insert them into the courtyard. The Double Ninth Festival in Changzhou County eats a kind of pasta called "camel's hoof". The Chongyang Festival in Wuxi City eats Chongyang Cake and Jiupinxi.
Yu Garden in Shanghai held chrysanthemum meeting on the Chung Yeung Festival, and scored three grades with new ingenious, noble and rare. In recent years, Yangpu District of Shanghai has launched a series of activities of "Joy in Chongyang" respecting the elderly and loving the elderly.
Shaoxing Prefecture visits each other on the Double Ninth Festival. Tonglu County, September 9 to prepare pigs and sheep ancestors, known as the autumn sacrifice. At the same time, dumplings are tied and given to each other on the Double Ninth Festival, which is called the Double Ninth Festival.
On September 9, Wuyuan County held the autumn sun festival in Xiaoling. The ancient village of Laoling in Wuyuan still retains a good phenomenon of "sunning autumn" production and life. In autumn, a large number of fresh vegetables, melons and fruits need to be dried and stored, forming a spectacular scene.
Tongling County takes Chongyang on the ninth day as the Dragon candle meeting to meet the mountain gods. It is said that the plague can be expelled by cutting bamboo horses as a play. In recent years, Hefei Thermoelectric Organisation has launched the theme activities of condolences for the Double Ninth Festival.
In recent years, Kunming, Yunnan Province, has held the theme activity of "Our Festival, Chongyang Festival".
Wuchang County brewed wine on Chongyang Day. It is said that the wine brewed here is the clearest and has been stored for a long time. The Double Ninth Festival in Yingcheng County is the date of vow repayment. Everyone worships the God of Fang She and Tianzu on this day.
Old Nanxi County scholars gathered at Censhan Tower in Longteng Mountains on this day to commemorate the poet Cen Shen, known as the Cen Guild. Folk customs, before and after Chongyang to sticky rice steamed wine, mash. As the saying goes, "Chongyang Steamed Wine is sweet and delicious".
On September 9, Xianghe County, families with in-laws will give gifts to each other, which is called "chasing festival". Yongping Prefecture will have sunny and rainy days in the future. If it rains on the Double Ninth Festival, it will rain these days. There are no mountains in Dianzhou County, and more people go up to the city building on the Double Ninth Festival.
People in the northern part of Changyi eat hot radish soup on the Double Ninth Festival. A proverb says, "If you drink radish soup, the whole family will not suffer." Juancheng folk weighed the Yangfestival as the birthday of the God of wealth, and the family branded scorched cakes to sacrifice the God of wealth. Zou Ping offered sacrifices to Fan Zhongyan in Chongyang. In the old days, dyeing and wine shops also offered sacrifices to the God of VATS on September 9. Tengzhou's daughter, who has been married for less than three years, does not want to go back to her mother's home for the holidays. There is a saying that "go home to Chongyang and die her mother-in-law".
In the vast rural areas of Shaanxi Province, green dogwood is inserted in front of every household on the Double Ninth Festival, and the left and right neighbors give each other gifts. On the Double Ninth Festival in Xixiang County, relatives and friends present chrysanthemums and chrysanthemum cakes to each other. Scholars reward each other with poetry and wine. It is said that women can treat their heartache by taking cornel orally this day.
Since ancient times, Shanxi Jinnan has had the traditional habit of climbing on September 9. Enjoy the beautiful rivers and mountains, and look up to the historic sites, becoming a festival feast. Up to now, there are many famous words in the folklore, such as "the prosperity of the universe and the rise of our generations together", "the east wind can't stay, the peak begins slowly", "the new moon in September, and the autumn in the Three Agricultural Celebrations".
In 2010, the Chinese People's Association awarded Xixia County of Nanyang City the "Town of Chongyang Culture in China" , and established the only "Research Center of Chongyang Culture in China" in Xixia, where the "China Xixia Chongyang Culture Festival" is held on September 9 of the lunar calendar every year.
Chongyang was called Chong Nine in ancient Korea, and it has been a custom to go upstairs and recite poems since the Sino-Luo era. In the Koryo Dynasty, the banquet on the ninth day of September even became a national custom. Customary activities mainly include eating fried flowers and cauliflower, playing fried flowers games and flying kites.
The Chongyang Festival in Japan was introduced from China in the Heian Period. The princes and nobles of the Heian Dynasty held a chrysanthemum feast in the palace on the ninth day of September in the lunar calendar. The Japanese will also put cotton cloth on chrysanthemums the night before the Double Ninth Festival and wipe their bodies after the dew wets them to pray for a long life. Customary activities mainly include eating eggplant, eating chestnut rice and sacrificing chrysanthemum.
San Francisco is a Chinese-populated city. Every Double Ninth Festival, there will be a variety of chrysanthemums sold in flower shops, and some cake shops will also sell Double Ninth Cakes. Many Chinese associations hold honor banquets for the elderly, and some service centers for the elderly also have many volunteers to visit and help the elderly.
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