Jingkou District, the political, economic and cultural center of Zhenjiang City, covers an area of 126 square kilometers and has a resident population of 388000. It has six streets and two parks.
Jingkou was called Jingkou Li in the Han Dynasty. In the eastern Wu Dynasty, Sun Quan built an iron urn and set up Jingkou town. Jinling county was established in the Jin Dynasty, Xuzhou in the Southern Song Dynasty, Runzhou in the Sui Dynasty, and Zhenjiang Prefecture in the Song Dynasty. In 1983, Zhenjiang City set up urban and suburban areas. In December of the same year, the urban area was renamed Jingkou District. After two times of zoning adjustment, the current administrative division was formed.
Jingkou District is located in the South Bank of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the east of the ancient canal. The "cross golden waterway" of the Yangtze River and the Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal meet in the territory. It is the hub of material circulation and economic cooperation between Southern Jiangsu and Northern Jiangsu. Jiaoshan and Beigu mountains are distributed along the Yangtze River. They are famous for "city, mountains and forests, river style" and "the best River and mountain in the world".
In October 2018, it was selected as one of the top 100 areas of investment potential in 2018, top 100 areas of science and technology innovation in 2018 and top 100 areas of science and technology innovation in 2019.
Place name source
Jingkou is the ancient name of Zhenjiang. It was a fiefdom of Yi in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Yi was one of the birthplaces of Wu and Wu culture. In the spring and Autumn period, Jingkou belonged to Zhu Fangyi, and later changed to Guyang. In the 37th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (210 BC), the first emperor of Qin Dynasty visited Kuaiji in the East. When he passed through Jingxian mountain, he saw that there was a king's spirit. He ordered 3000 Zheyi disciples to cut off the Dragon veins to defeat the king's spirit, so he changed his name to Dantu County.
There is a magnificent Beigu mountain in the northwest of Jingxian mountain. At that time, its back peak stretched into the river. The back peak, middle peak and front peak of Beigu mountain fluctuated continuously, and the front peak encircled the open Gaoping block. The ancients called the area around the front peak Beijing, which means "qiujuegao says Beijing" in Erya, and the mouth refers to the Jiangkou at the foot of Beigu mountain. At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Sun Quan dominated Jiangdong. In 209 A.D., he moved the base of Suzhou to Jingkou and built an iron urn on the peak in front of Beigu mountain.
History of construction
In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, it was Yangzhou of Kyushu. The Western Zhou Dynasty is suitable. In the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it was named Zhufang, belonging to the state of Wu. Yue destroyed Wu, Chu and Yue, and changed Zhu to Guyang.
Qin County, a county of Kuaiji. In the 37th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (210 BC), he made a tour to the East, and made 3000 Zheyi disciples chisel Jingxian mountain, build chidao (i.e. defeated the king), and change Guyang into Dantu.
In the early Han Dynasty, the name of the county was changeable. First, it belonged to the kingdom of Jing, which was granted by Liu Jia, king of Jing Later, it belonged to the fiefdom of Liu Bi, the king of Wu, and was called the state of Wu (prefecture state, later also known as Kuaiji county). In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was called Wujun, and its name was still Dantu.
At the beginning of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Jinling County ruled Jingkou and built Jinling county city. South Xuzhou was set up in Jingkou in the Southern Dynasties, so it is also called "South Xuzhou". In the 15th year of kaihuang (595), Runzhou (named after Runpu in the east of the city) was established, and the prefecture and county ruled Jingkou.
In Tang Dynasty, Yanling was changed into Dantu, belonging to Runzhou of Jiangnan Road. In the first year of Tianbao (742), Runzhou was changed into Danyang county. In the first year of Qianyuan Dynasty (758), it was renamed Runzhou and ruled Jingkou. At the end of Tang Dynasty, a naval envoy was set up in Jingkou.
In the third year of Zhenghe of Song Dynasty (1113), Runzhou was promoted to Zhenjiang Prefecture, where Zhenjiang got its name.
During Yuan, Ming, Qing and Republic of China, they were all called Dantu County, belonging to Zhenjiang prefecture (called "Lu" in Yuan Dynasty and "Jun" in Taiping Heavenly Kingdom).
In 1928, Dantu County was changed to Zhenjiang county. After the province ruled the city, Chengxiang was divided into the first district until liberation.
After liberation, Zhenjiang City and Dantu County were divided. The urban area and its suburbs belong to Zhenjiang City, and the rest to Dantu County. In 1952, there were three municipal districts: Beigu, Yingjiang and Jinshan. In 1956, the district was withdrawn and the sub district office was established. In 1960, four urban people's communes were established. In 1980, the urban people's commune was abolished and two districts, Beigu and Jinshan, were established. In March 1983, the system of city governing county was implemented, Zhenjiang District was abolished, and Zhenjiang city was upgraded to a provincial city. In August of the same year, Beigu district and Jinshan District were merged into the urban area.
In October 1984, Zhenjiang city was renamed Jingkou District.
1999: Jingkou District has 7 streets: dashikou street, Jiankang road street, Sipailou street, Zhengdong road street, Jianbi Town, Dantu town and Xiangshan township. 2000: Dantu town and Rushan Township were merged into Dantu Town, and the town government was stationed in Dantu town. In 2003, Dinggang town of Dantu District was under the jurisdiction of Jingkou District.
By the end of 2004, Jingkou District had jurisdiction over four streets and three townships (Dantu Town, Jianbi town and Xiangshan town); Zhenjiang New District had jurisdiction over two streets (Dagang, Dingmao) and one town (Dagang Town).
In 2005, Dalu Town, Yaoqiao town and Dinggang town of Dantu District were put under the jurisdiction of Jingkou District and entrusted to Zhenjiang New District.
In July 2011, Xiangshan Town, Jingkou District, Zhenjiang city was abolished and Xiangshan sub district office was established in its original jurisdiction. The sub district office is located at 128 Xuefu Road, managing 19 neighborhood committees and 4 village committees. Jianbi Town, Jingkou District, Zhenjiang city was abolished and Jianbi sub district office was set up in its original jurisdiction. The sub district office is located at 32 Yushan street, managing 8 neighborhood committees and 5 village committees.
In May 2014, the streets under the jurisdiction of Jingkou District were as follows: Jianbi street 29.418 square kilometers, Xiangshan street 22.582 square kilometers, Zhengdong Road Street 4.92 square kilometers, Sipailou street 4.097 square kilometers, dashikou street 2.318 square kilometers, Jiankang road street 1.892 square kilometers, Jingkou Industrial Park 4 square kilometers, Xinminzhou Port Industrial Park (Communist Youth League farm) 24.773 square kilometers And 30.686 square kilometers of Yangtze River waters and beaches.
By the end of 2017, Jingkou District had six sub district offices, namely dashikou, Sipailou, Jiankang Road, Zhengdong Road, Xiangshan and Jianbi, as well as Jingkou Industrial Park and Xinminzhou Harbor Industrial Park (Jingkou modern agricultural industrial park, Jiangsu Province). There are 61 communities and 5 administrative villages in the district.
Jingkou District is located at 119 ° 28 ′ E and 32 ° 13 ′ n. It is close to Jingxian mountain in the East, the mountains in the southern suburbs in the south, Wuzhou mountain in the West and the Yangtze River in the north. Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal passes through the hinterland of the city, covering an area of 23.4 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Zhenjiang New District in the East, Dantu District in the south, Runzhou district across the ancient canal in the West and Hanjiang District in Yangzhou City in the north.
Jingkou District is located in the eastern part of Ningzhen mountain range, belonging to Ningzhen Yangzi hilly area and Yangtze River impact plain area. The terrain is high in the southeast, low in the northwest, flat in the middle and along the river, with hills and hills interspersed. In addition to Xinminzhou, which is mainly a sandbank in the river, other landforms are basically characterized by hills and slopes. The lowlands along the river are formed by sedimentation of the Yangtze River in modern times.
Jingkou District is rich in water resources, the Yangtze River and the canal flow through the territory. There are 33 kilometers of the Yangtze River coastline and 16 kilometers of national second-class Yangtze River dykes. The water area of the whole region is 3786.5 hectares, of which the water surface of the Yangtze River is 2000.6 hectares. In terms of waterlogging control, there are 17 drainage stations with an installed capacity of 1920 kW and a total flow of 28.8 m3 / S; in terms of irrigation, there are 13 irrigation stations with a total installed capacity of 710 kW and a total flow of 4.54 m3 / s.
In Jingkou District, there are more than 90 kinds of Yangtze River fishes in 25 families of 13 orders, among which swordfish, shad, eel, channel catfish and puffer fish are rare species in China; Baiji dolphin, Chinese sturgeon and other rare animals in China are listed as first-class protected animals in China. The artificial aquatic products include green, grass, silver carp, carp, crucian carp, shrimp, crab, eel, turtle, etc.
There are 32 families and 122 species of birds in Jingkou District. There are 18 kinds of birds and 21 families of other wild animals in the Communist Youth League farm. The area is rich in plant resources, with more than 80 families and 500 species of various tree species. The natural vegetation is mainly deciduous broad-leaved, including Quercus acutissima, Pistacia chinensis, Sophora japonica, Pterocarya stenoptera, etc. There are more than 700 kinds of medicinal plants. The introduced tree species are Pinus thunbergii, Cunninghamia lanceolata, Paulownia, etc.
The types of mineral resources in Jingkou District are not complete and the economic value is not large. There are sporadic iron bearing greisen sandstone outcropping in Yushan of Jianbi street, dolomite and limestone in Qinglong mountain, limestone in Yuanjia village of Xiangshan street, and clay mainly distributed along the river.
In 1956, there were 37716 households and 155849 residents in Zhenjiang city.
In 1964, according to the second national census, there were 40188 households and 175564 people in Zhenjiang City (including 91389 males and 84175 females).
In 1982, according to the third national census, there were 75066 households with 267962 people (147437 men and 120525 women).
In 1989, there were 110818 households and 322466 people in Jingkou District (including 176021 males and 146445 females).
According to the main data bulletin of the sixth national population census of Zhenjiang City in 2010, as of 0:00 on November 1, 2010, the population of Jingkou District of Zhenjiang City reached 601671, accounting for 19.33% of Zhenjiang city.
By the end of 2012, the total registered residence of Jingkou District (excluding Zhenjiang New District) was 318 thousand, a decrease of 5 thousand people over the previous year, including 161 thousand men and 157 thousand women, 2 thousand and 300 born, 7.23 births, 1 thousand and 900 deaths, 5.93 5.93 deaths, and the natural population growth rate was 1.3 thousand. At the end of 2012, there were 393700 permanent residents, an increase of 2300 over 2011.
By the end of 2016, the total population of Jingkou District registered residence was 314 thousand, an increase of 100 over 2015. By the end of 2016, the resident population of Jingkou District was 39.67%
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Su Sheng Zhen Jiang Shi Jing Kou Qu
Jingkou District, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province
Tangshan hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Tangshan City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Tang Shan Shi Tang Shan Gao Xin Ji Shu Chan Ye Kai Fa Qu
Huimin District, Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Hu He Hao Te Shi Hui Min Qu
Chahar Right Wing Front Banner, Wulanchabu City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Wu Lan Cha Bu Shi Cha Ha Er You Yi Qian Qi
Shushan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province. An Hui Sheng He Fei Shi Shu Shan Qu
Fengze District, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province. Fu Jian Sheng Quan Zhou Shi Feng Ze Qu
Wanli District, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province. Jiang Xi Sheng Nan Chang Shi Wan Li Qu
Weicheng District, Weifang City, Shandong Province. Shan Dong Sheng Wei Fang Shi Wei Cheng Qu
Lichuan City, Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hubei Province. Hu Bei Sheng En Shi Tu Jia Zu Miao Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Li Chuan Shi
Xiangtan County, Xiangtan City, Hunan Province. Hu Nan Sheng Xiang Tan Shi Xiang Tan Xian
Mangshi, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province. Yun Nan Sheng De Hong Dai Zu Jing Po Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Mang Shi
Gongbujiangda County, Linzhi City, Tibet Autonomous Region. Xi Cang Zi Zhi Qu Lin Zhi Shi Gong Bu Jiang Da Xian
Jiali County, Naqu City, Tibet Autonomous Region. Xi Cang Zi Zhi Qu Na Qu Shi Jia Li Xian