Alar alar, a county-level city directly under the central government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, implements a division city integrated management system with the first division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps, which is managed by Xinjiang production and Construction Corps. Alar city of the first division is located in Aksu area of Xinjiang, starting from the southern foot of Tianshan Mountain in the north and the northern edge of Taklimakan Desert in the south. Its geographical location is between 80 ° 30 ′ e to 81 ° 58 ′ E and 40 ° 22 ′ n to 40 ° 57 ′ n. It is 281 km from east to west and 180 km from south to north. The total area of the whole division is 693968 ha, of which alar covers 625668 ha. Alar city of the first division has a warm temperate extreme continental arid desert climate. By 2020, alar city has jurisdiction over 4 streets, 15 towns and 1 Township, and the municipal government is located in jinyinchuan road street.
In the second year of shenjue in the Western Han Dynasty (60 BC), it belongs to the capital of the western regions. In 1928, it belonged to Aksu administrative region. In 1933, it was the fourth administrative supervision area in Xinjiang. In September 2002, the State Council approved the establishment of alar city, a county-level municipality directly under the central government of the autonomous region, in Alar Reclamation Area, the largest of the first agricultural division of XPCC, and implemented the "division city integration" management system with the first agricultural division. Alar city of the first division has national highway 217, 314 and provincial highway 207, 210 and 309. Yua highway, ATA highway, ATU highway, ahe highway and Asha highway meet here. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
In 2019, the GDP of alar city, the first division, will reach 30.95 billion yuan, an increase of 4.4% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 13.13 billion yuan, up 6.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 6.74 billion yuan, down 0.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 11.08 billion yuan, up 5.1%.
In the second year of shenjue in the Western Han Dynasty (60 BC), it belonged to the capital of the western regions.
In Tang Dynasty, it belonged to the prefecture of Anxi capital.
In 1882, it belonged to Aksu road.
In 1928, it belonged to Aksu administrative region. In 1933, it was the fourth administrative supervision area in Xinjiang.
In November 1949, he moved westward and stationed in southern Xinjiang.
On June 5, 1953, it was reorganized as the first agricultural construction division of Xinjiang Military Region in Aksu area.
In 1957, the first agricultural division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps was ordered to garrison in alar.
In June 1975, the organizational system of the first agricultural division was abolished and renamed as the Bureau of agricultural reclamation in Aksu region, under the dual leadership of Xinjiang General Bureau of agricultural reclamation and Aksu regional administration.
In June 1982, Aksu Agricultural Reclamation Bureau restored the former first agricultural division system.
In September 2002, the State Council approved the establishment of alar city, a county-level municipality directly under the central government of the autonomous region, in Alar Reclamation Area, the largest of the first agricultural division of XPCC, and implemented the "division city integration" management system with the first agricultural division.
On December 5, 2002, the first people's Congress of alar city was held, and the first people's Congress and government of alar city were elected.
On January 19, 2004, the people's Government of alar city was officially established, and the people's government began to fully perform its functions.
In January 2013, the first agricultural construction division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps was renamed the first division of Xinjiang production and Construction Corps.
On January 23, 2013, the people's Government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region approved to put Aksu City 802.733 square kilometers, Awati County 474.208 square kilometers, Keping County 61.798 square kilometers (a total of 1338.739 square kilometers) under the jurisdiction of alar city, set up jinyinchuan Town, the town government in a division and a regiment. After the adjustment, the area of alar city has reached more than 5200 square kilometers.
On January 9, 2016, the people's Government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region approved the establishment of Shahe Town and Shuangcheng Town in Alar City, with the town government stationed in the fifth regiment and the sixth regiment of the first division respectively.
On July 1, 2018, Yongning Town, 4th regiment, alar city, the first division was officially established. It marks that alar city of the first division has fully realized the jurisdiction of the division and the city.
On January 18, 2020, five established towns in Alar City of the first division were listed. The newly approved towns include xinjingzi town of the 2nd regiment, Ganquan Town of the 3rd regiment, Huaqiao town of the 11th regiment, Xingfu town of the 13th regiment and Jinyang town of the 14th regiment.
On December 31, 2020, Shishi City held a centralized listing ceremony for regiment towns, announcing the establishment of Matan Town, Tamen Town, Lihua Town, Changan Town, Tanan town and Xinkailing town.
By 2020, alar city of the first division has jurisdiction over 4 streets, 15 towns and 1 Township, and the municipal government is located in jinyinchuan road street.
Alar city is located in Aksu region of Xinjiang, starting from the southern foot of Tianshan Mountain in the north, to the northern edge of Taklimakan Desert in the south, to Shaya County in the East, to Keping County in the west, and next to Aksu River, Tarim River, Tailan River and Duolang river system. It straddles five counties and one city in Aksu Area (Wensu County, Wushi County, Awati County, Keping County, Shaya County, Aksu City). The distance between East and West is 281 km, and the distance between North and south is 180 km. The total area of the whole division is 693968 hectares, of which the area of alar city in the first division is 625668 hectares. Its geographical location is between 80 ° 30 ′ e to 81 ° 58 ′ E and 40 ° 22 ′ n to 40 ° 57 ′ n.
Alar city belongs to the alluvial fine soil plain of Tarim River, slightly uplifted along the river bank and both sides of the gully, and the terrain inclines from northwest to Southeast. It is 281 km from east to west and 180 km from north to south.
Alar city has an extreme continental arid desert climate in warm temperate zone. The extreme maximum temperature is 35 ℃ (the highest temperature in Shajingzi reclamation area is 40 ℃ every 5-10 years), and the extreme minimum temperature is - 28 ℃ (the lowest temperature in Situan reclamation area is - 33.2 ℃). The average annual solar radiation is 133.7-146.3 kcal / cm2. The average annual sunshine duration is 2556.3-2991.8 hours, and the sunshine rate is 5869%. The average annual precipitation is 40.1-82.5 mm, and the average annual evaporation is 1876.6-2558.9 mm.
The main water resources in Alar City are Aksu River, Tarim River and Shengli, upstream and Duolang plain reservoirs.
The water source of Alar Reclamation area is mainly from Aksu River and its tributaries Kunmalike River and Duolang River, followed by Tailan River and halayuergun river. About 150 million cubic meters of water from Hotan River and Yeerqiang River can be introduced into the reservoir during flood period. The average annual water diversion in the reclamation area is 1.89 billion cubic meters, and the utilization rate of water diversion is only 38.4%, most of which are lost due to the leakage and evaporation of reservoirs and canals. There are 16 springs and 71000 mu of natural lakes in the reclamation area. The groundwater in the plain is generally 1-3 meters above the ground. Except for fresh water in the north of the 4th and 6th regiment and the terraces along the upper reaches of Aksu River and Tarim River within 1-5 meters, the salinity of other groundwater is above 5-10 g / L, and the fluorine content is 1.5-6 mg / L, which is generally not suitable for exploitation.
The wild woody plants in Alar City include Populus euphratica, Populus Grifola, red willow, shrub willow, Nitraria tangutorum, spruce, birch, bitter poplar, Mountain willow, etc. There are more than 40 families and 140 species of wild herbs, including reed, Apocynum venetum, cattail, water grass, hairy wax, camel thorn, Suaeda salsa, jute, Malan, butter grass, aquatic cattail, Potamogeton crispus, Flos, etc.
There are more than 130 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines in Alar City, including Codonopsis pilosula, Angelica dahurica, Angelica sinensis, mulberry, cortex mori, agrimoniae, pomegranate, mume, almond, papaya, safflower, snow lotus, licorice, Scrophularia, mint, etc.
There are more than 100 species of wild animals in Alar City, including red deer, grass deer, wild boar, yellow sheep, argali sheep, rock sheep, yak, snow leopard, bear, mink, marmot, wolf, rabbit, hedgehog, quail, cuckoo, pheasant, snow chicken, wild goose, wild duck, Schizothorax and big head fish.
There are 145 species of insects in Alar City, including hawk, woodpecker, black spot, Coccinella septempunctata, predacious mite, Trichogramma matsutake, etc.
The mined minerals in Alar Reclamation area include coal, sulfur, limestone, quartz sand, phosphate rock, mirabilite, salt, clay, etc.
By the end of 2019, the total population of alar city was 409000, an increase of 37000 or 9.9% over the end of last year. Among them, 210000 were males and 190000 were females. The sex ratio of the total population (100 females, male to female ratio) is 105.5; 102000 people live in Alar City, accounting for 24.9% of the total population. Among the total population, there are 362000 Han people and 47000 minority people. In the whole year, 2298 people were born, with a birth rate of 5.88 ‰; 1205 people died, with a death rate of 3.09 ‰; and the natural growth rate of population was 2.79 ‰. The registered residence population was 292 thousand and 500 at the end of the year, an increase of 27 thousand and 500 over the previous year, an increase of 10.4%. The number of people separated from households was 35000, an increase of 25.9%; the number of floating population was 71000, a decrease of 16.1%.
In 2019, the GDP of alar city will reach 30.95 billion yuan, an increase of 4.4% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 13.13 billion yuan, up 6.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 6.74 billion yuan, down 0.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 11.08 billion yuan, up 5.1%. The added value of the three industries accounted for 42.4%, 21.8% and 35.8% of the GDP respectively. The third
Chinese PinYin : Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu Zi Zhi Qu Zhi Xia Xian Ji Hang Zheng Qu Hua A La Er Shi
Alar City, a county-level administrative region directly under the central government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
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