Fuyun County, Fuyun county is located in the northeast of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the southern foot of Altai Mountain and the northern edge of Junggar basin; it is adjacent to Qinghe County in the East, Fuhai County in the west, Junggar Basin and Changji Prefecture in the South; it is adjacent to Mongolia in the north, with a border line of about 205 km, a county of 413 km in length from north to south, a county of 180 km in width from east to west, and an administrative area of 32200 square kilometers.
As of 2012, Fuyun county has jurisdiction over 71 administrative villages in 6 townships and 3 towns. In 2012, the total population of Fuyun county was 95200, which was composed of 26 ethnic groups, including Han and Kazak. Among them, the Kazak population was 69200, accounting for 72.69% of the total population; the Han population was 20800, accounting for 22.85% of the total population.
Fuyun county has a suitable climate and four distinct seasons. Because the county is located in the valley, it has a cool summer climate and is a summer resort. In 2018, the national health county (township) was reconfirmed.
Historical evolution: Fuyun county was the territory of Xiongnu in Han Dynasty. The Sui and Tang dynasties belong to Western Turks. the Yuan Dynasty was the fiefdom of Mongolian kings. in the Ming Dynasty, it was a pastoral area for the Wasi people. in the Qing Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of counsellor Minister of khobudo. In 1904, khobudo and Altay were divided. Altay was directly under the central government. Today, Fuyun county is under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Altay. in 1919, Altay was changed to Xinjiang Province and set up ashandao. In the same year, it was set up as Zuo County of brentohai. Today, Fuyun county is under the jurisdiction of Zuo County of brentohai. In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), KEKETUOHAI was separated from bruntuohai and set up the administrative bureau (KEKETUOHAI, Kazakh for green jungle). In 1941, the administrative bureau was changed to a third class County, named Fuyun, "taking the meaning of Tianfu", and the county government set KEKETUOHAI. In 1945, a mass uprising against the Kuomintang government took place in the three districts of Ili, Tacheng and Altay, and the three district governments were established. Wusi man was appointed Commissioner of Altay and haliman was appointed magistrate of Fuyun county. In 1946, Usman broke away from the three district governments and cooperated with the KMT Xinjiang Provincial Government to control the power of Fuyun, Fuhai and Qinghe counties. In 1949, Xinjiang was peacefully liberated, the people's Liberation Army (PLA) was stationed in Altay, and the three regional national armies were incorporated into the PLA. In 1950, the people's Government of Fuyun county was established. In 1957, the first general election was held, and the people's government was changed into the people's Committee. In 1959, with the approval of the autonomous regional government, the county people's committee moved from KEKETUOHAI town to kuerqis town. In 1969, during the ten years of turmoil, the people's Committee was abolished and the Revolutionary Committee was established. In 1981, the county Revolutionary Committee was abolished and the county people's government was restored.
As of 2014, the county has jurisdiction over 6 townships and 3 towns: kuerqis Town, KEKETUOHAI Town, chakurtu Town, turhong Town, dure Town, Kurt Town, Kalatongke Town, tiemaike town and kalabulegen town. The county people's government is stationed in kuerqis town. There are 71 administrative villages.
Fuyun county is located in the north of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the eastern end of Altay region and the upper reaches of Erqis River, between 45 ° 00 '- 48 ° 03' n and 88 ° 10 '- 90 ° 31' E. It borders on the people's Republic of Mongolia in the north, Qinghe County in the East, Fuhai County in the west, Junggar Basin in the south, Qitai County, jimusar county and Fukang City in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
The topography of Fuyun county is complex, including mountain area, basin, valley, Gobi and desert. It is high in the north and low in the south, with an altitude of 800-1200 meters. The highest point is xinwula peak, with an altitude of 3863 meters, and the lowest is 317 meters (Sanquan depression). The county is 800 meters above sea level. the basic composition of Fuyun county is composed of Altay Mountains, Erqis River Wulungu River alluvial plain and Junggar Basin (northeast part).
Fuyun county has a continental cold temperate arid climate, with cold and long winter, hot summer, short spring and autumn, and sufficient sunshine. The annual average sunshine hours are 2900 hours, the average temperature is 3.0 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 42.2 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature is - 51.5 ℃, the average frost free period is 137 days, the annual precipitation is 189.6 mm, and the annual evaporation is 1970 mm. The annual evaporation is 1743 mm, and the sunshine is abundant with 2869.8 hours. The climate is dry and the annual relative humidity is 61%. The frost free period is short, 140 days per year. Nearly two thirds of the areas in the territory have no obvious summer, only cold and warm. 0 ℃ for half a year, accounting for 206 days. Wulungu River Basin and other project areas have good climate conditions, with an average annual temperature of 4.3 ℃, extreme minimum temperature of - 39 ℃, extreme maximum temperature of 40.6 ℃, annual frost free period of 145-189 days, large temperature difference between day and night, annual average precipitation of 110mm, evaporation of 2300mm, and average wind speed of 2.7m/s.
Fuyun county has two major water systems, Ertis River and Wulungu River, with an annual runoff of 4.35 billion cubic meters.
As of 2014, there are more than 50 kinds of wild plants with economic value in Fuyun county. The main medicinal plants are bupleurum, red spoon, ephedra, Cordyceps sinensis, palm ginseng, Ali red, wild rose, Lily and so on, which are mostly distributed in the northern mountainous areas. There are also ferula, ferula mushroom, licorice, Astragalus membranaceus, Dayun, etc. The main tree species in Fuyun are poplar, willow, elm, white wax, Elaeagnus angustifolia, apple, Begonia, etc.
As of 2014, there are more than 100 kinds of wild animals in Fuyun County, including brown bear, snow leopard, red deer, marmot, mink, wild horse, Mongolian wild donkey, argali, gazelle, wolf, fox, squirrel, etc. There are otters, beavers and shooting rats in the valley. Kalamaili animal nature reserve in Fuyun county and Qitai autonomous region is the largest ungulate wildlife reserve in China. It was established in April 1982 and covers an area of 17000 square kilometers. The main protected animals include wild horses, Mongolian wild donkeys, argali, gazelle and other ungulate wildlife. It is also the only distribution area of Mongolian wild donkeys in China. There are more than 20 kinds of valuable fishes in the Irtysh River and Wulungu river systems. The main fishes are Changbai salmon (big white fish), baikalyaro (small white fish), Zhero salmon (big red fish), fine scale salmon (small red fish), carp, sea bass (wudaohei), etc.
The main rivers in Fuyun county are Erqis River and Wulungu river. Erqis river flows through the county for 230 km, with an average annual surface runoff of 3.384 billion cubic meters; Wulungu river has a surface runoff of 12.6 cubic meters, with a length of 210 km. Erqis River and Wulungu river run through the whole area, with a total annual average runoff of 4.34 billion cubic meters and a theoretical reserve of 938000 kilowatts. The dynamic reserves of groundwater in the county are 40.04 million cubic meters per year.
As of 2014, Fuyun county has found four kinds of minerals, 92 varieties, especially gold, gems, non-ferrous metals. the reserves of 10 kinds of mineral resources in Fuyun County rank the top ten in China, and the top ten in Xinjiang are iron, copper, molybdenum, lead and zinc. There are more than 450 ore producing areas and 153 deposits, including 22 large deposits, 35 medium deposits and 98 small deposits. The known reserves of the deposit have a potential economic value of 33 billion yuan. Ferrous metals include iron, manganese, chromium, etc.; nonferrous metals include copper, nickel, lead, zinc, gold, silver, etc.; rare metals include beryllium, lithium, niobium, tantalum, cesium, etc.; chemical raw materials include mirabilite, snake mosquito rock, etc.; building materials minerals include limestone, basalt, perlite, marble, quartz, garnet, fluorite, etc.; non metals include muscovite, spotted mica, gem minerals include Hailan, crystal, purple Yawu, cinnamon stone, tourmaline, etc.
In 2012, the total population of Fuyun county was 95200, which was composed of 26 ethnic groups, including Han and Kazak. Among them, the Kazak population was 69200, accounting for 72.69% of the total population; the Han population was 20800, accounting for 22.85% of the total population. The non-agricultural population is 39300, accounting for 41.82% of the total population.
In 2013, the GDP of Fuyun County reached 5.765 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 16.8% according to the comparable price in 2010. 1、 The added value of the second and third industries was 640 million yuan, 4.3 billion yuan and 825 million yuan respectively, with an increase of 3.1%, 21.5% and 8.5% respectively in terms of comparable prices. In 2013, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in Fuyun county was 535 million yuan, the investment in fixed assets was 6.093 billion yuan, the local fiscal revenue was 1.163 billion yuan, and the local fiscal expenditure was 2.514 billion yuan; the deposit balance of financial institutions was 3.234 billion yuan, and the loan balance was 1.880 billion yuan.
In 2013, the per capita net income of farmers in Fuyun County reached 8739 yuan, an increase of 18.29% compared with 2012. The sown area of the county reached 411100 mu, with a year-on-year increase of 9.74%; the grain output reached 103532 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 71.96%; the oil crop output was 11038 tons, with a year-on-year decrease of 36.55%; the livestock stock was 610100 heads, with a year-on-year increase of 44000 heads; the livestock stock was 442500 heads, with a year-on-year decrease of 1.05%; the meat production was 14387 tons, with a year-on-year decrease of 1.05% In 2012, the year-on-year decrease was 4.58%, and the milk output was up to 10%
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