Zhenyuan County Zhenyuan County, subordinate to Qingyang City, Gansu Province, is located in the east of Gansu Province and the southwest of Qingyang City. It is a national poverty-stricken county, an important part of Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia old revolutionary base area, and one of the key poverty alleviation and development counties in Liupanshan. It is adjacent to Qingcheng county and Xifeng District in the East, Pengyang County of Guyuan City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the west, Jingchuan county and Kongtong District of Pingliang City in the south, and Huanxian County of Qingyang City in the north. It is 91.2 kilometers long from north to South and 78.3 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 3506 square kilometers. As of June 2020, Zhenyuan County administered 13 towns and 6 townships, with 526 thousand and 900 registered residence, 426 thousand and 100 permanent residents and 32.64% urbanization (2019).
The geology of Zhenyuan County belongs to Ordos platform area to the east of Guanshan Liupanshan fold belt, gully area of Loess Plateau, and the terrain is high in Northwest and low in Southeast. It belongs to the continental monsoon climate of north temperate zone.
Zhenyuan County is a county of revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area. On November 21, 2020, the people's Government of Gansu Province approved Zhenyuan County to withdraw from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
In 2019, the GDP of Zhenyuan County is 7.753 billion yuan, the added value of the primary industry is 2.17 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8%; the added value of the secondary industry is 2.125 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry is 3.457 billion yuan, an increase of 9.2%. The per capita GDP was 18280.29 yuan, an increase of 16.70%.
History of construction
Yutang belongs to Yongzhou. Xia belongs to Rongzhai. Shang belongs to Kunrong. At the end of the Shang Dynasty, the southern part of the town belonged to the Communist state, and the northern part belonged to the Peng state. The Western Zhou Dynasty belongs to Zhou Dayuan. In the late Western Zhou Dynasty, Zhen belonged to yiqurong state. In the 35th year of King Zhao of Qin Dynasty (272 BC), Qin destroyed the state of Yiqu, set up Beidi county and Yiqu County, and governed the present Zhenyuan.
In the Qin Dynasty, the county was located in the east of Chaona County, the west of Pengyang County and Anwu county.
In the third year of the reign of emperor Ding of the Han Dynasty (272 BC), Beidi county was divided into anding County, which governed 21 counties. Linjing County, Chaona County, Pengyang County, Fuyi County, Anwu county and anding county were related to Zhenyuan County. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Chaona County, Linjing county and Pengyang County. Fuyi county and anding county were merged into Linjing county. The Three Kingdoms belong to anding County, Yongzhou, Caowei, Linjing county and Chaona county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Linjing county and Chaona County in Anding County of Yongzhou. In the Northern Wei Dynasty, it belonged to anding County, Linjing County, Anwu county and Chaona county. The first year of Shengui (518) abolished Chaona county. In the Western Wei Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Linjing County in Anding County of Jingzhou and Pengyang County in ningzhou. In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Linjing county was abandoned, which was under the jurisdiction of Pengyang County and Anwu County in the northwest of Chenzhou.
In the Sui Dynasty, the town originally belonged to qiugu County, Anding County, Jingzhou, PENGYUAN County, Beidi County, ningzhou, and qiugu County in the first year of Daye (605). Daye 12 years (616), abandoned qiugu County, Fulin Jing County.
In Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Linjing County of Jingzhou and Fengyi County of ningzhou. In 619, PENGYUAN county was established as Fengyi County, belonging to Pengzhou. Kaiyuan eight years (720), changed to Jingzhou. Tianbao first year (742), changed to ningzhou. Dali first year (766), home Yuanzhou. In 808, Linjing county was transferred from Jingzhou to Yuanzhou. In the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, today's towns were all in the western part of Yuanzhou, Fengyi County, ningzhou.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, the town originally belonged to Linjing County of Yuanzhou and Fengyi County of ningzhou. In 976, Fengyi county was changed to Pengyang County. In 1997, Pengyang County was transferred from ningzhou to Yuanzhou. In the second year of Jin Dading (1162), the former state belonged to Jin, and still led Linjing and Pengyang counties.
Yuan to Yuan seven years (1270), known as zhenyuanzhou. In 1330, Dongshan County in the northwest of Zhenyuan Prefecture and the west of Sanchuan county set up Kaicheng Prefecture. Linjing County, Pengyang County and the east of Sanchuan County belong to Zhenyuan Prefecture, and Linjing county and Pengyang County are abandoned. In the 23rd year of Zhiyuan Dynasty (1283), Shaanxi Province was set up. Zhenyuan Prefecture belonged to gongchangdu, Shaanxi Province
In 1369, it was changed to Zhenyuan County, which was originally gongchang commander-in-chief's residence and later Pingliang residence.
In the early Qing Dynasty, it was made in the Ming Dynasty. In 1669, the four prefectures of Qingyang, Pingliang, gongchang and Lintao in Shaanxi Province were analyzed, and the administrative department of Gansu Province was restored. In 1777, it was changed to Jingzhou.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, Zhenyuan County successively belonged to pingqingjing Road, Longdong road and Jingyuan road. In 1926, it was directly under the Gansu provincial government. Seventeen years, set up the third district of Gansu Province Xifeng Commissioner Office, the town was changed to the original.
In October 1949, the town was under Qingyang Commissioner's office of Gansu Province. In 1955, it was transferred to Qingyang and Pingliang offices and to Pingliang Office of the Commissioner. In 1960, Qingping branch was the administrative office of Qingyang District.
In 2002, Qingyang District was abolished and prefecture level Qingyang City was established.
In 2015, Linjing township was abolished and Linjing town was established.
In December 2015, new urban and rural areas were abolished and new towns were established.
In 2019, Xinji Township, Maqu Township and Miaoqu township will be abolished and Xinji Town, Maqu town and Miaoqu town will be established.
By June 2020, Zhenyuan County has jurisdiction over 13 towns and 6 townships: Chengguan Town, Tunzi Town, Mengba Town, Sancha Town, Pingquan Town, kaibian Town, Taiping Town, Linjing Town, Xincheng Town, Shangxiao Town, Xinji Town, Maqu Town, Miaoqu Town, Nanchuan Town, Fangshan Town, yinjiacheng Town, Wugou Town, Guoyuan town and Zhongyuan Town, with a total of 215 administrative villages, 5 communities and 1991 villager groups.
Zhenyuan County is located in the east of Gansu Province, southwest of Qingyang City, adjacent to Qingcheng county and Xifeng District in the East, Pengyang County of Guyuan City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the west, Jingchuan county and Kongtong District of Pingliang City in the south, and Huan County of Qingyang City in the north. It is between 35 ° 27 ′ - 36 ° 16 ′ N and 106 ° 44 ′ - 107 ° 36 ′ E. It is 60 kilometers away from Qingyang Xifeng airport and 70 kilometers away from Pingliang station. It is 91.2 kilometers long from north to South and 78.3 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 3506 square kilometers.
The geological structure in Zhenyuan County belongs to the Ordos platform area to the east of the Guanshan Liupanshan fold belt, the faulted basin appears in the northwest, the Ordos Basin (meiganning basin) is formed in the east of Longdong, Northern Shaanxi, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, and the Loess plain is formed in the east of Northwest. The geological movement made the Loess plain bend and uplift, and uplifted the original low plain basin of loess accumulation into the Loess Plateau. The thickness of loess layer on the tableland is between 160 and 240 meters.
Zhenyuan County is located in the gully region of the Loess Plateau, with mountains, rivers and plateaus. The terrain is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with an average altitude of 1456 meters. The highest point is 1767 meters above sea level (Sancha Laoye Mountain), and the lowest point is 1011 meters above sea level (shangxiaomao River), with a relative altitude difference of 756 meters. Heihe River, Puhe River, Jiaokou River, Ruhe River, Honghe River and panyangjian river flow from northwest to Southeast.
Zhenyuan County is generally divided into three areas: the Loess Plateau Gully Area, covering an area of about 1484 square kilometers, accounting for 48.9% of the total area. The five tableland surfaces are southeast, the middle part is relatively flat, and the surrounding beams, hills and valleys fluctuate, with a slope of about 15 ° to 20 °; the Loess residual tableland gully area covers a total area of 1295 square kilometers, accounting for 34% of the total area; the tableland surface is broken, and the gullies are vertical and horizontal, with a relative height difference of about 350 meters; the loess hilly gully area covers a total area of 625 square kilometers, accounting for 17.1% of the total area. The hills are rolling, the valley is deep and steep, and the maximum slope is between 30 ° and 40 °.
Zhenyuan County has a north temperate continental monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 10.3 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 450-580mm, the annual frost free period is 140-184 days, and the annual total sunshine is 2249.7-2437.2 hours.
There are four big rivers in Zhenyuan County, namely Puhe River, Jiaokou River, Ruhe River and Honghe River.
Zhenyuan County has 3500 square kilometers of land, equivalent to 5.2497 million mu. The total cultivated land is 2034600 mu, accounting for 38.76% of the total land area, including 113900 mu of Sichuan platform land, 550300 mu of Tableland land and 1370400 mu of mountain land, accounting for 5.6%, 27% and 67.4% of the total cultivated land respectively; the soil is divided into five soil types, five sub types, 11 soil genera and 25 soil species.
Zhenyuan County has proved nine kinds of mineral resources, including oil, natural gas, coal, quartz sand, etc., of which the exploration reserves are 266 million tons. The predicted coal reserves are 1.3 billion tons, and the coal seams are buried thick, with a maximum of 15 layers, an average of 5 meters, and a maximum of 8.5 meters. The distribution of mineral resources is uneven.
In Zhenyuan County, there are more than 1000 species of plants belonging to 140 families, and more than 200 species of woody plants belonging to 67 genera and 37 families. There are 362 species of herbs belonging to 65 families, 212 genera, fungi belonging to 4 classes and 8 families, bryophytes belonging to 2 classes and 8 families, pteridophytes belonging to 3 classes and 5 families, lichens including lichens and tea stains. There are 11 families of algae, including Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta and Chrysophyta. There are more than 200 kinds of flowers, including oleander, cactus and Mimosa.
There are about 2000 kinds of wild animals, belonging to more than 280 families of 15 classes.
The total amount of water resources in Zhenyuan County is 156.72 million cubic meters, and the available amount per capita is less than 306 cubic meters. The distribution of groundwater is uneven, mainly concentrated in the central and southern part of the country. The water source in the tableland is deeply buried, and the water source in the northern hilly area is poor. Surface water surface water has Pu, Ru, Hong, Jiaokou four Yu River and Heihe, panyangjian two junction River, there are taiyangchi, baimachi, zhaichi three big pool water.
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