Wujiang District, Wujiang District, commonly known as Xihe, is subordinate to Shaoguan City. It is located in the north of Guangdong Province, to the west of Wujiang River and Beijiang River in Shaoguan City. It has a total area of 677.85 square kilometers and governs two streets and five towns. By the end of 2018, there were 318500 permanent residents in the region.
Beijing Hong Kong Macao expressway, Shaoguan Jiangxi expressway, Guangle expressway, Wuhan Guangzhou high speed railway passenger dedicated line, national highway 323, national highway 106, provincial highway 253 and other traffic roads are unblocked, forming a relatively complete backbone network of urban and rural traffic.
In 2019, the GDP of Wujiang district will reach 26.807 billion yuan.
The origin of place names
Wujiang district is named after Wujiang River in the upper reaches of the Beijiang River of the Pearl River system, and also known as Xihe river because it is located in the west of Wujiang River.
History of construction
Wujiang is an important military area of Shaoguan. It is the northwest fortress to protect Shaoguan. It is also a place for military strategists of all dynasties. Xihe, Xilian and Longgui have always been important barracks of Shaoguan garrison.
Wujiang area in the spring and Autumn period, for Baiyue, known as "Yang Yue.". During the Warring States period, it was a territory of Chu.
In the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), Lingnan was unified and Nanhai county was set up. The county was governed by Panyu, and Wujiang was under the jurisdiction of Panyu. After Zhao Tuo established Nanyue, he became a dependency of Nanyue.
In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC) of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, after Pingnan Yue, Qujiang County was set up in this area, belonging to Guiyang County. The county was governed in Chenzhou and subordinate to Jingzhou. Emperor Wu set up the Department of the thirteen prefectures (also known as Zhou and Shi) and Qujiang County of Guiyang County was supervised by the Department of the thirteen prefectures of Jingzhou. At the end of the Western Han Dynasty, Guiyang County was renamed Nanping County. At the beginning of the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was renamed Guiyang County.
In 265, the first year of Ganlu in the Three Kingdoms period, there was Shixing County in the south of Guiyang County, which was subordinate to Jingzhou.
In March of the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), Emperor Wu Pingwu moved Shixing County to Guangzhou. Qujiang County government moved from Lianhuashan to Xihe. At the end of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (419), Qujiang County moved to guantan (now the southern suburb of Shaoguan City).
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, Liang Chengsheng (552-555) set up donghengzhou in Shixing County. The state was governed by Qujiang, and the county was moved to Xihe.
In the ninth year of kaihuang (589), Eastern Hengzhou was changed to Shaoguan, and the prefectures and counties moved back to Lianhuashan. In the 11th year of kaihuang reign, Shaozhou was abolished and Qujiang County was incorporated into Guangzhou.
In 618, Qujiang County government moved to Xihe again. In the fourth year of Wude, Qujiang in Guangzhou was established as Fanzhou, and soon it was renamed donghengzhou. In Zhenguan (627-633), Eastern Hengzhou was changed to Shaozhou.
During the Five Dynasties period, in the first year of Qianhua in the Later Liang Dynasty (911), Liu Yan sent troops to break Shaozhou, and the prefectural and county offices were moved to Zhongzhou (today's Shaoguan urban Island). This area has always been the urban part of Shaozhou (today's Shaoguan) and Qujiang County. The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms belonged to the Liang Dynasty and the Southern Han Dynasty. Shaozhou has jurisdiction over Qujiang County, which belongs to Qujiang County.
In the early Song Dynasty, Shaozhou, the east of Lingnan, still governed Qujiang County. Before long, Qujiang County was renamed Shaozhou. In the third year of Zhidao (997), it set up a road in Shangzhou (half administrative and half supervised). Qujiang County belongs to Shaozhou, Guangnan East Road.
In 1278, Qujiang County belonged to Shaozhou Road, Guangdong Road, Haibei county. In the first year of Zhishun (1330), it was under the jurisdiction of Shaozhou Road, Guangdong Province.
In 1368, the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, Shaozhou road was changed to Shaozhou government (the Xinmin lawsuit was stopped in the same year). Qujiang County is the capital of Shaozhou.
In the Qing Dynasty, Qujiang County was under the jurisdiction of Shaozhou Prefecture, South Shaolian Road, Guangdong Province.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Dao and Fu were abolished, and Qujiang County was subordinate to Guangdong Province.
In 1914, the road was reestablished, and Qujiang County was under the jurisdiction of nanshaolian road in Guangdong Province
In 1943, Shaoguan City was established in Qujiang County and upgraded to a provincial municipality.
In 1947, Qujiang County was transferred to the administrative supervision district of the third special office, which belongs to Shaoguan City and Qujiang County respectively.
In 1949, the territory was still under the jurisdiction of Qujiang County.
In June 1951, after the restoration of the organizational system of Shaoguan City, it was under the jurisdiction of Shaoguan City. Shaoguan suburb and Wujiang district were set up. Wujiang District managed the urban areas of Xihe and Furong.
On November 9, 1952, the Beijiang special office was abolished and the northern Guangdong administrative office was established, with jurisdiction over 19 counties and one city, including Qujiang.
On March 1, 1956, Shaoguan Commissioner's office was set up, which has jurisdiction over 17 counties and one city, including Qujiang.
In January 1959, Shaoguan suburban office, Qujiang County, Renhua county and Ruyuan County merged.
On January 17, 1961, the suburb of Shaoguan City was abolished and the organizational system of Shaoguan City was restored.
In 1971, Shaoguan City was divided into six districts: Donghe District, southern suburb, Central District, Southern District, Northern District and Xihe District. Xihe District Street Revolutionary Committee was set up in Wujiang City.
In March 1975, the suburban system of Shaoguan was restored. In November, six districts of Shaoguan City were merged into three districts, including Xihe District.
In March 1976, Wujiang district was abolished and the suburbs of Shaoguan City were restored. It was under the jurisdiction of Huanshi, Furong, Beijiao and other communes (districts) to manage rural agricultural work.
In January 1977, Shaoguan was upgraded to a provincial municipality.
In June 1983, Shaoguan area and Shaoguan City were merged into prefecture level cities, which were collectively referred to as Shaoguan City.
In September 1984, with the approval of the people's Government of Guangdong Province, the former Wujiang district and the suburb of Shaoguan City (the agency of the former municipal government) were abolished and Wujiang district was established as one of the county-level administrative regions under the jurisdiction of Shaoguan City.
At the beginning of its construction in 1984, the district covers a total area of 146 square kilometers and has jurisdiction over Xihe, Furong and Xinhua sub district offices and 13 village level townships.
In January 1986, Wujiang district government set up three rural offices, namely, Xilian, Xihe and Xiakeng; in March 1986, the three sub district offices of Xihe, Furong and Xinhua were abolished, and the sub district offices of Wujiang District People's government were set up; in November 1986, the three rural offices of Xilian were abolished, and Lihe Township and Xilian town were set up.
In April 1997, the sub district offices of the District People's government were abolished and two sub district offices, Huimin and Xinhua, were set up.
In August 2004, Longgui, Chongyang and Jiangwan towns in Qujiang County were included in Wujiang district. By the end of this year, Wujiang district had jurisdiction over two sub district offices and five towns, with a total area of 682 square kilometers.
As of June 2020, Wujiang district has jurisdiction over two streets and five towns: Xinhua Street, Huimin street, Xilian Town, Xihe Town, Longgui Town, Jiangwan Town and Chongyang town. The district government is located in Huimin South Road.
Wujiang district is located in the north of Guangdong Province, west of Wujiang River and Beijiang River. Located in the basin at the southern foot of Nanling Mountains, it is located in the west of Wujiang River and Beijiang River in Shaoguan City. It faces Zhenjiang District across the river in the East, Baitu town in Qujiang District in the south, Dabu, Dongping, Rucheng and Yiliu towns in Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County in the West, and guitou town in Ruyuan in the North (Lishi town in Zhenjiang District in the North). It has a total area of 677.85 square kilometers, with geographical coordinates Longitude 113 ° 06 ′ 00 ″ - 113 ° 34 ′ 00 ″. Latitude 24 ° 42 ′ 00 ″ - 24 ° 48 ′ 00 ″.
Geology and geomorphology
The geological strata in Wujiang area are mainly sedimentary strata. Influenced by the "mountain" shaped geological structure in northern Guangdong, folds and faults are extremely developed in the area. Folds are mainly formed by the Paleozoic strata in a tight anticline core, mainly NNE trending structures, and secondary structures are also relatively developed. There are dagangtou Syncline in the north, Tianziling anticline in the middle and Furongshan Syncline in the south. All of them are sub fold belts of Qujiang Syncline in fault fold belt. The landform is dominated by hills, alluvial plains and high mountains. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, high in the West and low in the East. The altitude is 55-200 meters, and the slope is about 30 degrees. The main peak of Dadong mountain in Jiangwan Town is 1390 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in Wujiang district. Fenglingtou in Jiangwan Town is 1100 meters above sea level, huangmaotang in Fengtian in Longgui town is 941 meters above sea level, Yuanzi back shoulder mountain in Xihe town is 1125.5 meters above sea level, Dagang mountain is 406 meters above sea level, Tianziling mountain is 357 meters above sea level, and Furong mountain is 282 meters above sea level. The lowest elevation of Wujiang river bed is 55 meters.
Wujiang district is located in the basin at the southern foot of Nanling Mountain range. Its terrain is like a crouching lion. It is long from east to west and narrow from north to south, forming an irregular polygon. The district starts from the center of Wujiang River in the urban area in the East, ends at Wudong and Baishi villages in Jiangwan Town in the west, with a length of 56.75 km, ends at Yuanzi back shoulder mountain at the junction of Qujiang River in the south, and ends at dafuqian village in Chongyang town in the North, with a width of 17.8 km.
Wujiang district is located in the north of Tropic of cancer. It is a humid monsoon climate dominated by subtropical climate. It has sufficient sunshine and abundant rainfall. It has dry and cold northerly wind in winter and warm and humid climate in South in summer. The annual average temperature is 20.3 ℃ (including the annual average maximum temperature of 25.4 ℃ and the minimum temperature of 16.8 ℃), the annual average humidity is 52%, the annual average sunshine hours are 1858 hours, the annual total solar radiation is 111.5 kcal / cm2, and the annual average rainfall is 1537.4 mm.
The flood season is from mid April to late July every year. In spring, cold and warm monsoons alternate frequently, with low temperature and rainy weather and the least sunshine; in summer, it is hot and hot, with more and concentrated rainfall; in autumn, it is crisp, with large temperature difference between day and night and less rainfall; in winter, it is cold, with 305 frost free days.
The main rivers in Wujiang district are Wujiang River, Beijiang River, nanshai River, Chongyang River, Guoxi River, Shaoxi River, Muxi River, Furong River and Shashan river. Wujiang River, once known as Huxi and Wuxi in history, originates from sanfengling, Linwu County, Hunan Province. It passes through Pingshi, Lechang and guitou, flows from shanglang, Lishi Town, Zhenjiang District to Shuikou village, Chongyang Town, Zhenjiang District, and joins Zhenjiang River under Beijiang bridge to form Beijiang River. Total length of Wujiang River
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