Nankang District, belonging to Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, belongs to the former Central Soviet District. It is located in the south of Jiangxi Province and the west of Ganzhou City. It was called "Nanye" in ancient times, and "Nanye" in Qin and Han Dynasties. In the Three Kingdoms period, it was named Nan'an county because of "connecting Lingnan with people and abundant resources". It was established in the first year of Jin Taikang (280). In 1995, it was withdrawn from the county to the city, and in November 2013, it was withdrawn from the city to the district.
Nankang district is located in the branch of Luoxiao mountain and Dayuling mountain of Nanling Mountain system. It is adjacent to Zhanggong district and Ganxian District in the East, Xinfeng County and Dayu County in the south, Shangyou County and Chongyi County in the west, Suichuan County and Wan'an County in the north. Together with Zhanggong District, Ganxian District, Ganzhou economic and Technological Development Zone and Rongjiang New District, it forms the downtown area of Ganzhou. Covering an area of 1722 square kilometers, it has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 6 towns and 12 townships, with a population of 771200.
There are 1 inland port (Ganzhou port), 1 Airport (Ganzhou golden Airport), 4 Railways (Beijing Kowloon Railway, Ganshao railway, Changgan high speed railway, ganshen high speed railway), 3 National Highways (105 National Highway, 323 national highway, 357 national highway), 4 expressways (Daguang Expressway, Xiamen Chengdu expressway, Ganshao Expressway and Ganzhou Ring Expressway).
Nankang is one of the gathering places of Hakka people, inhabiting more than 20 ethnic groups, such as Han and she. Chitu she township is the ethnic township with the largest population of ethnic minorities in the province. Nankang district has formed leading industries such as furniture, minerals, clothing and electronics. It is the hometown of Sweet Pomelo in China and the capital of solid wood furniture in China.
Nankang district is a provincial civilized city and a provincial garden city. Nankang district is the financial reform pilot zone of Jiangxi Province; in 2016, the e-commerce transaction volume of Nankang District exceeded 10 billion yuan, reaching 11.8 billion yuan, and was awarded the title of "national e-commerce demonstration base" by the Ministry of Commerce. In 2018, Nankang District achieved a GDP of 24.373 billion yuan. In May 2020, it was selected as the top 100 County online retail in 2019, ranking 25th.
History of construction
It was called "Nanye" in ancient times. It was named "Nanye (Y ě)" in Qin and Han Dynasties. In Wu Dynasty, it was named Nan'an county because it was located in the south of the five ridges, where people are safe and things are abundant.
Jin Taikang first year (280 years) home county.
In 420, the first year of Yongchu in the Southern Dynasty belonged to Nankang state.
Qi, Liang and Chen belong to Nankang county.
Tang belongs to Qianzhou.
The Five Dynasties and ten States belong to the Baisheng army.
Eight years later, Nankang belonged to Zhaoxin army. In the first year of Chunhua, Nan'an army was set up, and nan'kang was subordinate to Nan'an army.
Yuan belongs to Nan'an road. In 1365, Nan'an road was changed into Nan'an mansion.
The Ming and Qing Dynasties belonged to Nan'an Prefecture.
In 1995, Nankang county was set up as a city.
In November 2013, the State Council officially approved the adjustment plan of some administrative divisions of Ganzhou City in Jiangxi Province, agreed to abolish Nankang city at the county level and establish Nankang District of Ganzhou City, and agreed to put the former Tandong town and TANKOU town of Nankang city under the jurisdiction of Zhanggong District of Ganzhou City.
On February 25, 2014, Nankang District of Ganzhou City was officially established.
Ganzhou Songcheng ancient charm
In February 2016, Nankang District adjusted its administrative division and put Fenggang, Sanjiang reconstruction system, Tangjiang three villages and Taiwo six villages under the management of Ganzhou economic development zone.
Nankang district has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 6 towns and 12 townships, and the district government is located in Rongjiang street.
Nankang district is located in the west of Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, in the middle and lower reaches of Zhangjiang River Basin. It is located between 25 ° 28 ′～ 26 ° 14 ′ 24 "n and 114 ° 29 ′ 9 ″～ 114 ° 55 ′ 24" E, adjacent to Zhanggong district and Ganxian District in the East, Xinfeng County and Dayu County in the south, Shangyou County and Chongyi County in the west, Suichuan County and Wan'an County in the north. Nankang District, with a total area of 1732 square kilometers, is 85.45 kilometers long from north to South and 42.6 kilometers wide from east to west. It is 23 kilometers away from the central city of Ganzhou and 455 kilometers away from the provincial capital Nanchang.
The mountains in Nankang are the branches of Luoxiao mountain and Dayuling mountain of Nanling Mountain system. They extend from six places and form six regional mountain systems, with a total of 12 main mountains
There are two peaks over 1000 meters, namely baiheling (1042 meters above sea level) and douliniao (1029.8 meters above sea level) at the junction of Longmu and Suichuan.
Nankang has a humid monsoon climate in the middle subtropical zone, with an annual average temperature of 19.3 ℃, no severe cold in winter, no severe heat in summer and abundant rainfall. The average temperature in December is 8.8 ℃, the average temperature in July is 28.6 ℃, the frost free period is about 286 days, the average annual rainfall is 1443.2 mm, and the average annual sunshine hours is 1856.6 hours.
There are 60 rivers in Nankang District, including 2 main streams, 10 first-class tributaries, 19 second-class tributaries, 18 third-class tributaries, 7 fourth-class tributaries and 4 fifth class tributaries. Longmu water and Huangsha water in the north belong to Suichuan water system, Meiyuan water in the southwest belongs to Xinfeng water system, and other rivers belong to Zhangjiang water system. Except Zhangjiang River, Shangyoujiang River, longhuajiang River, zhufanghe River and Yanxi River, they all originate in the northern and southern mountainous areas. Zhangjiang is located in Mingrong River, 58 kilometers long, with a drainage area of 859 square kilometers and a drop of 43 meters. It has 11 tributaries, including Jiaoxi River, ganqiao River, longhui River and nanshai river. Shangyou river is 34 kilometers long in the territory, with a drainage area of 911 square kilometers and a drop of 16 meters. There are five main tributaries: Yanxi River, Shaxi River, Longhua River, Mulin River and Qiaotou River. Longmu water belongs to Suichuan water system. It originates from Xiaodong, flows through Zhangcun, Qutan and ruikeng, and then flows out into Suichuan Jinshi river. It is 13.5 km long and has a drainage area of 43.8 square kilometers. Meiyuan water is in the southwest of Fushi township.
Nankang district covers an area of 1732 square kilometers. Among them, the total area of cultivated land is 32280 ha (484200 mu), accounting for 17.5% of the total land area; the protection area of basic farmland is 26903.3 ha (391400 mu), accounting for 80.8% of the total protection rate; the forest area accounts for 59.5%; and the water area accounts for 4.5%.
Nankang district has a woodland area of 1.6375 million mu, accounting for 62.7% of the land area. China has a woodland area of 131000 mu, a collective woodland of 1.4628 million mu, a forest stock of 2.1133 million cubic meters, a forest coverage rate of 60.82%, and a forest greening rate of 63.97%. The volume of standing trees reached 945000 cubic meters. According to the requirements of forestry classified management, the area of public welfare forest has been preliminarily planned to be 390000 mu.
Nankang district is rich in mineral resources and has many kinds, including metal mineral, non-metal mineral, fuel mineral, groundwater and mineral water. Metallic minerals include ferrous, non-ferrous, precious, radioactive, rare and rare earth metals. Non metallic minerals include metallurgy, chemical, ceramics, glass, cement raw materials, fuel and groundwater resources. By the end of 2012, there are 27 kinds of minerals with proven reserves and 32 kinds of minerals without proven reserves. The mined minerals include tungsten, tin, copper, rare metal (tantalum and niobium), rare earth metal, potassium feldspar, limestone, kaolin, fluorite, etc.
There are 6 kinds of national protected wild plants and 5 kinds of provincial protected wild plants in Nankang district. Among them, Ginkgo biloba and Cycas are the first-class national protected plants, Eucommia ulmoides, palmitaria, Camptotheca and Camptotheca acuminata are the second-class national protected plants, Cinnamomum aquilinum is the second-class provincial protected plants, and Cynanchum aquilinum, juniper, Sarcandra glabra and Solidago septemlobata are the third-class provincial protected plants. There are 4 kinds of national protected wildlife and 11 kinds of provincial protected wildlife. Among them, the national protected animals are pangolin, spotted beaver, owl and tiger frog (pheasant); the provincial protected animals are civet cat, kingfisher, Wang Jinshe (king snake), gray rat snake (Golden bar), golden ring snake, Bungarus multicinctus, cobra, king cobra, sharp snout snake (five step snake), black spot frog (frog) and big toad (toad).
By the end of 2018, the total number of households in Nankang district was 237067, with a total population of 771200, an increase of 5060 over last year. Among them, there are 252400 urban population, 518800 rural population, 398100 male population and 373100 female population. The birth population is 9744, including 5084 males and 4660 females. The birth rate is 13.92 ‰ and the natural growth rate is 7.86 ‰.
The population of Nankang district is divided into 20 ethnic groups, including Han, she, Hui, Mongolian, Tibetan, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Buyi, Manchu, Dong, Yao, Tujia, Li, Uygur, Korean, Bai, WA, Tu and Mulao.
Statistics as of January 2020, reference sources
According to the data, in 1993, Nankang furniture was just a grass-roots industry with an output value of only tens of thousands of yuan; in 2016, the output value of Nankang furniture industry cluster exceeded 100 billion yuan; in 2018, the output value of Nankang furniture industry reached 160 billion yuan, becoming a veritable "home of furniture".
After more than 20 years of development, Nankang now has 10000 home furnishing manufacturing enterprises with more than 400000 employees. 80% of the timber is imported. The annual consumption of timber is more than 10 million cubic meters, and the output value in 2018 will exceed 160 billion yuan.
In 2018, Nankang District achieved a GDP of 24.373 billion yuan, an increase of 10% at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 2.488 billion yuan, an increase of 3.7%; the added value of the secondary industry was 12.579 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 9.307 billion yuan, an increase of 3.7%
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Gan Zhou Shi Nan Kang Qu
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