Guangze County Guangze county is subordinate to Nanping City, Fujian Province. It is located in the northwest of Fujian Province, the northern section of Wuyi Mountains, the source of futun River in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, and adjacent to seven counties (cities) in Jiangxi Province, including Lichuan, Zixi, Guixi, Qianshan and Nanping City, including Shaowu, Jianyang and Wuyishan. With a total area of 2240 square kilometers, the county has 8 townships (towns) and 90 Village (neighborhood) committees.
Guangze county belongs to Guangze County of Shaowu Prefecture in ancient times. There are many mountains, high mountains and deep valleys in the territory. There are 570 peaks more than 1000 meters. It is said that "one beach is one foot high, and the luster is in Tianshan Mountain". Guangze is located in the subtropical monsoon humid climate zone, rich in grain, tobacco, medicinal materials, melons, sugarcane, water chestnut, aquaculture, animal husbandry developed rapidly. Yingxia railway and 316 National Road enter Fujian from Guangze, and Shaoguang expressway is completed and opened to traffic.
Guangze is one of the 19 border counties (cities) in Fujian Province. It is the first county for Yingxia railway to enter Fujian. It is a provincial key county for poverty alleviation and development, a provincial civilized county, a provincial Garden County, a provincial pilot county for urbanization, a provincial grain production county, a general transfer payment County, a key old district county and a former Central Soviet District County. National Highway 316 runs across the county. In March 2019, it was listed as the first batch of revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area sub County list. Guangze county is a special case of "no waste city".
2019, the gross domestic product of the whole year was 11 billion 453 million yuan, 4.7% higher than the previous year and 162 thousand and 400 registered residence.
Spring and autumn to Sui Dynasty
In the spring and Autumn period, Guangze county belongs to Yue State, and in the Warring States period, it belongs to Dongyue state.
In Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Minzhong county.
In the fifth year of emperor Gaodi of Han Dynasty (202 BC), it belonged to Minyue state. During the reign of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty (140-87 BC), it belonged to Kuaiji Prefecture. (Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty changed his name to Zhang'an county).
During the Three Kingdoms period, Guangze county belongs to the state of Wu. Wu Yongan three years (260), Li Jian'an County, Sheng Zhaowu town for the county, Guangze is Zhaowu county.
Zhaowu county was renamed Shaowu County in the third year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (282), Shaoyang County in the first year of Taining in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (323), and Shaowu County in the first year of Yongchu in the northern and Southern Dynasties (420).
In 589, Shaowu county was abolished, belonging to Quanzhou (now Fuzhou); in the 12th year, Shaowu county was restored, belonging to Fuzhou (now Jiangxi).
Tang Dynasty to Song Dynasty
In the seventh year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (624), Yangning town was set up as the place of pibei Township, belonging to Shaowu County of Jianzhou.
After five dynasties, in 958, Zhou Xiande changed Yangning town to Caiyan Town, which still belonged to Shaowu County of Jianzhou.
In the early Song Dynasty. In 979, Shaowu county was promoted to army, Caiyan town was promoted to county, which was the beginning of Guangze county. Caiyan town has jurisdiction over luanfeng and Guangze, so Guangze town is named Guangze County, belonging to shaowujun of Southwest Zhejiang Province. In the second year of Yongxi's reign (985), it was transferred to Shaowu army in Fujian road.
Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties
In 1353, Shao Wujun was promoted to Lu. Guangze county belongs to Shaowu Road, Zhongshu Province, Fujian Construction Bank. In the 22nd year of the Yuan Dynasty, Chen Youliang occupied Guangze. In November of the 27th year, Guangze was attached to Shaowu road.
In the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1368), Shaowu road was changed into a mansion, and Guangze County belonged to Shaowu mansion, the chief political secretary of Fujian Province.
In August of the third year of Shunzhi reign of Qing Dynasty (1646), the soldiers of Qing Dynasty entered Fujian Province, and there were still prefectures and counties as before.
the Republic of China era
In 1913, the government was abolished and the county was merged. Guangze belonged to Jian'an Road. In the 17th year of the Republic of China, Jian'an Road was withdrawn, belonging to the third administrative supervision area of Fujian Province (Jian'ou). In August of the 23rd year of the Republic of China, it belongs to Nancheng District of Jiangxi Province. In August of the 36th year of the Republic of China, it belonged to the Jianyang Commissioner's office of Fujian Province.
On February 17, 1950, Guangze county was liberated and belonged to the regional Commissioner's office of Jian'ou; in October, the special district was relocated to Jianyang and belonged to the regional Commissioner's office of jian'yang.
In May 1956, Jianyang district was merged with Nanping district and became the office of Nanping district commissioner.
In September 1970, Nanping District moved to Jianyang, belonging to the Jianyang District Reform Committee.
In January 1989, Jianyang district was moved to Nanping and returned to Nanping administrative office.
According to the website of Guangze county government on March 1, 2018, it governs 3 towns and 5 townships (hangchuan Town, Zhaili Town, Zhima Town, luanfeng Township, Chongren Township, Lifang Township, Huaqiao Township and Siqian township), with 85 villagers' committees and 5 community neighborhood committees.
Guangze county is located in the northwest of Fujian Province, the north section of Wuyi Mountains, the upstream of Minjiang River and the source of futun river. It is adjacent to Jianyang District of Nanping City in the East, Shaowu City in the south, Lichuan County of Fuzhou City in Jiangxi Province in the southwest, Zixi County in the west, Guixi City of Yingtan City in the northwest, Qianshan County of Shangrao City in the north and Wuyishan City in the northeast. The total area of the county is 2240 square kilometers.
The topography of Guangze county is a long valley shaped Guangze basin sandwiched by the middle and low mountains on both sides. The southeastern part of the mountain is the main vein of Wuyishan Mountain. It meanders to the northwest of Pucheng in the north and to the west of Jianning in the south. It is about 250 km long. It is the highest mountain in Fujian Province, with deep valleys and steep cliffs. Zhumugang, the highest peak in the territory, is 1836 meters above sea level and is composed of Mesozoic tuff lava. The northwest part is the Wuyi Mountains with NE trend, mostly composed of granite and volcanic rocks; it is the watershed of Minjiang River and Yangtze River system; the middle part is low mountains and hills, and Guangze Taolin is a big valley developed on the fault, which is the main farming area of Guangze county.
Guangze county belongs to the middle subtropical zone, which is relatively uniform, mild and humid in four seasons. The annual average temperature is 17.6 ℃, the January average temperature is 6.0 ℃, and the July average temperature is 27.8 ℃. The extreme maximum temperature is 39.7 ℃, and the extreme minimum temperature is - 9.5 ℃. The temperature in autumn is still higher than that in spring. The annual rainfall is 1864 mm, which is one of the counties in the rainy area of Wuyi Mountain. The frost free period is 271 days. The annual average cold wave is 3-4 times.
farming and forestry
Guangze county has 200000 mu of cultivated land, 2.78 million mu of mountainous land, 2.34 million mu of forest land, 77% of forest coverage, 10.63 million cubic meters of forest stock, 318000 mu of bamboo forest, which is the key forest area in southern China. The core of national Wuyishan Nature Reserve is located in Guangze, covering an area of 300000 mu, with 280000 mu. In Guangze, more than 150 kinds of rare animals and plants live in Chongshan dense forest, which can be called insect world and rare bird paradise, especially Snake source. The annual average temperature of the whole county is 17 ℃, and the climate is pleasant; the rivers are crisscross, and the water resources are extremely rich. The theoretical reserves of water energy are more than 200000 kilowatts, and the available development capacity is 100000 kilowatts; the mineral resources reserves are large, with more than 20 kinds of proven minerals, especially the granite reserves, and the geological reserves are 207 million cubic meters, of which the granite plate has three provincial and two national excellent products product
The main ore deposits of Guangze include granite, Yingchang mine, lead-zinc mine, naochang mine, kaolin, potassium feldspar, etc., especially granite (207 million cubic meters). The luster is rich in mineral water information, and the taste is comparable to Italian Lara mineral water. The mineral water with registered trademark includes Wuyi mineral water, shengnongshan spring, Xingyuan spring, yunufeng mineral water and Piaodai mineral water.
The water area in the territory is very developed, with a total of more than 300 streams, a river network density of 0.56 km / km2, and 28 rivers with a drainage area of more than 50 km2. The rivers in the county are divided into five water systems: Beixi, Xixi, futun, Xinjiang and Ganjiang. The average annual runoff of surface water in the county is 2.955 billion cubic meters, and the reserve of water resources is 206713 kW, of which the installed capacity is 72225 kW, the annual power generation is 242 million kwh, and the exploitable utilization coefficient is 35%.
By the end of 2019, the permanent resident population of Guangze county is 138000, an increase of 10000 over the end of last year. Among them, there are 66200 urban permanent residents, accounting for 48.0% of the total population (urbanization rate of permanent residents), which is 0.7 percentage point higher than that at the end of last year. In the whole year, there were 1725 births, with a birth rate of 12.5 ‰, 856 deaths, with a mortality rate of 6.2 ‰, and a natural growth rate of 6.3 ‰. At the end of the year, the registered residence population of the county was 162 thousand and 400, 800 fewer than the end of last year.
Guangze county is one of the national commodity grain base counties, provincial key forest counties and lotus seed production bases. Agricultural and sideline products are rice, tea (gankeng "tianzihao", wujunshan "laojunmei" tea is the top grade), mushrooms, dried bamboo shoots, sericulture, pine resin, paper, camellia seed, tung oil seed, Litsea cubeba, citrus, peach, chestnut, plum, waxberry, pear, freshwater fish. The industry includes machinery, chemical fertilizer, pharmacy, paper making, liquor making, needle spinning, forest chemical industry, building materials, metallurgy, etc. Specialty: Agkistrodon acutus wine and dried snake.
In 2019, the annual GDP of Guangze county was 11.453 billion yuan, an increase of 4.7% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 4.314 billion yuan, an increase of 1.0%; the added value of the secondary industry was 3.867 billion yuan, an increase of 9.9%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 3.272 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9%. The added value of the primary industry accounted for 37.7% of the GDP, the added value of the secondary industry accounted for 33.8%, and the added value of the tertiary industry accounted for 28.6%.
In 2019, the general public budget revenue of Guangze county is 681 million yuan, an increase of 6.3% over the previous year, including 453 million yuan of local level general public budget revenue, an increase of 0.9%. The proportion of tax revenue was 59.06%, up 0.74 percentage points. The total expenditure of the county's general public budget was 1.874 billion yuan, an increase of 15.4%. Among the local public budget revenue, the revenue of the State Administration of taxation was 276 million yuan, an increase of 3
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