The Ditan, also known as Fangze altar, is the second largest of the five altars in the ancient capital of Beijing. It is the place where the emperors of Ming and Qing Dynasties worship "the emperor's land is only God", and it is also the largest existing altar in China. Autumn is the most beautiful season of Ditan. The ginkgo trees in the garden are full of gold. Compared with the ginkgo Avenue in Diaoyutai, which is full of people, Ditan is less crowded. In addition, Ditan book market is an annual book festival in Beijing, which has a great influence on readers and has become a popular book culture festival in Beijing. Every Spring Festival, temple fairs will be held in Ditan.
Ditan Park, also known as Fangze altar, is the second largest of the five altars in the ancient capital of Beijing. Ditan Park is located in andingmenwai street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, covering an area of 37.4 hectares. The park was built in the ninth year of Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty (1530 AD). It is the place where emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties worship "the emperor's land is only God", and it is also the largest existing altar in China. Ditan Park has fangzetan, huangzhishi, pailou, zhaigong and other famous tourist attractions. In 1984, it was rated as a cultural relic protection unit in Beijing.
The ninth year of Jiajing
In May 1530, it was built in the northern suburbs. In November, the altar in the northern suburbs was named Ditan.
Ten years of Jiajing
In April 1531, fangzetan was completed. In May, Emperor Shizong of Ming Dynasty offered sacrifices to the emperor only in Fangze. This is the first sacrificial ceremony of Ditan.
Renxu in the seventh year of Qianlong
In 1742, ditanzhai palace was repaired.
The 14th year of Qianlong
In May 1749, the altar was repaired according to the order. The green glazed tile top of Huangzhi room and Fangze altar was changed to yellow tile, and the yellow glazed brick on the surface of Fangze altar was changed to white stone. Until the 17th year of Qianlong (1752), the formation of the shape has been preserved.
Gengshen in the fifth year of Jiaqing
In 1800, Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty was promoted to Fangze and rebuilt the Imperial Palace, the altar, the storehouse, the zhaigong and the archway.
Ten years of Xianfeng
In August 1860, during the second Opium War, the British and French allied forces gathered on the altar and demolished it to build a fort. This is the first time that the Ditan was plundered by imperialism.
Guiyou in the 12th year of Tongzhi
In 1873, Emperor Mu Zong of the Qing Dynasty was in charge of the government, saluted the emperor and rebuilt the imperial palace. This was the last renovation in the imperial era.
Ding Wei in the 33rd year of Guangxu
In May 1907, the lineage of Qingde saluted Fang Ze. This is the last time that the emperor personally worships. From 1531 to 1911, the Ming and Qing Dynasties consecutively used this altar for 381 years, which is the longest consecutively used altar in history.
In May 1918 (Wu Wu), Jing Zhaoyin petitioned the Ministry of internal affairs to allocate Ditan to organize Jing Zhaoyang Jiyuan.
In April 1919, Jing Zhaoyin set up the General Administration of agriculture and forestry in Ditan, and began to plant.
In the spring of 1925 (Yichou), Jing Zhaoyin Xue Dubi turned the Ditan into Jing Zhao park.
On August 2, 1925, Jingzhao park opened.
In the summer of 1928 (Wuchen), the name of Jingzhao was changed to Beiping special city. Jingzhao Park belongs to Beiping municipal government and is renamed citizen park. The Yangji academy and the agricultural and Forestry Experimental Farm are under the jurisdiction of Hebei Province.
In 1929, Beiping Municipal Bureau of works founded Ditan nursery.
In 1935 (Yihai), the public park was closed and still opened in the name of Ditan.
In June 1938 (Wuyin), the Japanese aggressors built the western suburb airport and distributed the houses and land in the Ditan to the poor for living and farming, so they stopped opening.
On July 1, 1949, the people's Government of Beiping City ordered that the agricultural and Forestry Experimental Farm under the construction bureau should be led by the government. The five nurseries of Zhonghuamen, Xijiao, dewaiditan and Ritan are still under the leadership of the Construction Bureau.
On November 18, 1956, Beijing Municipal Planning Bureau approved Ditan as green land, covering an area of 457 mu.
In 1957, the Municipal Bureau of landscape architecture took over the Ditan reconstruction Park, which was called "Ditan Park". More than 11000 trees have been planted since April 21.
At the beginning of 1958, Ditan nursery (75 mu) was changed into green space and merged into Ditan Park.
On May 21, 1964, the Municipal Bureau of culture replied to the Municipal Bureau of landscape architecture that the Ditan bell tower was in serious danger and could be demolished. On September 1, the landscaping business was decentralized and Dongcheng District took over Ditan Park.
In June 1973, the renovation of the South Hall of ditanzhai palace began. The project lasted four years and was completed in May 1977. The three main halls were renovated, and the stone railings of the West Hall were installed. The gate of the inner palace was demolished, and rockeries were piled up on the site.
On March 29, 1975, the green renewal project on both sides of the road from fangzetan to neitan north gate was completed, and 122 large-scale ginkgo biloba trees were planted.
On February 7, 1980, a military warehouse occupying fangzetan and huangzhishi moved out, and two groups of main buildings were returned to Ditan Park.
On March 15, 1981, fangzetan overhaul project started. It will be completed on December 16.
On February 1, 1982, the establishment committee of Dongcheng District approved the establishment of Ditan Park Management Office. On the 24th, Ditan Park Management Office was established.
On October 5, 1983, the overhaul of huangzhishi was started.
On May 2, 1984, tickets for Ditan Park opened. On May 24, the Beijing Municipal People's government announced it as a cultural relics protection unit in Beijing. In June, the overhauling project of Huangzhi room was completed.
On February 14, 1985, the first Ditan Spring Festival cultural Temple Fair opened for 13 days and ended on February 26, receiving 650000 visitors. This is the starting point of contemporary temple fair.
In 1987, the state invested in the restoration of ancient buildings.
On May 22, 1990, the restoration of Ditan archway started. It will be completed on August 30, and the anding Shenghui scenic spot will be built with the archway as the center.
At the beginning of November 1993, the door leaf of Lingxing gate of fangzetan was restored.
On September 25, 1999, the repair project of Shenma circle started. It will be completed on November 25. The residents of Shenma circle moved out in 1998.
On August 31, 2000, the clock tower reconstruction project started. It will be completed in November. The rebuilt bell tower is a two-story tower with double eaves and green glazed tiles. The original bronze bell hanging in the building is copied according to the original bell preserved in Dazhong temple. On the evening of December 31, a bell ringing ceremony was held to welcome the new century.
On May 30, 2002, the renovation project of Ditan wall began. The repair part is the east wall of neitan and the east section of the south wall. The wooden beam was replaced, the tile roof was restored, and the damaged wall was repaired and patched. It will be completed on September 10. On April 20, the demolition of Ditan neitan residents started. By September 20, all 61 households had moved out.
On October 29, 2004, the renovation project of Ditan ancient building started. Main projects: remove the cement brick floor in Fangze altar, restore the city brick sea plastering; glazed tile top with nail cap. The imperial chamber was overhauled and the damaged bricks were replaced. Check and repair the roofs of the main halls. The whole project was completed on September 1, 2005.
In May 2006, the State Council announced the Ditan as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
At present, there are 176 ancient trees in Ditan Park, including 89 first-class ancient trees and 87 second-class ancient trees. The tree species are Platycladus orientalis, Sabina chinensis, Sophora japonica, jujube, elm, Ginkgo biloba and Catalpa bungei. Most of the sites are distributed around fangzetan. Most of the ancient trees have been more than 300 years old. The ancient trees in the park are growing well and in various forms. They not only reflect the ancient and vigorous life of the park, but also show the indomitable vitality. The ancient tree community has become a unique landscape of the park. In particular, the one armed general cypress and the general cypress in our park have attracted many Chinese and foreign tourists. Over the years, Ditan Park has always attached great importance to the maintenance and management of ancient trees. Each ancient tree has its corresponding file records and is maintained by special personnel. In 2005, Ditan Park completed the rejuvenation project of ancient trees and carried out a thorough maintenance of the whole park, so as to ensure the healthy growth of ancient trees.
The most famous trees in the park are the one armed general cypress, the great general cypress and the old general cypress.
< I the above data as of 2015 < / I
Scenic spot landscape
The shenku was built in 1530, the ninth year of Jiajing reign of the Ming Dynasty. This group of small buildings is composed of four five bay suspended mountain style halls and two well pavilions. The main hall is called "shenku", which is the place where the Phoenix Pavilion (sedan chair carrying the throne of "huangdizhi"), the Dragon Pavilion (sedan chair carrying the throne of "huangdizhi") and the yuhuangzhi room are stored for temporary worship when they are repaired. The east side hall is called "sacrificial ware storehouse", which is a storehouse for storing utensils and utensils used for sacrifice. The west side hall is called "divine kitchen", which is a place for making sacrificial food. The South Hall is called "musical instrument library", which is a place for storing musical instruments and musical and dancing costumes used in sacrifice. The East and west well pavilions are specially designed to inject water into the inner canal of fangzetan and supply water to Shenchu. The South Hall and the two well Pavilion were built in the 14th year of Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty.
Slaughtering Pavilion is a place where animals (calves, pigs, sheep and deer) used for sacrifice are slaughtered in front of ancient royal sacrificial sites. At the beginning of the day before the sacrifice, the sacrificial ceremony was held here. Inside the door
Chinese PinYin : Di Tan Gong Yuan
Release Time:2022-01-29 10:06:44
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