Sweet Dew Temple
Ganlu temple is located in Beigu mountain on the Bank of the Yangtze River in Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province. Ganlu temple was built in the first year of Dongwu (256), so it is named. Liu Bei was famous for entering Wu to marry Sun Quan's younger sister during the Three Kingdoms period.
Ganlu temple, for thousands of years, has been visited by countless literati and poets. They are eager to show their talents, express their feelings on the spot, and have strong feelings. They have left many magnificent poems.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Liu Bei came to Ganlu temple to recruit relatives. When he saw Beigu mountain standing on the riverside, the water and sky were open, and the scenery was magnificent, he couldn't help exclaiming: "this is the best River and mountain in the world.".
The story of sun Liu's marriage has been handed down for thousands of years. Whether it is handed down by people or famous by people, the story of sun Liu's marriage has left a deep impression in Beigu mountain. Ganlu temple is located on the top of the back peak of Beigu mountain, so Beigu mountain has the saying of "Siguan mountain".
In Chapter 54 of the romance of the Three Kingdoms, the story of "seeing the bridegroom in the Tai Buddhist temple of Wu state, uncle Liu's bridal chamber and his wife" takes place here. After the battle of Chibi, Liu Bei refused to return Jingzhou in the Soochow Dynasty. Zhou Yu offered a trick to Sun Quan. Using his younger sister sun Shangxiang as bait, he set up a beauty trick to induce Liu Bei to come to Jingkou for marriage. He took the opportunity to take the hostage to return Jingzhou. Zhuge Liang made the marriage between sun and Liu come true, and made Soochow lose his wife and become a soldier. This is the story sung in Peking Opera.
Ganlu Temple recruits relatives and makes them come true. Liu Bei is a cheap girl. Sun Quan is dumb and eats Coptis chinensis. They know it by heart. On this day, when they were traveling together, Liu Bei saw a huge stone in the pool, so he pulled out his sword and prayed silently: "if I can return to Jingzhou and become a king, the stone under the sword will crack. If I die here, I can't cut the stone." When the sword fell, the stone cracked. Sun Quan was there and asked clearly. "Why does Xuande split this stone with his sword?" Liu Bei is naturally right and wrong. Sun Quan also pulled out his sword and cleaved to another stone. The sword fell and opened. Sun Quan asked what the divination was, but Liu Bei did not ask. They looked at each other, looked up at the sky and laughed, leaving behind the two broken stones. Later generations called them "sword testing stones".
There is a stone on the west side of duojinglou in Ganlu temple, which looks like a sheep but not a sheep. It is said that on the eve of the battle of Chibi, Liu Bei came to Jingkou and Sun Quan accompanied him on a tour of the iron urn city. Next to the stone on the back peak, they set up a alliance to fight against Cao. There is a path between two cliffs in the mountain, called liumajian.
Celebrities of all ages like to visit Beigu to express their feelings, especially Xin Qiji's poem "eternal encounter music · Beigu Pavilion in Jingkou" in Song Dynasty: "heroes can never find sun Zhongmou. The wind and rain always blow away the wind and rain. The setting sun, grass and trees, common alleys and alleys, and human beings once lived in jinu. Think of that year, the golden age and iron horse, gas swallow ten thousand li like a tiger. Yuanjia grass grass, fenglangjuxu, won the imperial North Gu. Forty three years ago, I still remember the beacon fire in Yangzhou road. But looking back, under the Buddha's ancestral temple, there is a drum of God crow society. Who can ask: are you old enough to eat
According to legend, one day Sun Quan and Liu Bei were drinking in the Ganlu temple, and the river was windy. When Liu Bei saw a boat on the river, he could not help admiring that "people in the south are good at boating, and people in the north are good at riding, so he believed it." When Sun Quan heard that he was not happy, he said to Liu Bei, "who said that people in the south are not good at riding." after that, he ordered him to lead the horse around. Sun Quan left his seat, got on the horse, and galloped down the mountain along Liuma stream. Liu Bei was unwilling to fall behind. He flew to chase after Sun Quan. This rock trail was named "Liuma stream" because of the story of sun and Liu's horse racing.
Beigu Pavilion, also known as Jijiang Pavilion, is located at the top of the back peak of Beigu mountain. It is said that after Liu Bei's westward expedition to Sichuan, Sun Quan pretended that his mother was ill and cheated sun Shangxiang to return to Wu. One day, Mrs. sun heard that Liu Bei was defeated and died in the army. She was very sad. She cried at Xiyao and died in the river. Later generations also called Beigu Pavilion "Jijiang Pavilion" in memory of Mrs. sun. Ganlu temple is famous for its iron tower. Ganlu temple tower, built in the Song Dynasty, has nine levels and eight sides, with exquisite shape. The original tower collapsed in the Ming Dynasty due to the tsunami, leaving only the lowest three floors. In 1960, when the Zhenjiang Cultural Management Association was repairing the tower of Ganlu temple, it found an underground palace three and a half feet away from the base of the tower.
In Ganlu temple, there is a rectangular stone box in the underground palace. There are small stones in the big stone box. More than 700 Buddhist relics have been excavated from the stone letters, and the number is unprecedented. One of the most precious is the 11 Sakyamuni Buddhist relics buried in a gold coffin and a silver coffin in a stone letter, which was later confirmed by scholars.
Luo Yin, a poet in the late Tang Dynasty, wrote a poem entitled "Shiyang in front of Miaoshan in Runzhou." the purple bearded sanggai ponders here, but the cruel stone still exists, and things can be found. The Han Ding is not in peace, and he talks about it. Although the Chu Dynasty is beautiful and willing to work together? " This proves that before the Tang Dynasty, the story of sun Liu united against Cao in Beigu mountain was widely spread. In 1205 ad, Xin Qiji, a great poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, ascended Beigu mountain to express his feelings, leaving an eternal masterpiece. "Where to look at China, you can see the beautiful Beigu building. The rise and fall of the ages are long. The Yangtze River is rolling. As a young man, the southeast war is not over. Who are the heroes in the world? Cao Liu. Having a son should be like sun Zhongmou. “
Nanshan is the general name of Zhaoyin mountain, Huanghe mountain, Jiashan mountain, Jiuhua Mountain and other mountains, covering an area of about 18 square kilometers (about 1800 hectares), with 73% forest coverage, more than 60 kinds of trees and more than 70 kinds of birds.
Nanshan scenic spot is 2.5km away from the city center, which is composed of Zhaoyin scenic spot, bamboo forest scenic spot, Helin scenic spot and Wenyuan. It is not only a National Forest Park, but also a famous provincial scenic spot. Mi Fu called it "urban mountain forest".
Since the Southern Dynasties, it has been welcomed by scholars of all ages: Xiao Tong, the prince of Zhaoming in Liang Dynasty, who compiled Zhaoming Wenxuan, Liu Xie, the author of Wenxindiaolong, Dai Jia, the famous artist, Su Dongpo, the great poet, Mi Fu and Mi Youren, who founded the "Mi Yunshan" painting school, have written and lingered here. Liu Yu, the founder of the Southern Song Dynasty, used to cut firewood and fish and sell straw sandals when he was young. There is no doubt that this is a treasure land of geomantic omen. Luo Binwang, Wang Changling, Kangxi, Qianlong and other hundreds of literati and emperors have left a chapter of praising Nanshan. It's really a pleasant place.
Ganlu temple tower, upgraded to the national cultural protection unit in 2013, is located in the southeast of the main peak of Beigu mountain. It was built by Li Deyu, the Duke of Wei, in the first year of Tang Baoli (825). It is a stone tower, formerly known as "Duke of Wei tower". It was recast as an iron tower in Song Dynasty. All of them are made of iron imitation wooden tower with a height of about 8 meters. Ganlu Temple Pagoda not only reflects the level of iron smelting and casting technology and Buddhist art in ancient China, but also reflects the inheritance of the essence of Chinese culture. It has important historical, scientific, cultural relics and Buddhist research value.
Stone tablet commemoration
To commemorate the martyrs who died during the Anti Japanese War, with the support of the Party branch and the state, Maoshan's memorial to the victory of the Anti Japanese war in southern Jiangsu was officially completed on September 1, 1995. The monument is 6 meters wide, 36 meters high, and Xumi is 3.13 meters high, implying that the Communist Party of Zhenjiang City has 313000 people; the monument is 28 meters high, implying that the first and second detachment of the New Fourth Army are from eight provinces in the South; in front of the monument, there are 317 steps, 16 meters wide, 50 steps in each group, implying the 50th anniversary of the victory of the Anti Japanese War; the six groups signify June, and the last 17 steps are on the 17th, implying that June 17th is the victory day of Weigang maiden battle of the New Fourth Army.
In May 1938, at the order of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the new fourth army moved eastward into the enemy's rear of Southern Jiangsu and established the Anti Japanese base in southern Jiangsu with Maoshan as the center. Under the leadership of Chen Yi, Zhang Dingcheng, Tan Zhenlin and Su Yu, 50000 brothers joined the army enthusiastically, fought more than 5000 bloody battles, killed and wounded more than 40000 enemies, and killed and captured 70000 soldiers and soldiers. Their meritorious achievements have been recorded in history.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the victory of the Anti Japanese War, this monument has never been forgotten. It was signed by Zhenjiang Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China and Jingli of Zhenjiang Municipal People's government.
Ganlu temple, built in the Tang Dynasty, was initially named qianshen temple, or "Yin Palace". During the reign of emperor Tianjian of Liang Dynasty (503-519), Tao Hongjing once settled here and practiced beside the "dragon pool". Jiangning palace of the Northern Song Dynasty was ordered to build a palace for Liu hunkang, which took nine years. It was completed in 1106, the fifth year of Chongning of Huizong of the Song Dynasty, and was named "Wanning palace of Yuanfu". In front of the mountain gate, there is a gate to see the stars, also known as the stone archway, which used to be the place where Taoists watched the stars and Qi.
Ganlu temple, the stone wall on the left and right of the door is engraved with "the eighth cave, the first blessed land" in blue block letters. There are Lingguan hall, stele Pavilion, Wanshou terrace, statue of Laozi, Taoist culture corridor and so on.
Address: Jiuhua Mountain Scenic Area, Qingyang County, Chizhou City
Ticket information: no ticket required.
Chinese PinYin : Gan Lu Si
Sweet Dew Temple
Black Dragon Pool. Hei Long Tan
Wangcha Village. Wang Cha Cun
Shiliang scenic spot. Shi Liang Jing Qu
Gurong tribe. Gu Rong Bu Luo
China silver first square. Zhong Guo Bai Yin Di Yi Fang
Memorial Hall of the advance team of the Red Army going north to resist Japan. Hong Jun1 Bei Shang Kang Ri Xian Qian Dui Ji Nian Guan
big lake. Da Hu
Fairy Lake (ximenco). Xian Nv Hu Xi Men Cuo
Love story Hall. Ai Qing Gu Shi Guan
Banling hot spring. Ban Ling Wen Quan
See off pine. Song Ke Song
BAGUAN mountain. Ba Guan Shan