The great wall of Qin Dynasty in the Warring States Period
The Qin and Han dynasties had a long-term confrontation with Xiongnu, which was located on the Mongolian grassland, and sometimes there were wars. In the reign of King Huiwen of Qin Dynasty, 25 cities of Yiqu were pulled out; in the reign of King Zhaowang of Qin Dynasty, Yiqu was attacked and destroyed, "so there were Longxi, Beidi and Shangjun in Qin Dynasty, and the Great Wall was built to reject Hu.". This is the great wall of Qin Dynasty in the northern part of Guyuan City.
Scale of the Great Wall
The great wall of Qin Dynasty in the Warring States period entered from Jingning County, Gansu Province, and entered Xiji County, Guyuan City, Ningxia. It went northward along the East Bank of Hulu river. After passing Dongpo, Baolin, and Mingrong villages of Jiangtai Township in Xiji County, it turned eastward at the southeast side of Jiangtai Township and entered the country
Malianchuan township; and along the northeast of malianchuan River, passing through Hongzhuang Township, passing through didigou, to the south of Sunjiazhuang, turning to the East, passing Haizi gorge, to the north of Wuzhuang, around changchengliang, Mingzhuang and Guozhuang, 10 miles northwest of Guyuan County, to the West Bank of Qingshui River. At that time, the Great Wall was divided into two parts: one started from Haibao, circled qiaowa, crossed Qingshui River, reached zhengjiamo, and then went down to chenjiashawo along the river bank, merged with the former great wall, then entered Dongshan of Guyuan, and entered Zhenyuan County of Gansu Province through Chengyang, Mengyuan and other cities.
In Baotou, in addition to the Zhao Great Wall built by King Wuling of Zhao in the earlier period, there is also a relatively complete section of the Qin Great Wall.
In 215 BC, Qin Shihuang sent General Meng Tian to attack Xiongnu with 300000 troops to take Henan Province. In order to prevent the invasion of northern nomads, he built the Great Wall from Sanbei (now Shanni County in Gansu Province) in the west to Liaodong county (now Liaoning Province) in the East. It extended from Ningxia to Inner Mongolia, from Langshan to the East, through xidoupu, Yinhao and damiaoxiang in the north of Guyang County in Baotou city It enters Wuchuan County and extends to Hebei Province through the east of Daqingshan.
The total length of the Qin Great Wall in Baotou city is about 120 kilometers, most of which are built on the northern slope of the mountains. The wall is built with rammed earth in the mountains, valleys, passes and plains. In the mountains, it is built with stone or earth rock mixture. Generally, the remains of the stone great wall are well preserved. The existing wall is generally more than 4 meters high, 4 meters wide at the base and 2 meters wide at the top. Standing high, you can still see the great wall up and down the mountain like a dragon. The ruins of ancient beacon fire and barrier city can be distinguished from each other. There are 8-9 ancient city sites inside and outside the Qin Great Wall in Baotou, among which pottery pieces from the state of Qin to the early western Han Dynasty can often be found.
Qin Great Wall not only has its own style in the construction method, but also has certain characteristics in the construction of defense facilities. Qin Great Wall is famous for its magnificent stone construction, which was used in Han Dynasty. It is not only a treasure of our Chinese nation, but also a miracle in the history of world architecture, but also a symbol of our glorious history and splendid culture.
After crossing the road from Mingzhuang, the inner city climbs up a small hill 5 kilometers northwest of Guyuan City, passes through Guozhuang and Shilipu, crosses the Qingshui River and reaches Shawo. The outer city forms an irregular bow back shape to the northwest, passing through qiaowa and Qingshui River, and then turns southeast to Shawo and the inner city. There is a sharp contrast between the inner city and the outer city. The inner city pier wall is tall, broad and complete. The city line is straight and majestic. The 8 km long inner city remains along the whole line are well preserved. Except for modern highways and a few gullies, the whole line is basically uninterrupted. There is a city pier every 200-230 meters. The outer city has been destroyed, most of which have been razed to the ground. Most of the remaining city piers are 2 to 3 meters high, and most of them can't see the city walls.
After passing Shawo, the Great Wall climbs up to cheng'er mountain, passes south of Yangwa, qiaojiagou in Zhongzhuang, goes up to Huangshui temple, wangjiayao Xian and Huangjiazhuang, and goes out of Guyuan County to the north of huangwan in Chuankou township of Pengyang County, jiangwa, Fengtai, Yangwa, Yaoxian qianwa, doupozi, Licha in Pengyang Township, yaowan, Baicha, Qiaoqu, Baima temple in Changcheng Township, Qijiazhuang, zhanggouquan, Xiaozhuang and Shiping in Chengyang township From Pengyang County to mengjiayuan in Zhenyuan County of Gansu Province, jiabaozi came out.
At the turning point between Qijiazhuang and Xiaozhuang, there is a section of the great wall which is more than 1km away from the main line of the great wall and extends to zhanggouquan village in the south. It shows that before the construction of the Great Wall, there was a systematic and careful geographical survey, and there were unified technical specifications in the construction. However, due to the division of labor between the two administrative regions, the construction of the two administrative regions was not completely synchronized. Therefore, the Great Wall turned to the northeast at 90 degrees. In Guyuan area, the great wall passes through Xiji, Guyuan and Pengyang counties, with a total length of 174 km.
The great wall of Qin Dynasty is not only a treasure of our Chinese nation, but also a miracle of architecture in the world. It is also a symbol of the splendid history and culture of our Chinese dialect. Today, although the wind and rain of history have eroded into the debris of the broken wall, it is still concentrated into a solid cultural accumulation with its boundless momentum and majestic magnificence. With its eternal desolation and solemn, it will stay in the history of Chinese civilization forever.
Address: Xiji County, Guyuan City
Chinese PinYin : Zhan Guo Qin Zhang Cheng
The great wall of Qin Dynasty in the Warring States Period
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