Daqing City, also known as oil city and city of lakes, is a prefecture level city in Heilongjiang Province, an important oil production and petrochemical industrial base in China approved by the State Council, and an important regional central city in the west of Heilongjiang Province. The city has 5 municipal districts, 3 counties and 1 autonomous counties, with a total area of 22161 square kilometers, with a permanent resident population of 3 million 200 thousand, a registered residence population of 2 million 720 thousand, a permanent resident population of 57.7%, and a registered residence population of 52.8%.
Daqing, located in Northeast China and southwest Heilongjiang, is a regional central city and third tier city of Harbin great wall city group. It is a demonstration city of service outsourcing in China and one of the first batch of pilot cities of safe development in China. It has won many awards such as national civilized city, National Health City, national environmental protection model city, National Garden City, and China's excellent eco-tourism City, and has been recognized as a leading city Known as the "green oil city, natural city of lakes, North hot spring town.".
Daqing is the largest petroleum and petrochemical base in China, the largest oilfield in China and the tenth largest oilfield in the world. It is a famous industrial city with petroleum and petrochemical as its pillar industries and one of the 19 member cities of the world energy city partnership. Daqing Oilfield has an oil-bearing area of more than 6000 square kilometers, with proven oil geological reserves of 6.7 billion tons. In 2018, it will produce 32.044 million tons of crude oil and 4.34 billion cubic meters of natural gas.
Ranked 55th in China's top 100 cities in 2017. In November 2017, the review confirmed that the honorary title of national civilized city will continue to be retained.. In November 2018, it was selected into the top 100 of the overall well-off index of Chinese cities. In 2019, 70 years after the founding of new China and 60 years after the discovery of Daqing Oilfield.
Daqing area was a hunting ground of duerbert banner in Zhelimu League in the early Qing Dynasty.
When the tsarist Russia built the Middle East Railway in 1898, Sartu station was established here.
In 1904, it began to open up wasteland for reclamation, and the number of villages gradually increased.
In 1906 (the 32nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), an Da Fu Min government was set up in the people's town of Anda. In 1913, it was changed into anda county.
Sartu was changed to Xingren town in Manchukuo.
In 1946, the original name of Sartu was restored.
In 1947, the people's democratic regime established several pastures in the area of Sartu, which were merged into red grassland pastures in 1955.
In 1955, Songliao Petroleum Exploration Bureau began to drill oil resources in Datong area of Anda county.
On September 25, 1959, shortly before the 10th anniversary of the founding of new China, industrial oil flow was found in the continental sediments of Songliao Basin in Northeast China.
On September 26th, 1959, the Songji No.3 well near Gaotaizi in the north of Datong spewed out industrial oil flow, so the oilfield was named Daqing.
On May 26, 1960, anda county was abolished and Anda City (prefecture level) was set up. The people's Committee of Anda City was located in Anda town and subordinate to the Songhuajiang district.
In October 1960, the command organ of Songliao oil battle was moved to Saertu.
On June 23, 1964, Anda City was abolished, anda county was restored, and anda special zone was established, still known as Anda City.
On December 14, 1979, Anda City was renamed Daqing City, which was directly under the central government of Heilongjiang Province.
Daqing governs 5 municipal districts, 3 counties and 1 Autonomous County, including Saertu District, Longfeng District, Ranghulu District, Honggang District, Datong District, Zhaozhou County, Zhaoyuan County, Lindian county and duerbert Mongolian Autonomous County. In addition, Daqing high tech Industrial Development Zone has a national high tech Industrial Development Zone. Daqing Municipal People's government is located at No. 15, Dongfeng Road, Saertu district.
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Sartu district covers a total area of 549 square kilometers. The total population is 320000. It has jurisdiction over 9 streets: Saertu street, Tieren street, Youyi street, Fuqiang street, Yongjun street, Huizhan street, Huoju street, Dongfeng Street and Dong'an street. The district government is located in Dong'an street.
Longfeng District covers a total area of 510 square kilometers. The total population is 180000. It has jurisdiction over 6 streets and 1 town: Longfeng street, Xinghua street, wolitun street, Dongguang street, Sanyong street, liming street and Longfeng town. The district government is located in Longfeng street.
The total area of Ranghulu District is 1394 square kilometers. The total population is 450000. It has jurisdiction over 6 streets and 1 town: Longgang street, yinlang street, toudou street, Qingxin street, Xibin street, Chengfeng street and Lamadian town. The district government is located in feidou street.
Honggang district covers a total area of 812 square kilometers. The total population is 130000. It has jurisdiction over 5 streets and 1 town: Honggang street, babailong street, Xingnan street, Jiefang street, Chuangye street and Xingshugang town. The district government is located in Honggang street.
Datong District covers a total area of 2235 square kilometers. The total population is 250000. It has jurisdiction over 3 streets, 4 towns and 4 townships: Qingpu street, Lizhi street, Xinhua Street, Datong town (street), Gaotaizi town (street), Taiyangsheng Town, Linyuan town (street), Zhusan Township, laoshantou Township, bajingzi Township and Shuangyushu township. The district government is located in Datong town.
Zhaozhou County covers a total area of 2445 square kilometers. The total population is 460000. It has jurisdiction over 6 towns and 6 townships: Zhaozhou Town, Yongle Town, fengle town, Chaoyang ditch town, Xingcheng Town, Erjing Town, shuangfa Town, Tuogu Town, Chaoyang Town, Yongsheng Town, Yushu town and Xinfu town. The county government is located in Zhaozhou town.
Zhaoyuan County has a total area of 4198 square kilometers. The total population is 470000. It has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 8 townships (including 3 ethnic townships): Zhaoyuan Town, Sanzhan Town, erzhan Town, maoxing Town, Gulong Town, Xinzhan Town, Toutai Town, guqia Town, Fuxing Township, mentotai Township, Heping Township, Chaodeng Mongolian Township, Mingmin Township, Yishun Mongolian Township, Haode Mongolian Township and Daxing Township. The county government is located in Zhaoyuan town.
The total area of Lindian county is 3591 square kilometers. The total population is 270000. It has jurisdiction over 4 towns and 4 townships: Lindian Town, Hongqi Town, Huayuan Town, Sijiqing Town, Dongxing Township, Hongwei Township, Sanhe Township and Sihe township. The county government is located in Lindian town.
Duerbert Mongolian Autonomous County covers a total area of 6427 square kilometers. The total population is 260000. It has jurisdiction over 5 towns and 6 townships: Taikang Town, hujitumo Town, yantongtun Town, Talaha Town, Lianhuanhu Town, Yixin Township, keltai Township, aolinxibo Township, Bayanchagan Township, Yaoxin Township and Jiangwan township. The county government is in duelbert.
Daqing city is located in the west of Heilongjiang Province and the north of the central depression of Songliao basin. The urban area is located between 45 ° 46 'to 46 ° 55' n and 124 ° 19 'to 125 ° 12' e, connecting Suihua area in the East, Jilin Province across the Songhua River in the south, and Qiqihar City in the West and North. Binzhou railway passes through the city center, 159 kilometers away from Harbin in the southeast and 139 kilometers away from Qiqihar in the northwest. Daqing has a total area of 21219 square kilometers, including 5107 square kilometers of urban area, and 207 square kilometers of built-up area by the end of 2010. climate
Daqing city is located in the north temperate continental monsoon climate zone, affected by Mongolia inland cold air and Ocean warm current monsoon, the general characteristics are: cold and snow in winter; more monsoon in spring and autumn. The frost free period of the whole year is short. Rain and heat in the same season, is conducive to the growth of crops and pasture.
Daqing has sufficient light, less precipitation, long and cold winter, cool summer and autumn. The annual average temperature of Daqing city is 4.2 ℃, the average temperature of the coldest month is - 18.5 ℃, and the extreme minimum temperature is - 39.2 ℃; the average temperature of the hottest month is 23.3 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 39.8 ℃, and the average annual frost free period is 143 days; the average annual wind speed is 3.8m/s, and the number of wind days with grade 6 or above is 30 days; the annual precipitation is 427.5mm, the annual evaporation is 1635mm, the annual dryness is 1.2, and the continent degree is 78.9; the annual sunshine hours is 2726 hours, and the annual temperature is too high The total solar radiation was 491.4kj/cm2.
Because it is located in the temperate monsoon climate, affected by both the temperate and monsoon, the annual climate of Daqing city is changeable, with the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. Under the control of continental cold high pressure, northerly wind prevails in winter, with cold and less snow and severe heat shortage; under the influence of Subtropical Ocean air mass, southerly wind prevails in summer, with dry and hot in early summer, concentrated and variable precipitation in late summer, and frequent droughts and floods; spring and autumn are transitional seasons, with changeable cold and warm in spring, drought and windy, with wind borrowing from drought, drought helping wind power and severe water shortage; autumn is rich The temperature in spring is higher than that in autumn, and the rain in spring is less than that in autumn.
The climate of Daqing city is far more affected by the continent than by the ocean. The land factors play a decisive role in the formation of climate. The continental degree k of Daqing city is between 76.2 and 81.0 (far more than 50), which is a typical continental climate. Due to the continental climate and monsoon alternation, the temperature rises and falls frequently and violently in the process of warming in spring and cooling in autumn; at the same time, due to the number of sunny days, the temperature difference between day and night is large.
The annual sunshine hours are 2600-2900 hours, and the sunshine hours of growing period (may September) are 1300-1350 hours.
The annual precipitation is between 400 and 550 mm, and the precipitation in the growing period is generally between 350 and 480 mm, accounting for more than 85% of the annual precipitation.
Daqing city has 292700 hectares of natural water surface, and the water source comes from Nenjiang River, Songhua River and natural precipitation. The length of Nenjiang River is 260.9 kilometers, the annual runoff is more than 30 billion cubic meters, and the irrigation area is 249800 hectares. The Songhua River flows through the territory with a length of 128.6 kilometers and an annual runoff of 27.28 billion cubic meters
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