Fushun, a prefecture level city in Liaoning Province, is an important industrial base in Liaoning Province and a vice central city of Shenyang Economic Zone. It is located in the east of Liaoning Province, bordering Jilin Province in the East, 45 kilometers from Shenyang City in the west, Tieling in the north and Benxi in the south. The geographical coordinates are 123 ° 55 'e and 41 ° 52' n. Fushun has an average altitude of 80 meters. It is located in the middle temperate zone and has a continental monsoon climate. The urban area is located on the alluvial plain of Hunhe River, surrounded by mountains on three sides. It has jurisdiction over four municipal districts and three counties, with a total area of 11271.03 square kilometers and a total population of 2.067 million.
Fushun City has two railways and two expressways. Fushun is the birthplace of Qing Dynasty, the second hometown of Lei Feng and the birthplace of Lei Feng spirit. Fushun is located in the aftervein of Changbai Mountain, which is high in the southeast and low in the northwest. It is an important water source protection area in Liaoning Province and an important old industrial base in China. It is known as the "coal capital" in history. Fushun is the happiest city in China, an excellent tourist city in China and a national forest city.
In 2019, Fushun's GDP will reach 84.71 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.6% at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 5.65 billion yuan, the same as that of the same period last year; the added value of the secondary industry was 41.79 billion yuan, down 6.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 37.27 billion yuan, down 0.8%. The proportion of added value of three industries in GDP is 6.7:49.3:44.
The origin of place names
In 1384, Fushun City was built at the southern foot of Gaoer mountain in Fushun, and named Fushun. Fushun got its name from it.
History of construction
In the Warring States period, Fushun belonged to Liaodong County of Yan state.
Qin, Qin Xiyan system.
In the early Han Dynasty, the western area of Fushun belonged to Houcheng County of Liaodong County, and the northern area belonged to Gaoxian County of Liaodong county. Yuanfeng three years (108 BC) home xuantu county. In the fifth year of the first Yuan Dynasty (82 BC), xuantu County moved to Yongling in Xinbin county. In 112, Houcheng county was changed into xuantu County, and Fushun County was still Houcheng county. In the first year of Chuping (190), gongsundu ruled Liaodong, and Fushun was still xuantu County of Gongsun regime.
In 239, Fushun was under xuantu Prefecture.
In the early Jin Dynasty, there were still prefectures, and Fushun was still xuantu prefecture (Houcheng county was abolished). In the first year of Yongkang (300 years), Fushun was transformed into the Koguryo regime.
In the first year of Tang Shengli (668), it set up an Dongdu Hufu and Xincheng Prefecture Dudu Fu in Xincheng, which was subordinate to antondu Hufu and Fushun. In 698, dazorong established the Bohai State. Today, Qingyuan and Xinbin counties are the western border of Bohai State. Today, the urban area of Fushun and the central and western areas of Fushun county still belong to Anton Dufu and Xincheng Dufu.
In the first year of Emperor Taizong's Tianxian reign (926), guidezhou was set up under the jurisdiction of two counties, guide and Fengde. In Jin Dynasty, Fengde county was abolished, Fengji county was added, and guide Prefecture was attached to Dongjing road.
Yuan, abandoned your Dezhou, set your Dezhou inspection department, Li Shenyang road.
In Ming Dynasty, Fushun belonged to Shenyang Wei, the commander of Liaodong Wei. In the 44th year of Wanli (1616), Nurhachi was called Khan, and the state name was Jin (later Jin in History). Fushun City was the territory of zhenghuang banner.
In 1657, fengtianfu was set up and Fushun was subordinate to fengtianfu. Kangxi three years (1664), set Chengde County, the jurisdiction of today's Shenyang, Fushun area. In the first year of Guangxu (1875), Fushun was divided into two parts: the East was Xingjing hall, and the West was Chengde County. In 1902, Xingren county (Fushun County) was set up in the east of Chengde County. In 1908, Xingren county was changed into Fushun County.
The first year of the Republic of China (1912), Fushun Li Fengtian province east road.
In 1929, Fengtian province was changed to Liaoning Province. Fushun county belongs to Liaoning Province.
In 1946, Fushun City and Fushun County were established under the jurisdiction of Liaoning Province.
In 1947, Fushun City was abolished and merged into Fushun County.
In 1948, Shenfu county was abolished and Fushun City and Fushun County were established, both of which were subordinate to Anton province.
In 1949, Fushun was a municipality directly under the Northeast administrative committee.
In 1953, Fushun became a municipality directly under the central government.
In 1954, Liaodong province and Liaoxi province were abolished and merged into Liaoning Province. Fushun City is under the jurisdiction of Liaoning Province.
In 1956, Xinbin and Qingyuan were assigned to Tieling Commissioner's office.
In 1958, Xinbin and Qingyuan were transformed into Fushun City.
In 1961, Fushun County was rebuilt.
In 1964, Xinbin and Qingyuan were under the jurisdiction of Shenyang High Commissioner's office.
In 1965, Xinbin and Qingyuan returned to Fushun City.
By 2020, Fushun City has four districts and three counties: Xinfu District, Wanghua District, Dongzhou District, Shuncheng District, Fushun County, Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County and Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County. Fushun Municipal People's government is located at 23 Linjiang East Road, Shuncheng district.
Fushun City is located in the East and north of Liaoning Province, connecting Dongfeng County of Liaoyuan City, Meihekou City, Liuhe County and Tonghua County of Tonghua City in the East; Sujiatun District, shenbeixin district and Hunnan District of Shenyang City in the West; Tieling County, Kaiyuan city and Xifeng County of Tieling City in the North; Xihu District, Benxi Manchu Autonomous County and Huanren Manchu Autonomous County of Benxi City in the south. It is between 123 ° 39 ′ 42 "~ 125 ° 28 ′ 58" E and 41 ° 14 ′ 10 "~ 42 ° 28 ′ 32" n. It is 151 kilometers long from east to west and 138 kilometers wide from north to south, with a total land area of 11271.03 square kilometers.
Fushun area is located in the north margin of North China platform, the west of Tieling Jingyu ancient uplift, the Taizihe ancient depression in the South and the West fold belt of mengheihai sea in the north, which is in the position of long-term uplift in geological history. The geological structure belongs to the eastward extension of Yinshan East-West complex structural belt and the junction zone of Changbai Mountain, the second huge uplift belt of Xinhua Xia system. The geological structure is complex, and the structure is divided into East-West structure, that is, Xinhua Xia structure, mountain shaped structure, NW structure and South-North structure.
Fushun belongs to huabeitai anticline area. Hunhe fault is the northern extension of Tanlu fault, which runs across the city in east-west direction. Taking Hunhe fault as the boundary, Hunhe North belongs to Tieling Qingyuan uplift, Hunhe South belongs to Fushun Xinbin uplift, and Hunhe South uplift is larger, and basement rocks are widely exposed. Therefore, the geomorphic features of Fushun are as follows: Based on mountains, Hun River Valley running through the area as the skeleton, natural landscape of mountains, river beds and valleys intertwined with numerous Intermountain valleys as the network, and geomorphic types of low hills and narrow valley plains with high southeast and low northwest and uneven middle zone.
Fushun is located in the middle latitude zone, which is a typical monsoon climate. In winter, under the control of Mongolian high pressure, polar continental air mass prevails. In summer, the tropical pacific air mass and equatorial air mass are prevalent due to the influence of continental low and Pacific subtropical high. Spring and autumn are transitional seasons. In winter, it is located between the Aleutian low and the Mongolian high, close to the North Branch of the jet stream at high altitude, in front of the upper ridge, and the airflow often flows from north to west. Therefore, northerly wind prevails both on the ground and at high altitude, and the temperature is very low. In spring, it is often affected by cyclones coming from the west, and the wind is mostly southwesterly, and the rainfall begins to increase. In addition, due to the eastward movement of the high altitude trough, it was blocked after passing Lake Baikal, resulting in the cold air southward, resulting in the cold weather in late spring in the cost area. In summer, there are more southwest wind or southeast wind, hot and rainy in this area, sometimes affected by typhoons going northward, which causes a heavy rain in this area every year. Affected by the cold air in Siberia, early frost appears in late September.
There are 110 rivers more than 10 kilometers in Fushun City, including 13 rivers such as Hun River, Huifa River, Qinghe River, Chaihe River, Taizi River and Fuer river with a drainage area of more than 200 square kilometers.
In 2016, the total amount of water resources in Fushun City was 3.945 billion cubic meters, an increase of 28.9% over the multi-year average of 3.060 billion cubic meters, and an increase of 102.2% over 1.951 billion cubic meters in 2015. Among them, the amount of surface water resources is 3.908 billion cubic meters, equivalent to an annual runoff depth of 346.7 mm, an increase of 103.8% over the previous year's 1.918 billion cubic meters, and an increase of 28.4% over the multi-year average of 3.044 billion cubic meters. The amount of groundwater resources is 806.6 million cubic meters, including 788.4 million cubic meters in hilly areas, 2294 million cubic meters in plain areas, and 0481 million cubic meters in plain and hilly areas. The repeated calculation amount of surface water and groundwater is 769.6 million cubic meters.
Fushun belongs to Changbai flora and North China plant community. There are 266 species of woody plants belonging to 95 genera and 43 families, 712 species of wild herbs belonging to 35 genera and 90 families. Among them, there are nearly 300 species of wild plants with high economic value, and 24 species of rare, endangered, endangered and threatened plants. The main representative tree species of flora are Korean pine, Abies mongolica, Larix olgensis, Juglans mandshurica, Tilia amurensis, Fraxinus mandshurica, Populus davidiana, Betula platyphylla, Betula platyphylla, Acer mono, etc.
The representative shrub species are Corylus heterophyllus, Lespedeza, Acer negundo, acanthopanax senticosus, Lonicera oblongata, etc. The representative herbaceous species are Carex ramosissima, Dryopteris crassima, eggplant, Equisetum, etc.; the main vegetation types are Larix olgensis forest, Larix kaempferi forest, Korean pine forest, Korean pine broad-leaved mixed forest, Quercus mongolica forest, Quercus liaotungensis forest, Betula platyphylla forest, Populus davidiana forest, color wood forest, miscellaneous wood forest, etc. There are 226 species of road wildlife, including
Chinese PinYin : Liao Ning Sheng Fu Shun Shi
Fushun City, Liaoning Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:17:45
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