Baishan City is a prefecture level city in Jilin Province. It is located in the west of Changbai Mountain in Jilin Province, adjacent to Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in the East, Tonghua in the west, Jilin in the north, Huishan city across Yalu River in the south, two municipal districts, one county-level city, two counties and one Autonomous County. It is located in the hinterland of Changbai Mountain, with Changbai lava platform and Jingyu lava platform covering most of the territory, The Longgang mountains and the old ridge range across the whole territory; it belongs to the continental monsoon climate of the north temperate zone; the total area is 17485 square kilometers; in 2019, the total population of Baishan City registered residence was 1 million 165 thousand, which decreased by 15 thousand and 900 compared with the same period last year.
Baishan City is one of the main timber producing areas in China. 60% of Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve is located in Baishan City. Primeval forest provides the conditions for the reproduction of wild animals and plants. It is the hometown of ginseng, mink and antler. There are Baishan reservoir area of Songhua River and Yunfeng reservoir area of Yalu River. In July 1994, the Ministry of forestry approved the establishment of a national forest tourism area in Baishan City.
In 2018, Baishan's GDP will reach 66.17 billion yuan. Among them, the primary industry was 5.31 billion yuan, the secondary industry was 29.849 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry was 31.008 billion yuan. The annual per capita GDP was 55694 yuan. On October 9, 2020, it was awarded the title of the fourth batch of national ecological civilization construction demonstration cities and counties by the Ministry of ecological environment.
In the Neolithic age, there were human activities in Baishan,
The state of Yan was under the jurisdiction of Erlonghu ancient city and Zhenfan barrier fortress. And built Liaodong County Jilin Yan Great Wall.
In the 25th year of the reign of the king of Qin (222 BC), this place belonged to Liaodong foreign trade center.
In the third year of Yuanfeng (108 BC), Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty set up xuantu county to control the southeast of Jilin Province. It belongs to Zhenfan county and xuantu County successively. This is the beginning of Jilin area into the Central Plains Dynasty administrative construction.
The Eastern Han Dynasty belongs to Koguryo.
From the end of Han Dynasty to the beginning of Cao Wei Dynasty, it belonged to Gongsun Dudong state.
The Three Kingdoms belong to Koguryo. Zhengshi three years (242 years), Wei Youzhou Governor Wu Qiujian discuss Gaogouli, the local re belongs to xuantu county.
Jin is Koguryo. Kangdi Jianyuan first year (343 years), the local Yan (former Yan). In the fifth year of gongtaihe (370), the former Qin Dynasty destroyed the former Yan, and the local government returned to the former Qin Dynasty. In 404, Gaogouli invaded Eastern Liaoning province again and returned to Gaogouli.
The southern and Northern dynasties belong to Koguryo.
Sui belongs to Korea.
The early Tang Dynasty belongs to Koguryo. In 668, the first year of Emperor Gaozong's general chapter, the Tang Dynasty destroyed Korea, and it belonged to Anton's Prefecture and Gewu's Prefecture.
Xuanzong Kaiyuan first year (713), the local Bohai State. And in today's Baishan City, Linjiang is located in shenlu County, which is the seat of Shenzhou. Yizong Xiantong 14 years (873), set Yalu River House in shenlu, Xijing Fu Guo, leading Shenzhou (now Linjiang city), Huanzhou (now Ji'an County), Fengzhou (now Fusong County), Zhengzhou (now Tonghua City).
At the beginning of the Five Dynasties, he returned to the Bohai Sea. The first year of Tianxian (926).
Liao destroyed Bohai Sea and rebuilt Dongdan state. After that, Bohai immigrants set up Ding'an state with today's Baishan City as the center.
The early Song Dynasty belongs to Ding'an state. In 982, Taizong of Song Dynasty merged into Liao Dynasty.
Liao belongs to Tokyo road. In today's Linjiang home Luzhou in Yalu River military envoy. Linghongwen, Shenxiang county (now Baishan City), Huanzhou (now Ji'an County), Zhengzhou (now Tonghua City) and muzhou (now Liuhe County).
Jin is the place where Tokyo road is located.
Yuan Dynasty is under the jurisdiction of Shenyang Road, Liaoning Province.
The Ming Dynasty belonged to nurgan capital, jianzhouwei and Changbaishan temple. In the 19th year of Wanli (1591), it was merged by Nurhachi.
In the early Qing Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Jilin vice capital. In 1902, at the request of Shengjing general Zengqi and Tianfu Yin Yuheng, the Qing government designated the eastern part of Tonghua County as Mt. Mao'er, with the county name of Linjiang, which is under the jurisdiction of Jilin vice capital. Badaojiang county was set as Tonghua County (Linjiang County in 1908). Guangxu 33 years (1907), the abolition of the general system, the implementation of the Northeast provincial system, local Fengtian province, still under the jurisdiction of Xingjing department. In May of the first year of Xuantong (1909), Lin Changhai and other officers were set up in Linjiang county. Lingchangbai and Hailong, Linjiang County, Tonghua County and Ji'an County.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, it still followed the system of the Qing Dynasty. In 1913, five roads were set up in Fengtian province, including East, West, South, North and middle roads. Baishan area belongs to the East Road of Fengtian province. In 1915, Badaojiang was changed into Badaojiang auxiliary Bureau. In 1934, < I > (the period of northeast occupied) < / I > changed to the puppet Anton province. In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), it belonged to the puppet Tonghua province. In 1945, after the restoration of the motherland, it was under the jurisdiction of Tonghua special office of Anton province. In 1946, it was transferred to Liaoning Province.
The people's Republic of China belongs to Liaodong province at the beginning. On August 20, 1954, it belonged to Jilin Province and Tonghua area. On March 23, 1959, Jilin provincial Party committee approved the abolition of Linjiang county and the establishment of Hunjiang city. On January 7, 1960, the State Council approved Hunjiang municipal government to be stationed in Badaojiang Town, which is subordinate to Tonghua area.
On February 4, 1985, the State Council approved the abolition of Tonghua District, implementing the system of city Governing County, and dividing Tonghua district. Tonghua Prefecture governs Tonghua and Hunjiang county-level cities, which are upgraded to prefecture level cities.
On September 8, 1986, the State Council approved the establishment of Badaojiang District, Linjiang district and Sanchazi District of Hunjiang city.
On January 31, 1994, the State Council approved the renaming of Hunjiang city to Baishan City. In April, Hunjiang city was officially renamed Baishan City, which governs Linjiang City, Jingyu County, Fusong County, Changbai County, Sanchazi district and Badaojiang district. The municipal Party committee and municipal government are stationed in Badaojiang district.
Baishan City governs six county-level administrative regions, including two municipal districts, one county-level city, two counties and one Autonomous County, namely Hunjiang District, Jiangyuan District, Linjiang City, Jingyu County, Fusong County and Changbai Korean Autonomous County. Baishan Municipal People's government is located at 3766 Changbaishan street, Hunjiang district.
Baishan City is located on the west side of Changbai Mountain in the southeast of Jilin Province, with beautiful natural scenery, 126 ° 7 'e to 128 ° 18', 41 ° 21 'n to 42 ° 48'. It is adjacent to Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in the East, Tonghua City in the west, Jilin City in the north and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea across the Yalu River in the south. It is 180 km from east to west, 163 km from north to south, 454 km in length, covering an area of 17485 square kilometers, and 1388 square kilometers in urban area.
Baishan City is located in the hinterland of Changbai Mountain, where there are many peaks, continuous ups and downs, crisscross valleys and crisscross rivers. Changbai lava platform and Jingyu lava platform cover most of the territory, and Longgang mountains and Laoling mountains obliquely run through the whole territory. Longgang mountains are 800-1200 meters above sea level, with a relative height of 500-700 meters; Laoling mountains are tall, with an altitude of 1000-1300 meters, with a relative height of 500-800 meters. The topography along the Yalu River fluctuates greatly, the valley is deeply cut, and the terrain is steep. Baiyun peak, the highest peak of Changbai Mountain, is 2691 meters above sea level, the highest peak in Northeast China; pizhoukouzi, the lowest point in Jingyu County, is 279.3 meters above sea level.
Baishan City has developed water system and dense rivers. There are 432 rivers in Baishan City. Among them, there are 14 rivers with a basin area of more than 500 square kilometers and 41 rivers with a basin area of 100-500 square kilometers. The average annual flow is 7.150 billion cubic meters, accounting for about 20% of the total water resources in Jilin Province. There are more than 20 large rivers, including Yalu River, Hun River, toudao Songhua River, Erdao Songhua River, Songjiang River, Lushui River, 23daogou River, shiwudaogou River, Toudaogou River, Erdaogou River, Sandaogou River, qidaogou River, hongtuya River, Tanghe River and Shitou River, which are divided into four major river basins: Yalu River, Hunjiang River, toudao Songhua River and Erdao Songhua River.
Baishan City belongs to the north temperate continental monsoon climate, which is the coldest area in Jilin Province. In spring, the temperature difference between day and night is large; in summer, it is short, warm and rainy; in autumn, it is cool and sunny; in winter, it is long, dry and cold. The annual average temperature in the urban area is 4.6 ℃, the historical maximum temperature in summer is 36.5 ℃, the historical minimum temperature in winter is - 42.2 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 883.4 mm, the sunshine hours are 2259 hours, and the frost free period is 140 days.
There are more than 350 species of wild animals in Baishan City, including 37 species of rare animals and animals, such as Amur tiger, brown bear, red deer, lynx and Swertia deer, which are protected by the state.
There are more than 2300 kinds of wild plants in Baishan City, including more than 1500 kinds of economic plants, including more than 900 kinds of medicinal plants such as ginseng, Ganoderma lucidum, Rhodiola sachalinensis, acanthopanax senticosus, Gastrodia elata and evening primrose, more than 200 kinds of aromatic plants such as Syringa oblata, lily of the Valley, Noctiluca and Magnolia tiannvarum, and more than 200 kinds of green edible plants such as agaric, mountain celery, fern, Osmunda, pine seed and mushroom.
More than 100 kinds of metallic and non-metallic minerals such as coal, iron ore, quartz sand, silica, talc, diatomite, bentonite, gypsum, crystal pumice, volcanic slag, marble, kaolinite, agate, lead, zinc, copper, magnesium, gold, antimony, silver and phosphorus have been found in Baishan City, accounting for 73% of the minerals found in Jilin Province. As of 2013, there are more than 36 kinds of proven reserves in Baishan City, with large mineral reserves. The diatomite products in Linjiang city are exported to the Asia Pacific region, and Jiangyuan district and Badaojiang district are listed in the national list
Chinese PinYin : Ji Lin Sheng Bai Shan Shi
Baishan City, Jilin Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:18:05
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