Xinzhou City, a prefecture level city in Shanxi Province, was called "Xiurong" in ancient times, or "Xin" for short. Located in the north central part of Shanxi Province, it is adjacent to the Great Wall, Datong and Shuozhou in the north, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia across the Yellow River in the west, Taihang and Hebei in the East, and Taiyuan, Yangquan and Luliang in the south, with a total area of 2515 square kilometers.
Xinzhou City has Wutai Mountain, the holy land of Buddhism, Yanmen pass, the first pass of jiusai, and other well-known tourist attractions, as well as "the hometown of wrestling", "the hometown of Bayin", "the capital of coarse cereals", "the model city of double support", "China's top 100 cities of tourism investment competitiveness", "Dai County, the national famous historical and cultural city" and "China's best demonstration city of ecological leisure tourism" And "National Smart City". In June 2017, Xinzhou was named the national health city. On December 13, 2018, it was selected into the list of agricultural products advantage areas with Chinese characteristics. On October 10, 2020, it will be selected as a national civilized city.
By the end of 2018, Xinzhou City has one municipal district, one county-level city, 12 counties, and another scenic spot with a permanent resident population of 3.172 million, realizing a GDP of 98.91 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry is 6.96 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 47.71 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry is 44.24 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP is 31209 yuan, calculated according to the average exchange rate in 2018 That's $4714.
The origin of the name
It is said that emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty went north to fight against Xiongnu, and his troops were trapped in Pingcheng (today's Datong). When he got rid of the encirclement, the army withdrew to the South and got rid of the pursuit at Xinkou. Gaozu broke his sorrow and laughed, and the six armies were happy to return. Because "Xin" was connected with "Xin", the name of Xinzhou came into being.
History of construction
There were human activities in Xinzhou in the Neolithic age.
In the spring and Autumn period, most of Xinzhou belonged to Jin.
The Warring States period belonged to Zhao Dynasty.
The Qin and Han Dynasties belonged to Taiyuan, Yanmen, Taiping and other counties.
In 215, Xinxing County was established in Jiuyuan county.
In the Wei Dynasty of the Three Kingdoms, Yanmen county was moved to Guangwu county from today's Shuozhou City, so it was ruled in today's county.
In Yuankang of the Western Jin Dynasty, Xinxing County was changed into Jinchang county.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties, in the early years of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Silu county was established. In the Northern Qi Dynasty, Yongan, Yongding, Xin'an, Jian'an, Guang'an, Guangning, Shenwu, Qi and tujing counties were abolished, Wuzhou was changed into Beiling Prefecture, xunwai was changed into Beixian Prefecture. Fanshi, Taiping County and Beixian prefecture were abolished in the Northern Zhou Dynasty. In the first year of Xiangxiang (579), Sizhou government moved to the present county.
In the first year of kaihuang (581), Xinxing County was restored.
In 618, Xinxing County was changed to Xinzhou, Yanmen county to daizhou, and the capital was established.
In the Five Dynasties, Wuzhou was changed to Yizhou in the later Tang Dynasty and then abolished. In the northern Han Dynasty, Baoxing army was set up in Fanshi County, and Ninghua army and Gujun army were set up in Ningwu County in 952. In the first year of Zhou Xiande's reign (954), the frontier army was set up in Yanmen County, so it was ruled in the county of the modern Dynasty and abandoned.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Ninghua army and Baoxing army were abolished. In 979, the army was abolished. In 980, Kelan army was restored in langu county and Ninghua army was restored in Ninghua county. In 981, jingle army was set up in Jingle county.
In 1040, Wuzhai county was restored to Wuzhou and Pianguan county to ningbian.
It was abolished in 1070 and restored in 1077. In the fifth year of Zhenghe (1115), Xianzhou was changed into Fenyuan county.
In 1128, the Zhenwu army was set up in Yanmen county. In 1151, Fenyuan county was changed into Guanzhou. In 1182, Kelan army, Baode army, volcanic army and Ninghua army were all promoted to prefectures.
Yuan Taizu 14 years (1219) promoted the county as a state, so governance in today's Yuanping City. In 1221, the 16th year of emperor Taizu of the Yuan Dynasty, Kelan Prefecture was abolished, and Ninghua Prefecture was incorporated into Guanzhou. In the second year of the Yuan Dynasty (1265), Suzhou was abandoned to baodezhou. In 1338, ningbian Prefecture was abandoned into Wuzhou.
In the second year of Hongwu (1369) of Ming Dynasty, Wuzhou was abolished, and the four states of Gu, Dai, Jian and Tai were changed into four counties of Gu, Dai, Fanshi and Wutai. In the third year, Guanzhou was changed into jingle County, and in the seventh year, baodezhou was changed into Baode county. In 1487, yanmendao was set up in daizhou. In the middle age of Jiajing, Yanmen road was changed to Yanping Road, which was abandoned in the late Ming Dynasty.
In 1671, Yanping Road was restored. Yongzheng two years (1724) Sheng Xin, Dai, Baode three prefectures for Zhili Prefecture. At the end of Qing Dynasty, Yanping Road was abandoned.
The state was abolished in the early years of the Republic of China. It belongs to Yanmen Road, and then to the first and second office of Shanxi respectively.
In 1949, Xinxian district was set up and the special office was stationed in Xinxian County, with jurisdiction over Xinxian County, Daixian County, Ningwu County, jingle County, Wutai County, Dingxiang County, Fanshi County, Guxian county and Yangqu county. In 1952, Xing County, Baode County, Hequ County, Pianguan County, Shenchi County, Wuzhai County, Kelan County, Lanxian county and other eight counties of the former Xing county special area were included in Xin County special area. At the end of 1958, Xinxian district and Yanbei District merged into Jinbei district. In 1961, Xinxian district was established, and the special office was located in Xinxian. Xinding County, Ningwu County, Yuanping County, Fanshi County, Wutai County, jingle County, Xingxian County, Hequ County, Wuzhai County, Baode County, Pianguan county and other 11 counties belong to the former Jinbei district. Six counties, including Xin County, Dingxiang County, Dai County, Lan county (Zhudong Village), Kelan county and Shenchi County, were restored and Xinding county was abolished. Xin county has jurisdiction over 16 counties. In 1970, Xinxian district was renamed Xinxian District, which was located in Xinxian. In 1971, Xing county and Lan county were assigned to Lvliang area, and Xin county area had jurisdiction over 14 counties.
In 1983, Xinxian district was changed into Xinzhou District, Xinxian county was changed into Xinzhou City, and the regional administrative office was located in Xinzhou City. In 1993, Yuanping county was changed into Yuanping City. Xinzhou Prefecture governs 12 counties of Daixian, Fanshi, Wutai, Dingxiang, jingle, Kelan, Baode, Wuzhai, Hequ, Pianguan, Shenchi and Ningwu, and two cities of Xinzhou and Yuanping.
In 2000, with the approval of the State Council, Xinzhou Prefecture and county level Xinzhou City were abolished and prefecture level Xinzhou City was established. The municipal government is stationed in Xinfu District. Xinfu District is set up in Xinzhou City, and the former county-level administrative region of Xinzhou City is the administrative region of Xinfu District.
On June 16, 2019, the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fourth People's Congress of Xinzhou City listened to and deliberated on the report of the Municipal People's Government on the determination of Xinzhou City trees and flowers. The meeting decided that "Guohuai" was the city tree of Xinzhou, and "clove" was the city flower of Xinzhou.
In September 1949, nine counties under the jurisdiction of Xin County were Xin County, Dingxiang County, Yangqu County, Daixian County, Fanshi County, Gu County, Wutai County, jingle county and Ningwu County; eight counties under the jurisdiction of Xing county were Xing County, Lan county, Kelan County, Wuzhai County, Baode County, Hequ County, Pianguan county and Shenchi county. In June 1952, the Xingxian County Commissioner's office was abolished, and eight counties including Xingxian County under its jurisdiction were put under the Xinxian County special office. In the first half of 1954, each county abolished the organizational system of some districts and established towns. In April 1956, the organizational system of all districts was abolished and the township system was implemented.
In the autumn of 1958, the people's commune system of integrating government and society was implemented in all counties, and the scope of commune was equivalent to that of the original towns. At the beginning, the commune was under the jurisdiction of the management area, which was under the jurisdiction of the production team. In December 1958, all the counties in the territory belonged to Jinbei special office after the merger of Xin county and Yanbei special office. Gu County was renamed Yuanping County, Xin county and Dingxiang County were merged into Xinding County; Dai County and Fanshi county were merged into Fanshi County; Shenchi County, Kelan county and Wuzhai county were merged into Wuzhai County; jingle county and Lan county were merged into jingle County; Hequ County, Baode county and Pianguan county were merged into Hequ County. From July 1959 to April 1961, Xinxian, Dingxiang, Daixian, Fanshi, Hequ, Baode, Pianguan, Shenchi, Xingxian, Wuzhai, Kelan, jingle and Lanxian were restored to their original system. In September 1961, Jinbei special office was abolished and divided into Xinxian and Yanbei special offices. Xinxian special office has jurisdiction over Xinxian, Yuanping, Dingxiang, Wutai, Daixian, Fanshi, Ningwu, Shenchi, Wuzhai, Kelan, Baode, Hequ, Pianguan, jingle, Xingxian and Lanxian, totally 16 counties. After 1961, the commune was under the jurisdiction of the production brigade, and the production brigade was under the jurisdiction of the production brigade.
In April 1967, Xinxian District Revolutionary Committee was established. In September 1969, it was changed into Xin county regional Revolutionary Committee.
In April 1971, Loufan of jingle county was set up in Loufan County, which was under the jurisdiction of Luliang special office (later Taiyuan City). Xingxian county and Lanxian County belong to Luliang area. In May 1978, Xinxian District Revolutionary Committee was abolished and Xinxian district administrative office was established. In July 1983, Xin county was changed into Xinzhou City, which was renamed Xinzhou District administrative office. In June 1993, Yuanping county was renamed Yuanping City. In August 1984, the social team system was abolished in each county, and the township system was implemented again. The production team was changed into villagers' committee, and the production team into villagers' group. According to the needs of economic development and tourism development, Xinzhou District administrative office established Xinzhou economic and Technological Development Zone in September 1992 and Wutai County scenic area government in August 25, 1989.
In January 2001, Xinzhou was set up as a city by withdrawing land, and the provincial agency became a local government. Xinzhou City (county level) is renamed Xinfu District. Xinzhou now has one district, one city, 12 counties and two provincial economic development zones, namely Wutai Mountain scenic spot, Xinzhou and Yuanping. 1 District: Xinfu District, 1 city: Yuanping City, 12 counties: Dingxiang, Wutai, Daixian, Fanshi, Ningwu, jingle, Shenchi, Wuzhai, Kelan, Hequ, Baode, Pianguan. There are 6 sub district offices and 185 townships (59 townships and 126 townships) in the city. 4888 administrative villages. The municipal government is located in Xinfu District.
Current situation of regionalization
As of 2018, Xinzhou City has 1 municipal district, 1 county-level city, 12 counties, and another 1
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Xin Zhou Shi
Xinzhou City, Shanxi Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:17:22
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