Luzhou, formerly known as "Jiangyang", also known as Jiucheng and Jiangcheng, is a prefecture level city in Sichuan Province, a national regional central city, a regional central city at the junction of Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan and Guizhou, a central city in the south wing of Chengdu Chongqing dual city economic circle, an important trade and logistics center, and an important port city in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. By 2019, Luzhou has four counties and three districts, covering an area of 12232.34 square kilometers, with a permanent resident population of 4.3294 million and an urban permanent resident population of 2.251 million, with an urbanization rate of 52.00%.
Luzhou is a famous historical and cultural city with more than 2000 years of history and culture. In the Western Han Dynasty, it was established as the Marquis state of Jiangyang. In the Datong years of Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, Luzhou was established. In the Song Dynasty, Luzhou was an important city in Southwest China. In the Ming Dynasty, it was one of the 33 commercial metropolises in China. It has formed five characteristic tourism resources represented by famous wine culture, ecological culture, red culture, historical culture and Yangtze River culture; it has 7 national 4A scenic spots, 6 national 3A scenic spots and 9 National 2A scenic spots.
Luzhou is the second largest container terminal in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River and the third largest airport in Sichuan. It is also the third batch of new comprehensive urbanization pilot area and cross border e-commerce comprehensive trial area. The world-class Baijiu industrial base is a national food industry base, a recycling chemical base, a clean energy production base, and a national high-performance hydraulic component. Technology industrialization base, one of the nine national construction machinery production bases.
It has won the United Nations best example award for improving the living environment (Dubai Award), top 100 cities in China's municipal development of people's livelihood, National Health City, China's excellent tourism city, National Forest City, National Garden City, national civilized city, national water ecological civilization city, etc.
Luzhou was named "Lushui theory", which was called Jiangyang in ancient times. During the reign of Liang Datong (535-546) in the Southern Dynasty, Luzhou was set up as Lingjiang Yangjun. Jiangyang county leaders: Jiangyang county (governing today's Jiangyang District), Han'an county (governing today's nadukou town of Naxi District), mianshui county (governing today's north of Changning County), and anleshu county (governing today's Hejiang town of Hejiang county). The state and county govern today's Jiangyang district.
In Xia and Shang Dynasties, it belonged to Liangzhou.
In the fifth year of King Shenliang of Zhou Dynasty (316 BC), Qin Dynasty destroyed Ba and Shu. In the same year, Ba County and Shu county were set up. Ba County had jurisdiction over Jiangyang, and then Jiangyang county was dealt with at the intersection of Tuojiang River and Yangtze River.
In the sixth year of emperor Jing of the Western Han Dynasty (151 BC), Sujia was granted the title of Marquis of Jiangyang, and Jiangyang county was set up at the intersection of the Yangtze River and Tuojiang River (now Jiangyang District of Luzhou City). In the sixth year of Jianyuan (135 BC), Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty developed the southwest minority areas, established Qianwei county and led Jiangyang county. In 213, Emperor Xian of the Eastern Han Dynasty set up Jiangyang county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, Jiangyang county was still established. Jiangyang county belongs to Yizhou, under the jurisdiction of Jiangyang County, Fu County, Jiang'an county.
In the Southern Dynasties, Liu Song and Southern Qi set up Dongjiang Yangjun. Luzhou was built in the Datong period of Nanliang (535-546). Luzhou governs one county, namely Jiangyang County, and three counties, namely Jiangyang County, Jiang'an County, and mianshui county.
In the third year of Daye (607) of Sui Dynasty, Luzhou was changed into Luchuan County, and renshouzhong was promoted to Luzhou governor's office. Change Jiangyang county to Luchuan county and make it Luchuan Prefecture. Luchuan County governs Luchuan County, Fushi County, Jiang'an County, Hejiang county and mianshui county.
In 618, Tang Wude was restored to Luzhou, in 620, the general manager's office, and in 621, the governor's office. Luzhou governs Luchuan County, Fuyi County, Jiang'an County, Hejiang county and mianshui county.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Luchuan County of Luzhou set up the luzhuan army.
In 1170, the sixth year of Qiandao in the Southern Song Dynasty, Tongchuan Fulu moved to Luzhou. Luzhou shengben road pacifier.
At the end of Song Dynasty, Luzhou was changed to jiang'an-chuan, belonging to Tongchuan road. It has jurisdiction over Luchuan County, Jiang'an County, Hejiang county and Naxi county.
During the song and Yuan Dynasties, the Mongolian army entered Sichuan, and Luzhou city was successively moved to Hejiang Rongshan, Jiangan sanjiangqi, and Hejiang Anle mountain. Finally, it was built in Hejiang shenbi cliff, and it persisted in resisting the Yuan Dynasty for 35 years.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Jiang'an county was changed to Luzhou, and Luchuan county was abandoned to Luzhou. It was changed to Chongqing Road, Sichuan Province, with jurisdiction over Jiang'an County, Hejiang county and Naxi county.
In the sixth year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1376), Luzhou was promoted to Zhili Prefecture, which was subordinate to xingzhongshu Province in Sichuan Province. It has jurisdiction over Jiang'an County, Naxi county and Hejiang county.
In 1727, Yongning, north of Bijie, Guizhou Province, was assigned to Sichuan Province. In 1802, Yongning road in southern Sichuan was set up in Luzhou (renamed xiachuannan road in 1908).
At the beginning of the Republic of China, Luzhou was changed into Luxian County, which belonged to Yongning Dao and was governed by Yongning Dao, and separated from Jiang'an, Naxi and Hejiang counties. In 1935, the seventh administrative supervision district was set up.
In 1949, the CPC southern Sichuan District Committee was established in Zigong. In January 1950, the southern Sichuan district committee moved to Luxian county and established the southern Sichuan people's Administrative Office (provincial level, cancelled in August 1952). On December 1, 1949, Xuyong was liberated; on December 2, Gulin was liberated; on December 3, Luxian, Hejiang and Naxi were liberated. On May 5, the people's Liberation Committee of Luxian county was established to carry out the daily work of the county government. On the 13th, the Luxian County Committee of the CPC and the Luxian people's government were established.
On January 17, 1950, a special district of Luxian county was set up, with jurisdiction over Luxian County, Naxi County, Hejiang County, Longchang County, Fushun County, Xuyong County, Gulin county and Gusong county.
In December 1949, Luxian County Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was set up. In September 1950, it was renamed Luxian County Office of the Commissioner, belonging to the administrative district of southern Sichuan. On July 10, with the approval of the Central People's government, Luzhou city was established in Luxian County, the CPC Luzhou Municipal Committee was established at the end of the same month, and the Luzhou Municipal People's government was formally established on August 15. Luxian County special office is located in Luzhou City, with jurisdiction over Luxian county (small towns in Luzhou City), Hejiang County, Gulin County, Xuyong County, Gusong County, Naxi County, Fushun County and Longchang County.
In March 1952, the special office of Luxian county was moved to Longchang County, which was renamed Longchang special district and later led by Sichuan Province. In December of the same year, after the special office moved to Luzhou, it was renamed Luzhou special zone. Luzhou City, originally under the jurisdiction of southern Sichuan Administration, is under the jurisdiction of Luzhou district. It has jurisdiction over one city and eight counties. In 1952, the enclave of Shuitian Township, Weixin County, Yunnan Province was assigned to Gulin County, Sichuan Province.
On January 12, 1953, Luzhou city was under the leadership of Luzhou special office and was the seat of the office of the Commissioner. (in 1953, Luzhou city was changed into a city under the jurisdiction of a province and entrusted to Luzhou special administration.)
In 1960, Gusong county was abolished and merged into Xuyong county. On July 14, the State Council approved the cancellation of Luzhou special zone, and its cities and counties were classified as Yibin special zone.
On March 3, 1983, the State Council approved the establishment of Luzhou City under the jurisdiction of the province, and Luzhou, Naxi and Hejiang counties under the jurisdiction of Shizhong District.
On June 4, 1985, the State Council decided to put Xuyong county and Gulin County under the jurisdiction of Luzhou city.
On July 1, 1996, the administrative divisions of Luzhou City were adjusted, including Jiangyang District, Longmatan District, Naxi District, Luxian County, Hejiang County, Xuyong county and Gulin county. The municipal government was stationed in dashanping, Jiangyang District, Luzhou city.
By the end of 2018, the city has 10 townships, 111 towns and 23 sub district offices. Among the 10 townships, there are 8 minority townships, including 6 Miao townships and 2 Yi townships.
In March 2018, the provincial people's Government approved Longmatan district to abolish texing town and establish texing sub district office; Gulin county to abolish Guihua Township and Huangjing Township and merge Huangjing town to establish Huangjing Town, and Shuikou Town was renamed Maoxi town. The administrative area of the city is 12232.34 square kilometers.
Luzhou is located in the southeast of Sichuan Province, bordering Chongqing and Guizhou in the East, Guizhou in the south, Yunnan and Yibin and Zigong in Sichuan in the west, Neijiang and Chongqing in Sichuan in the north. The city is located in the southern edge of Sichuan Basin, at the intersection of Yongning River, Chishui River, Tuojiang River and Yangtze River. The geographical coordinates are between 27 ° 39 ′ - 29 ° 20 ′ N and 105 ° 8 ′ - 106 ° 28 ′ E. It is 184.84 km long from north to South and 121.64 km wide from east to west, 221 km east to Chongqing and 268 km north to Chengdu. The city covers an area of 12232.34 square kilometers.
Luzhou is a typical mountainous city with 56.14% of the total area. The basic outline of the surface morphology of Luzhou is mainly composed of high low mountains (500-1000m above sea level) and middle mountains (1000-1902m above sea level). With the middle Yangtze River Valley as the lowest center, it gradually rises to the north and south sides. The lowest elevation of the Yangtze River Valley is 203 meters (on the river surface of Guanqiao village in Hejiang Lujiao country), which is the center of geomorphic erosion base level and runoff convergence on the north and south banks of Luzhou area. The highest on the north bank is Mt. Wanshou, with an altitude of 757.7 meters; the highest on the south bank is Mt. Muyu, luohanlin, Xuyong, with an altitude of 1902 meters. The north and south banks are asymmetric saddle shaped with an elevation difference of more than 1000 meters. In addition, the similarities and differences between the two sides lie in the fact that the south of the two sides is close to the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, mainly in the low and middle mountains, and the mountains are compact with few flat land, and the height of the two sides rises by 1902 meters step by step. The north bank is the gently inclined plain of Sichuan Basin. Except for the local low mountains such as bodaoling, Gufo mountain and Longguan mountain, most of them are gentle hills and wide valleys, and the increasing rate of height is small, showing the landscape of flat domain, fertile fields and fields.
Luzhou city is a subtropical humid climate zone, with obvious three-dimensional climate in the southern mountainous area. High temperature, sufficient sunshine, abundant rainfall, four distinct seasons, long frost free period, temperature, light and water in the same season, monsoon climate is obvious, warm in spring and autumn, hot in summer, not too cold in winter. However, affected by the topography of Sichuan Basin, Luzhou City has thunderstorms in summer, continuous rainy weather and light fog weather in winter, and little gale in the whole year, mostly 0-2 M / s breeze. In 2016, the temperature in Luzhou was on the high side and the precipitation was more
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Lu Zhou Shi
Luzhou City, Sichuan Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:21:55
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