Jingdezhen, also known as "porcelain capital", is a prefecture level city in Jiangxi Province. It is located in the northeast of Jiangxi Province, bordering Anhui Province in the northwest, Wannian County in the south, Poyang County in the west, Qimen County in Anhui Province in the northeast and Wuyuan County in the southeast. It is between 116 ° 57 ′ - 117 ° 42 ′ E and 28 ° 44 ′ - 29 ° 56 ′ n, with a total area of 5256 square kilometers.
Jingdezhen is the porcelain capital of the world and the cradle of China's helicopter industry. It is one of the first batch of 24 famous historical and cultural cities announced by the State Council and a national class a open area. During the period of the Republic of China, it was once known as the four famous towns in China together with Foshan in Guangdong, Hankou in Hubei and Zhuxian in Henan.
In 2018, the permanent resident population of Jingdezhen was 1673213. In 2019, Jingdezhen has jurisdiction over two municipal districts, one county-level city and one county, with a GDP of 92.611 billion yuan, an increase of 7.8% over the previous year, ranking seventh in the province. By industry, the added value of the primary industry was 6.131 billion yuan, an increase of 3.1%; the added value of the secondary industry was 40.956 billion yuan, an increase of 7.9%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 45.523 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
Jingdezhen City, the spring and Autumn period is the eastern territory of Chu.
Qin for Jiujiang County fan county.
Han belongs to Poyang County, Yuzhang county.
The Eastern Jin Dynasty was called Xinping town.
Tang Wude four years (621), home Xinping County, Xinping town belongs to, in the south of Changjiang River, also known as Changnan town. Wude eight years (625 years), withdraw the county. Kaiyuan four years (716), restoration, governance in Xinchang River Estuary, so called Xinchang County. Tianbao first year (742), renamed Fuliang. The town is subordinate to Xinchang and Fuliang County.
In the first year of Jingde, Emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty (1004), Jingdezhen was established in the name of the emperor's year because of its excellent quality of blue and white porcelain.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Fuliang County was once promoted to a state, and the town was a state.
In the Ming Dynasty, the state was renamed County, and since then Jingdezhen has been administratively under the jurisdiction of a county.
In 1916, Fuliang County moved from the old city (now Fuliang County) to Jingdezhen. In 1927-1929, Jingdezhen was once established as Jingde city. From 1930 to 1934, the Communist Party of China established the Soviet regime and organization in Jingdezhen. In 1935, the office of the inspector general of the fifth administrative region of Jiangxi Province moved from Poyang County to Jingdezhen. Jingdezhen became the political, economic, cultural and military center of Northeast Jiangxi. After the outbreak of the Anti Japanese War (Japan called the second Sino Japanese War), the Kuomintang and the Communist Party re cooperated. In 1938, the New Fourth Army Office of the Communist Party of China was set up in Jingdezhen, and a left behind office was set up in Yaoli in the northern mountainous area.
On April 29, 1949, Jingdezhen and Fuliang County were liberated, and Jingdezhen and Fuliang County were divided into two cities. On May 4, Jingdezhen Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China and Jingdezhen Municipal People's government were established, which successively belonged to the Northeast Jiangxi administrative office, Shangrao District, Leping district and Fuliang district.
In June 1953, with the approval of the State Council of the people's Republic of China, Jingdezhen was a city under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi Province.
In 1960, the organizational system of Fuliang County was abolished, and its administrative region was included in the city.
In 1983, the State Council of the people's Republic of China approved the division of Leping County into the jurisdiction of Jingdezhen City, and the two administrative regions of Yushan and Hetang in Poyang County into the jurisdiction of Jingdezhen city.
In 1985, Leping county and four districts of Zhushan, Changjiang, Ehu and Jiaotan were under the jurisdiction of the city.
In 1988, with the approval of the State Council, the organizational system of Fuliang County was restored and the Ehu and Jiaotan districts were abolished. In September 1992, Leping county was replaced by a county-level city.
In 2009, Jingdezhen governs Leping City, Fuliang County, Zhushan district and Changjiang district.
In 2019, Jingdezhen will be under the jurisdiction of two municipal districts, one county-level city and one county. Jingdezhen Municipal People's government is located at No. 666, CIDU Avenue, Changjiang district.
Jingdezhen city is located in the northeast of Jiangxi Province, in the transition zone between Huangshan Mountain, huaiyushan mountain and Poyang Lake Plain. It borders on Dongzhi County in Anhui Province in the northwest, Wannian County in the south, Poyang County in the west, Qimen County in Anhui Province in the northeast and Wuyuan County in the southeast, with a total area of 5256 square kilometers between 116 ° 57 ′ - 117 ° 42 ′ E and 28 ° 44 ′ - 29 ° 56 ′ n.
Jingdezhen is a hilly area, located in the transition zone between Huangshan Mountain, huaiyushan mountain and Poyang Lake Plain. It is a typical red soil hilly area in the south of the Yangtze River. The average altitude in the urban area is 32 meters, and the terrain inclines from northeast to southwest. The northeast and northwest are mountainous. The highest peak is located in the provincial boundary area bordering Xiuning, Anhui Province, with an altitude of 1618 meters.
Jingdezhen has a subtropical monsoon climate with abundant sunshine, abundant rainfall, mild and humid climate and four distinct seasons. According to the latest meteorological data from 1981 to 2010, the annual average temperature of Jingdezhen city is 17.8 ℃, and the annual average rainfall is 1805mm. Since the meteorological records, the extreme maximum temperature is 41.8 ℃ (August 29, 1967), and the extreme minimum temperature is - 10.9 ℃ (January 13, 1963). The climate of Jingdezhen is changeable in spring, sometimes cold and sometimes warm. At the turn of spring and summer, there are often cold and warm air flows in the territory, and the rain is continuous. During the Meiyu period in the previous summer, the rainfall is concentrated, heavy and rainstorm is frequent. The annual average precipitation in May, June and July is 200-350 mm, which is very easy to cause flood disasters. After the plum blossom, it is mostly controlled by the subtropical high, and the weather is hot and the humidity is high, which makes people feel stuffy In winter, it is often affected by cold high pressure in Siberia (or Mongolia), with northerly wind prevailing and cold weather.
General situation of hydrology
Changjiang is the largest river flowing through Jingdezhen city. Xihe and Nanhe are its important tributaries, which flow into Changjiang in Jingdezhen city.
Changjiang River originates from the mountainous area at the junction of Jiangxi Province and Anhui Province, and flows into Poyang Lake from north to south. In history, Changjiang used to be the most important channel for Jingdezhen's external transportation.
The mountainous area of Jingdezhen city is characterized by abundant forest resources with a forest coverage rate of 70%. The main vegetation types are subtropical evergreen broad-leaved trees, including Cunninghamia lanceolata, Pinus massoniana, Pinus elliottii, Castanopsis sclerophylla, Castanopsis eyrei, Castanopsis fargesii, Quercus, Liquidambar formosana, camphor tree, Schima superba, Phyllostachys pubescens, etc. There are many national key protected tree species, such as Taxus chinensis var. mairei, Ginkgo biloba, Phoebe bournei, Phoebe fortunei, Cephalotaxus fortunei, Solidago septempunctata, etc. more than 39000 ancient and famous trees have been registered and listed for protection, including more than 80 ancient and famous trees and more than 30000 trees.
Jingdezhen has more than 20 species of national class I and II protected animals of the people's Republic of China, of which 4 species are national class I protected animals, including clouded leopard, leopard, black muntjac and white necked long tailed pheasant; the national class II protected animals include macaque, macaque, pangolin, black bear, big civet, little civet, Silver Pheasant, mandarin duck, red bellied pheasant, etc.
The main mineral resources in Jingdezhen include porcelain stone, kaolin, coal mine, tungsten mine, placer gold, copper mine, fluorite, sulfur, limestone, marble, etc., especially porcelain stone, kaolin and coal. The kaolin in Jingdezhen has an influence in the international ceramic industry, and the coal resources are also very rich, which is one of the three major coal producing areas in Jiangxi Province. Kaolin is the most important raw material of ceramic industry. The quality of kaolin produced in Jingdezhen is very good. The Jingdezhen porcelain produced with kaolin once represented the high-end level and high-quality of Chinese ceramic products, affecting China and even the world. Kaolin, the internationally accepted scientific name of kaolin, comes from the Gaoling mountain near Gaoling village, Ehu Town, the northern mountain area of Jingdezhen. The coal resources of Jingdezhen are mainly distributed in Leping City.
By the end of 2018, the total permanent population of Jingdezhen was 1673213, an increase of 8312 over the end of last year, of which 1120049 were urban permanent residents, accounting for 66.94% of the total population (urbanization rate of permanent residents), an increase of 0.99% over the end of last year. The rate of urbanization of registered residence population is 49.22%, which is 0.03% higher than that of the previous year. There were 22532 births, with a birth rate of 13.50 ‰, 9881 deaths, with a mortality rate of 5.92 ‰, and a natural growth rate of 7.58 ‰.
Municipal Party committee
Secretary: Zhong Zhisheng
Deputy secretaries: Liu Feng, Wang Qianhu
Standing committee members: Zhong Zhisheng, Liu Feng, Wang Qianhu, Wu Jun, Dong Lixin, Cao Xiongtai, Huang Jinlong, sun Anmin, Liu Chaoyang, Liu Ruiying, Shen Shuishui, Wang Hongyun
Mayor and party secretary of the municipal government: Liu Feng
Vice mayor and Deputy Secretary of the Party group of the municipal government: Huang Jinlong
Deputy mayor and member of the Party group of the municipal government: Shen Shuishui
Xiong Hao, vice mayor of the municipal government
Zhang Lianghua, vice mayor and member of the Party group of the municipal government
Vice mayor and member of the Party group of the municipal government: Sun Xin
Vice mayor and member of the Party group of the municipal government: Xu Yaochun
Zou Yongsheng, vice mayor and member of the Party group of the municipal government
Member of the Party group of the municipal government: Zhang Weihan
(as of April 2020) < / I >
In 2019, Jingdezhen's GDP will reach 92.611 billion yuan, an increase of 7.8% over the previous year, ranking seventh in the province. By industry, the added value of the primary industry was 6.131 billion yuan, an increase of 3.1%; the added value of the secondary industry was 40.956 billion yuan, an increase of 7.9%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 45.523 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%.
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Jing De Zhen Shi
Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:19:31
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