Chuzhou City, Chuzhou City for short, is a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Anhui Province. It is located in the easternmost part of Anhui Province and the border area between Jiangsu and Anhui. From southeast to northeast, it is adjacent to Nanjing City, Yangzhou City and Huai'an City of Jiangsu Province, and from north to West to southwest, it is adjacent to Bengbu City, Huainan City and Hefei city of Anhui Province, with a total area of 13398 square kilometers. It has jurisdiction over Langya District, Nanqiao District, Quanjiao County, Lai'an county, Dingyuan county and Fengyang County, and two county-level cities of Tianchang City and Mingguang City, as well as Chuzhou economic and Technological Development Zone and Suzhou Chuzhou modern industrial park. In 2019, the permanent population will be 4.147 million.
Chuzhou was known as Tuzhong, Qingliu and Xinchang in ancient times. As early as the pre Qin period, it was the place of Tangyi. There were towns in the Three Kingdoms. In the Southern Dynasty, Chuzhou was founded. In the Sui Dynasty, Chuzhou began to be known as Chuzhou. Because Chuhe River (tushui) runs through the territory and "Tu" connects with "Chu", it is named "Chuzhou". In December 1992, with the approval of the State Council, Chuzhou City, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Chuxian Prefecture and prefecture, was abolished and Chuzhou City, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of province, was established. It has been known as "Jinling keylock and Jianghuai security" since ancient times. Chuzhou City, which spans the Yangtze River and Huaihe river basins, has a humid monsoon climate in the north subtropical zone. It has four distinct seasons, obvious monsoon, humid climate and hot rain in the same season.
Chuzhou is one of the 27 cities in the central area of the Yangtze River Delta, the North Wing city of the national Wanjiang demonstration area, the important transportation hub city in the Yangtze Huaihe region, the new industrial development base on the North Bank of the Yangtze River, the development base of non-metallic mineral resources, the first electronic information industry base in Anhui Province, and the tourism, leisure and vacation base in the Yangtze River Delta. It is also an important city connecting Nanjing metropolitan area and Hefei metropolitan area As an important central city, it is a demonstration city of "three products" strategy of consumer goods industry.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Wu and Wei fought against each other, and Jianghuai was the place of war. Although there are Dongyang, Dongcheng, Yinling, Zhongli, huailing, Xuyi and other counties in the territory, they are mostly abandoned because of the war. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the area belonged to Yangzhou, where once the overseas Chinese set up dunqiu county and ruled the old city of dunqiu in the east of Anxian county. In today's Quanjiao County, Nanqiao county was set up, Huainan county was changed to Nanchao County, belonging to Yuzhou, and Zhongli county to Xuzhou. During the northern and Southern Dynasties, the area successively belonged to linchu, Nanqiao, Beiqiao, Gaotang, Nanpei, Dongyang, Dingyuan, Zhongli, Jiyin, Jiyang and other counties. In the second year of Liang Datong (536), he set up nanqiaozhou and successively owned linchu, Nanqiao, Beiqiao, Gaotang, Xinchang and other counties.
In 589, nanqiaozhou was changed to Chuzhou, and Zhongli county to Haozhou. The area belongs to Chuzhou and Haozhou. At the beginning of Sui Dynasty, Chuzhou was abolished. In the third year of Daye (607), Haozhou was changed into Zhongli county. The district belongs to Jiangdu county and Zhongli county. There are Qingliu County, Quanjiao County, Yongfu County, Linhao County, Huaming County, Zhongli county and Jiyin county.
In the Tang Dynasty, the whole country was divided into ten roads, and the area belonged to Huainan road. There are seven counties in this district, namely Tianchang (Yangzhou), Qingliu, Quanjiao, yongyang (Chuzhou), Zhongli, Dingyuan and Zhaoyi (Haozhou).
During the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, the territory was divided by Wu and the Southern Tang Dynasty at the beginning, and then returned to the Later Zhou Dynasty. The establishment in the territory was the same as that in the Tang Dynasty, but yongyang county was changed to Lai'an county. After the reunification of the Northern Song Dynasty, the route was changed to the road, and the territory was divided into Huainan East Road and Huainan West Road. Chuzhou (zhiqingliu County, lingqingliu County, Quanjiao county and Laian county) and Yangzhou (Tianchang county) belong to Huainan East Road, and Haozhou (zhizhongli County, lingzhongli county and Dingyuan county) belong to Huainan West Road.
During the Southern Song Dynasty, the boundary was the dividing line of the confrontation between song and Jin Dynasties. In the Southern Song Dynasty, there were three counties of lingqingliu, Quanjiao and Laian in Chuzhou, two counties of Zhongli and Dingyuan in Haozhou, and two counties of Tianchang and Zhaoxin in Zhaoxin. The Yuan Dynasty established the provincial system, which is located in Chuzhou (lingqingliu County, Quanjiao County, Laian county), Haozhou (today's Zhongli County, Dingyuan county) and Sizhou (today's Tianchang county).
In the Ming Dynasty, a government was set up in the Jianghuai region, which has been subordinate to the prefecture. The first one is Fengyang Prefecture, which initially led the nine prefectures and eighteen counties, and then led the five prefectures and twelve counties. Today, there are Fengyang, linhuai (now Fengyang Linhuaiguan), Dingyuan (the above three counties are the prefectures and direct counties), Tianchang (belonging to Sizhou). Zhili Prefecture is Chuzhou, with two counties of anlai and Quanjiao.
In the early Qing Dynasty, according to the Ming system, the four level administrative system of province, Dao, government and Sanzhou was soon implemented. At the beginning of this district, it belonged to the left Minister of Jiangnan province. After the establishment of Anhui Province in the sixth year of Kangxi reign (1667), the region belongs to Anhui Province, with Chuxian, Quanjiao, Laian, Fengyang, Dingyuan, Tianchang, etc.
In 1912, Anhui Province abandoned Dao, Fu, Zhou and ting. The two counties of Lai'an and Quanjiao, which originally belonged to Chuzhou, and the other prefectures and counties, which originally belonged to Chuzhou, were directly under the provincial government. In the same year, Chuzhou was changed to Chuxian. From 1914 to 1918, the Beijing government implemented a provincial, Dao and county administrative system. Chuxian, Laian, Quanjiao, Tianchang, Dingyuan, Fengyang and other counties in the district were subordinate to huaisidao (Daoyin was stationed in Fengyang), Anhui Province. In November 1932, Xuyi county, Dingyuan County, Chuxian county and Laian county were located in Jiashan County. In the same year, Anhui Province was divided into 10 administrative Commissioner supervision districts, Fengyang County and Dingyuan County belong to the fourth special district, and other counties belong to the fifth special district (the special office is located in Chuxian county). At the beginning of the Anti Japanese War, Chuxian, Quanjiao, Dingyuan and Fengyang belonged to the fifth special area (the special office was located in Guhe, Quanjiao county), while Tianchang, Jiashan and Lai'an belonged to the sixth special area. In March 1940, the Sixth District was changed to the fourth. After the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the fifth special office was moved to Mingguang, Jiashan County. In July 1946, the Kuomintang troops attacked the liberated areas in eastern Anhui on a large scale, and the main force of the second division of the New Fourth Army and the local party and government organs were ordered to withdraw northward. From the end of the same year to the spring of the next year, the central China branch of the CPC Central Committee organized the Huainan armed forces to go deep into the enemy's rear areas of eastern Anhui in three groups to join forces with the remaining troops who persisted in the struggle to resume the liberated areas of eastern Anhui. In 1948, the Jianghuai liberated area was established, which is divided into the first and the fourth divisions. In January of the next year, the whole territory was liberated. In June, Chuxian District Commissioner's office was established, which is subordinate to the people's Administrative Office of Northern Anhui. It has jurisdiction over Chuxian County, Laian County, Quanjiao County, Binghui county (today), Dingyuan County, Fengyang County, Jiashan County, Jiangpu County and Xuyi county.
In 1952, Jiangpu County was under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province. In the same year, Chuxian district was under the leadership of Anhui Provincial People's government, with jurisdiction over Chuxian, Laian, Quanjiao, Binghui, Dingyuan, Fengyang, Jiashan, Xuyi and Feidong. In 1955, Xuyi county was under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province, and the number of counties under the jurisdiction of Chuxian district was reduced to eight. In 1956, Chuxian district and Suxian District merged to form Bengbu district. In 1961, Bengbu district was abolished and Chuxian district was restored. In 1965, Feidong County was assigned to Chaohu District, and the number of counties under Chuxian district was reduced to seven. In 1971, Chuxian district was renamed Chuxian District, which still governs seven counties. In 1982, Chuxian county was abolished and Chuzhou City at county level was established, forming a new pattern of one city and six counties. In December 1992, with the approval of the State Council, Chuzhou City at the county level was abolished and Chuzhou City at the provincial level was established.
Chuzhou governs Langya district and Nanqiao District, Quanjiao County, Lai'an county, Dingyuan county and Fengyang County, Tianchang City and Mingguang City, and Chuzhou economic and Technological Development Zone and Suzhou Chuzhou modern industrial park. Chuzhou municipal government is located at 99 Longpan Avenue, Longpan street, Nanqiao district.
Chuzhou is located in the east of Anhui Province, the border area between Jiangsu and Anhui, and the west of the Yangtze River Delta. It is used to be called "the east of Anhui". It controls the Yangtze River in the South and the Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal in the East. The geographical area is between 31 ° 51 ′ - 33 ° 13 ′ N and 117 ° 09 ′ - 119 ° 13 ′ e. from southeast to northeast, it is adjacent to Nanjing City, Yangzhou City and Huai'an City in Jiangsu Province, and from north to west to southwest, it is adjacent to Bengbu City, Huainan City and Hefei City in Jiangsu Province, with a total area of 13398 square kilometers.
Chuzhou city spans the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River, and its main body is the plain area in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the hilly area in the Yangtze Huaihe River. Chuzhou City, Laian County, Quanjiao county and some areas of Tianchang belong to the Yangtze River Basin, while Mingguang City and Dingyuan County belong to the Huaihe River Basin. The landform of the city can be roughly divided into three types: hilly area, hilly area and plain area. The terrain is high in the West and low in the East. The highest peak of the city is beijiangjunling in Nanqiao District, with an altitude of 399.2 meters. The hilly platform and undulating zone constitute the hilly area. The main plain and polder areas are along Chuhe River, Huaihe River and the lakeside areas of Nushan Lake and Gaoyou Lake.
Chuzhou is located in the hilly area between the plain of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the Yangtze River and Huaihe River. It has a humid monsoon climate in the North subtropics. It has four distinct seasons, warm and humid. The climate characteristics can be summarized as follows: cold and wet in winter, changeable cold and warm in spring, hot and rainy in summer, sunny and cool in autumn. The annual average temperature is 15.4 ℃, the annual average maximum temperature is 20.1 ℃, the annual average minimum temperature is 11.4 ℃, and the annual average precipitation is 1035.5 mm. The Meiyu period is 23 days long. The total annual sunshine hours are 2073.4 hours. The first frost is on November 4, the last frost is on March 30, and the annual frost free period is 210 days.
Chuzhou City is located in the Yangtze River and Huaihe river basins. The rivers in Chuzhou City belong to three water systems, namely the main water system of Huaihe River, Chuhe River system and Gaoyou Lake system. The main tributaries of Huaihe River system are Yaohe River, Tianhe River, Haohe River, Banqiao River, Xiaoxi River and Chihe river. The main tributaries of Chuhe River system include xiaomachang River, guanba River, damachang River, Xianghe River, Tuqiao River, Qingliu River, Laian River, Peihe River, Zaohe River, etc. The main tributaries of Gaoyou Lake water system are Baita River, tonglong River, Yangcun River, Wangqiao River, qinlan River and chuanqiao river. There are not many lakes in the city, mainly including Huayuan lake, Nushan Lake, Qili lake, Gaoyou Lake and Gaotang lake.
Geological structure of Chuzhou City
Chinese PinYin : An Hui Sheng Chu Zhou Shi
Chuzhou City, Anhui Province
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