Gansu, referred to as "Gan" or "long", is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, Lanzhou, the capital of the province. It is located in Northwest China, connecting Shaanxi in the East, Xinjiang in the west, Sichuan and Qinghai in the south, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia in the north, and Mongolia in the northwest. It is between 32 ° 11 ′ - 42 ° 57 ′ N and 92 ° 13 ′ - 108 ° 46 ′ e, with a total area of 425800 square kilometers.
Gansu is characterized by narrow and long terrain, complex and diverse landform. The mountains, plateaus, Pingchuan, river valley, desert and Gobi are surrounded by mountains and steep mountains, and the terrain inclines from southwest to northeast. Gansu is located in the intersection of three major plateau, namely, Loess Plateau, Qinghai Tibet Plateau and Inner Mongolia Plateau. The climate types include subtropical monsoon climate, temperate monsoon climate, temperate continental arid climate and plateau mountain climate.
By the end of 2018, Gansu Province has 12 prefecture level cities, 2 autonomous states, 17 municipal districts, 5 county-level cities, 57 counties and 7 autonomous counties The permanent population is 26.3726 million, and the GDP of the region is 824.61 billion yuan, of which, the added value of the first industry is 92.13 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 27.94 billion yuan, the added value of the tertiary industry is 453.01 billion yuan, and the tertiary industrial structure ratio is 11.2:33.9:54.9. According to the permanent population, the per capita regional GDP is 31336 yuan.
The origin of the name
Gansu is the first word of Ganzhou (Zhangye) and Suzhou (now Jiuquan). Gansu military department was established in Xixia, Gansu Province in Yuan Dynasty, which was referred to as Gansu Province. Because most of the province was located in the west of Longshan (Liupanshan), and Longyou road was set up in Tang Dynasty, so it was also referred to as long.
Evolution of organizational system
In the pre Qin period, China was divided into nine states, and Gansu Province was a large part of Yongliang and lianger Prefecture, which was formerly called "Yongliang place".
In the Shang Dynasty, Zhou tribe, the ancestor of Zhou Dynasty, who lived in the Jinghe and Weihe river basins, improved farming and opened up the earliest agriculture in China. Before the king of Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Shang Dynasty, he defeated Xirong and mixed the foreigners, and extended the situation to the dense area (Lingtai county). During this period, Gansu Province has Qiang, Gongquan (now North Jingchuan county), mi (the west of Lingtai county) and other tribes.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the ancestors of Qin settled down in the eastern part of the province, Tianshui area, and began to transition from nomadic economy to agricultural economy, while nomadic life still occupied the main position.
In the Qin Dynasty, in the ninth year of the king of Zhouzhuang (688), the Qin state established Jirong county (south of Tianshui Maiji District) and Jixian county (Gangu County) in the conquered area of Qindynasty, which was the earliest two counties in Chinese history. During the Warring States period, the territory of Qin reached the southeast of Gansu. From the fifth year to the 11th year of the reign of Genyuan (320-314), the Qin State has repeatedly cut Yiqu and Pingding the western zhurong. In the twenty seventh year (280 years ago), the emperor of Qin Zhaowang set up Longxi County, and nine years later, that is, the thirty-five years of emperor Zhao of Qin Dynasty (272 years ago) and then established the northern county.
In the twenty sixth year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 years ago), Qin unified the whole world and set up 36 counties. Gansu still belonged to Longxi County and Beidi county.
In the second year of Yuanshou in the Western Han Dynasty (121 years ago), Wuwei County and Jiuquan county were added on the basis of Longxi County and Beidi County, which ruled the northwest of Gansu Province. In the third year of the Yuan Dynasty (the first 114 years), Tianshui County, Anding county and Wudu County were added. In the six years of Yuanding (the first 111 years), Wuwei County was divided into Zhangye county and Jiuquan county was set in Dunhuang county. In the first six years (the first 81 years), two counties were divided into three counties, Tianshui, Longxi and Zhangye respectively to establish Jincheng county. Since then, Gansu has set up ten counties.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the administrative divisions were generally state, county and county three-level system, followed the Western Han system, and two ethnic minority management zones were added, namely, Zhangye and Zhangye, which belonged to Liangzhou.
The Three Kingdoms followed the Eastern Han Dynasty system. Most of the areas belong to Caowei and some of the southern areas are Shu Han.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, it was subordinate to Liangzhou, Qinzhou and Yong state. From the late Western Jin Dynasty to the 16th country period, the secessional regimes established in Gansu or across the border include: houzhao, qianqin, houqin, Qianliang, Qianliang, Xiqin, Houliang, Nanliang, Beiliang and Xiliang, each occupying about one part of Gansu today.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties, Gansu was the ruling area of Northern Wei, Western Wei and Northern Zhou Dynasty. During this period, the confrontation between the north and the south, the state division, the state and county stand, the regime change frequently, and the administrative construction is in disorder. In Northern Wei Dynasty, Gansu Province has 8 states, 35 counties and 91 counties; in Northern Zhou Dynasty, 22 counties, 56 counties and 104 counties are set.
Sui unified China and tailed counties. There are 16 counties and 76 counties in the province. In the late period of the Sui Dynasty, the great chaos brought about the rise of Eastern Turks to the degree of "Rongdi was strong, but there was no one in the ancient times". In July, the 13th year of Daye (617), Ma Li rail, the Yingyang mansion in Wuwei County, took over the west of the river, built Daliang state, Dingdu guzang and Jianyuan Anle, which was attached to the East Turks.
In the second year of Tang Wude (619), Li rail was destroyed by Li Yuan. The Tang Dynasty changed the county into a road, and the provincial territory was divided into guanneidao, Longyou road and Shannan Road, which had jurisdiction over 22 states. In the second year of Guangde (764), the Hexi and Longyou, including Gansu Province, were occupied by Tubo. In the third year of the middle and middle school (849), Tang Dynasty occupied Qin, yuan, Anle, Wei, Fu, he, Wei and other states. In the five years of the middle and middle school (851), Zhang Fangchao of Han Dynasty occupied Hexi and Longyou, including Gansu, which was attached to the Tang Dynasty, and the Tang Dynasty occupied Gansu again.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Gansu Army division was established in the Western Xia Dynasty (Ganzhou District, Zhangye City). This is the first name of Gansu.
During the Yuan Dynasty, Gansu Province of xingzhongshu was set up, which governed seven roads and two states to the west of the Yellow River, and the east of the Yellow River was Xingyuan road in Shaanxi Province.
During the Ming Dynasty, the provincial division was changed. The provincial territory was the Shaanxi political Distribution Department, Shaanxi provincial division and the provincial capital command and envoy department. The provincial government inherited the Yuan Dynasty. According to the lighting customization, the headquarters and headquarters were set up in the border and key areas. The headquarters of the city were set up in the key towns along the border, and each province was set up with a command and Command commander. The military garrison carried out by Wei and the government belongs to military organs, but later in the border areas, the military garrison and the office also manage civil affairs.
In the Qing Dynasty, Shaanxi Provincial right political Distribution Department was set up, and then Gansu Political Distribution Department was changed. The administrative center was moved from gongchang (now Longxi County) to Lanzhou City, which governs some areas of Gansu, Xinjiang, Qinghai and Ningxia. In 1884, Guangxu was divided into Xinjiang.
Gansu Province was divided into seven roads in Ningxia (original shuofan), Xining (formerly Haidong), Lanshan, Jingyuan (yuanlongdong), Weichuan (formerly Longnan), Ganliang (the original Hexi), and ansu (the original border pass) in the second year of the Republic of China (1912). It has jurisdiction over Gansu, western Inner Mongolia, northern and Eastern Qinghai, southwest Mongolia and Ningxia. In the 16th year of the Republic of China (1927), the road was withdrawn as a province, and in the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), Qinghai and Ningxia were divided into two provinces. During the second revolutionary war, the province was located in the eastern Gansu Ningxia border area of Gansu and Guanzhong.
On August 26, the thirty eighth year of the Republic of China (1949), Gansu Administrative Bureau was established, which has 11 districts (Special District, city) and 73 counties (bureaus) under the jurisdiction of Jiuquan, Zhangye, Wuwei, Lanzhou, Dingxi, Linxia, Qingyang, Tianshui, Pingliang and Wudu. Gansu Provincial Bureau is affiliated to the northwest military and political Commission (later changed to northwest administrative committee, which was revoked in 1954).
On January 8th, 1950, the people's Government of Gansu Province was formally established, which governs the present Gansu and the western Inner Mongolia.
In 1954, according to the notice of the Ministry of interior, Ningxia Province, which was cancelled, was incorporated into Gansu Province. In 1957, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was established on the basis of the former administrative region of Ningxia Province in the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929).
In 1958, Ningxia was divided into three special regions (autonomous prefecture) and 19 counties and cities.
Release Time:2021-03-09 17:39:56
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