(records of plant medicine in Jiangsu)
[synonym] tongjingcao, ziliancao, bingtoucao (Nanjing folk herb), toothbrush herb (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), xiaohanxincao, shuihanxin (Guangxi Yao Zhi Tu Zhi), xiaoerdigcao (Nanning Yao Zhi), xibianhuangqin, jindiger (Jiangxi folk herb prescription), wild Prunella vulgaris, fangcaoer, Hemiptera, Hemiptera, sifangcao (Zhejiang folk herb prescription) They are: common herbal medicine in Chengdu, ear digging herb (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine), Xiaoxiao xiangtianzhan, huyaohong, and zaishao (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine), qushanbian (Chengdu's Manual of common herbal medicine treatment), and xiangtianzhan (Fujian's selected materials of new medical treatment).
[source] it is the whole plant of Scutellaria barbata.
[plant morphology] Scutellaria barbata, also known as hanxincao.
Perennial herbs. Root like. Stem erect, quadrangular, 15-50 cm high. Leaves opposite; ovate to lanceolate, ca. 7-32 mm long, 4-15 mm wide, base truncate or heart-shaped, apex obtuse, margin sparsely serrate; leaves of lower part of stem short petiole, leaves of tip nearly sessile. There are two flowers in the flower ring, forming terminal and axillary lateral racemes; bracts lanceolate, hairy on the top and margin, glabrous on the back; petiole 1-15 mm long, densely covered with mucinous pubescence; calyx campanulate, 2-cleft at the top, scutellum often attached on the back of one side of calyx tube; corolla light blue purple, tubular, 2-cleft at the top, galeate and 3-cleft at the upper lip, lobes dentate on both sides, middle Interlobes rounded, lower lip reniform; stamens 4, 2-strong, not protruding; ovary 4-lobed, style completely inserted at the bottom of ovary, apex 2-lobed. Nutlets globose, transverse, with curved stalks. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from June to August.
It grows at the edge of pool, field or roadside. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Guangxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guizhou, Yunnan, Taiwan, Henan, etc.
[collection] harvest at flowering, remove roots, use fresh or dry.
[herbal medicine] the dry whole grass, whose leaves have fallen off, is a stem and branch with flower spikes, 15-25 cm long, tetragonal, surface yellow green or purple brown, smooth, soft, folded section fibrous, hollow; the remaining leaves are dark yellow green, mostly broken, crimped, brittle and easy to fall off; the flower spikes grow at the end of the branch, yellow green. The odor is weak, the taste is slightly salty and bitter.
Produced in Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains alkaloids, flavonoid glycosides, phenols and steroids.
[pharmacological action] methylene blue test tube screening test showed that it had very mild inhibitory effect on acute myelocytic leukemia blood cells; cell respirator screening test showed that the inhibitory rate on the above leukemia blood cells was more than 75%.
[flavor] pungent, flat.
① "Guangxi medicine plant atlas": "the taste is pungent and slightly fishy, the nature is flat, non-toxic. "
② "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
③ "Jiangxi folk herbal medicine prescription": "the nature is flat, the taste is pungent and slightly bitter, non-toxic. "
④ "Slightly bitter, cool" in the Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou army. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, detoxifying, dispersing blood stasis, hemostasis and relieving pain. It is used to treat hematemesis, hematemesis, hemogonorrhea, dysentery, jaundice, sore throat, lung carbuncle, sores, sores, cancer, bruise, knife and snake bite.
① Nanjing folk herbs: "breaking blood and dredging meridians. "
② "Guangxi medicine plant atlas": "anti inflammation, blood stasis, hemostasis. To treat falls, injuries and blood dysentery. "
③ "Drug records of Nanning city": "detumescence, pain relief. It is used to treat injuries, wounds and sores. "
④ Quanzhou materia medica: "clearing heat, detoxifying, dispelling wind, dispersing blood, promoting Qi, promoting water, dredging collaterals, breaking blood stasis, relieving pain. For internal use, it is mainly used for blood drenching, hematemesis and bleeding; for external use, it is used for snake bite, carbuncle, sore and nameless swelling poison. "
⑤ "Clearing away heat and detoxification" is a common Chinese herbal medicine manual of Guangzhou army. Treatment of cancer to see the effect of improving symptoms; appendicitis, hepatitis. "
⑥ Chengdu "commonly used herbal medicine treatment manual": "treatment of esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, uterine cancer. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang (fresh 1-2 Liang); or mashed juice. External use: tamping.
[should avoid] it is not suitable for patients with blood deficiency. Pregnant women should take it carefully.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of hematemesis and hemoptysis: fresh hanxincao 1 to 2 liang, mash and grind juice, mix a little honey, stew hot and warm, twice a day. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of urethritis, urine and blood pain: fresh narrow leaf hanxincao one or two, wash, fry soup, mix rock sugar, twice a day. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of febrile dysentery: xiaohanxincao two liang, Jianfu. (illustrated records of medicinal plants in Guangxi)
④ Treatment of dysentery: fresh hanxincao three to five Liang, mashed Jiaozhi service; or dry whole grass one or two, fried service. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of hepatitis: fresh Banzhilian five money, red dates five. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑥ Treatment of stomachache: dry narrow leaf hanxincao one or two, and a pig or chicken (to head and toes, viscera), water, wine half stew heat, two or three times service. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑦ Treatment of sore throat: fresh narrow leaf hanxincao eight money, fresh Verbena eight money, a little salt. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of pharyngitis, tonsillitis: Scutellaria barbata, pilose antler grass, Solidago each three money. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑨ Treatment of lung abscess: Scutellaria barbata, Houttuynia cordata each one or two. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑩ Treatment of snakehead and lymphadenitis: fresh hanxincao with narrow leaves - to two liang, adjust a little salt, mash and apply externally. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of lymphatic tuberculosis: two pairs of Scutellaria barbata, fried in water. Or Scutellaria barbata, water keel each one or two, add lean pork amount, cooked, eat meat and soup.
(12) back carbuncle treatment: fresh Scutellaria barbata root mashed external application. To set aside the white head, apply it twice a day. In addition, take one or two whole herbs and take them in water. Take them four or five times to discharge pus. After discharging pus, drip the root tamping juice into the hole, and bandage it with gauze, and change it twice a day.
⒀ treatment of cancer: Scutellaria barbata, Ampelopsis root each one or two, Pyrus vinifera root four Liang, Myrica rubra root two liang, Festuca arundinacea root, Pennisetum, lobelia each five money. Take it in water. (11) Zhejiang folk herbal medicine is listed below.)
(14) treatment of traumatic injury: small hanxincao mashed, with distiller's grains boiled hot compress. (illustrated records of medicinal plants in Guangxi)
The treatment of all snake bites: fresh narrow leaf hanxincao, wash and mash, wring juice, mix a little yellow rice wine, warm, apply residue on the affected area. (Quanzhou materia medica)
(16) treatment of snakebite: fresh Scutellaria barbata and guanyincao - to two liang each, fresh Lobelia barbata and fresh yibaozhen - to eight Liang each. Take it in water. In addition, wash the fresh grass, add a little salt, mash and apply the juice. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
[clinical application] for cancer
Take 1 liang of Scutellaria barbata, decoct it twice, take it separately in the morning and afternoon, or substitute tea. According to the observation of 36 cases of esophageal cancer and lung cancer, some patients have improved their symptoms in the near future, but there is no curative effect. Another useful Scutellaria barbata, white Ying each 1 liang, decoction, 1 dose a day. It can also improve the symptoms of lung cancer.
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