Puncturevine caltrop fruit
[alias] Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus terrestris and Tribulus terrestris.
[source] the fruit of Tribulus terrestris L.
[plant morphology] annual creeping herb with many branches and pubescence. Pinnate compound leaves alternate or opposite; leaflets 5-7 pairs, long elliptic, 6-15mm long, 2-5mm wide, base often oblique, stipules. Flowers solitary in leaf axils; sepals 5; petals 5, yellow, caducous; stamens 10, 5, long and 5 short; ovary superior, 5-locular, stigma 5-lobed. The flowering period is from June to July, and the fruit period is from August to September.
Born in the field, roadside and riverside grass. It is produced all over the world. It is mainly produced in Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Shanxi and Shaanxi.
[harvest] when the fruit is ripe in autumn, the whole plant is cut, dried in the sun, and the fruit is beaten down to remove impurities.
[character] the fruit consists of five petals, arranged radially, with a diameter of 7-12mm. It is usually split into a single sepal, which is 3-6 mm long in shape of an axe; its back is yellowish green, uplifted, with longitudinal ribs and many small spines, and has one pair of symmetrical long spines and one pair of short spines. It's hard. It tastes bitter and pungent.
[chemical constituents] it contains steroidal saponins, including diosgenin, Ruscogenin, hecogenin, gitoogenin, tribuloside, kaempferol-3-rutinoside, astragalin and harmine.
[flavor] mild in nature, pungent and bitter in taste.
[function indications] it can relieve liver depression, activate blood circulation, dispel wind, improve eyesight and relieve itching. It is used for headache and vertigo, chest and hypochondriac pain, mastitis and mastitis, red eyes, rash and itching.
Chinese PinYin : Ji Li
Release Time:2022-01-27 02:17:40
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