(notes on materia medica)
[synonym] He Bi (a collection of Materia Medica) and Lian di (a collection of Lingnan herbs).
[source] the leaf base of Nymphaeaceae. The plant morphology is detailed in article.
[collection] lotus leaves were taken from July to September, and the leaves around the leaf base and petiole were cut off, dried or fresh.
[medicinal material] the dried petiole is usually cut into round or rhombic shape, about 6-7 cm in diameter. The front is purplish brown or greenish yellow, slightly waxy powdery, the veins are slightly concave, radiating out from the center; the back is yellowish brown, with residual petiole base in the center, and the veins are protruding. The quality is light and crisp. It tastes astringent. Thick, dry, light green and unbroken leaves are preferred.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu Province.
[chemical constituents] nelumbinine, protonelumbinine and nelumbinine are contained in the pedicel of lotus leaf.
[pharmacological action] Liensinine poisoning dose can cause convulsion in frog, mouse, rabbit and dog (similar to strychnine); intravenous injection of 5-7 mg / kg in anesthetized dogs can reduce blood pressure by 30-50 mmHg for 20-30 minutes, and higher dose can cause paroxysmal spasm without lowering blood pressure. Small dose can stimulate breathing. 0.001 concentration could stop the beating of isolated frog heart. The median lethal dose (mg / kg) was - 26.4 for rabbits by intravenous injection, - 79.4 for mice by subcutaneous injection and - 38.2 for mice by intravenous injection and - 113.8 for frogs by lymphatic sac injection. Phenobarbital and chloral hydrate had the effect of resisting death or convulsion. Its methyl hydroxide has curare like effect, but its toxicity to warm blooded animals is 1.6-5.6 times higher than that of nelumbinine, while its toxicity to cold blooded animals is less.
[nature and taste] 1. In the collection of materia medica: "it tastes bitter, flat and nontoxic. "
② The essence of pinhui: "Gan. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, harmonizing blood and stabilizing fetus. Treatment of dysentery, diarrhea, pregnancy, fetal restlessness.
① "Materia medica collection": "the main stillbirth, to evil blood, keep good blood, blood dysentery, cooking. "
② The book of materia medica: "it is beneficial to Qi. "
③ "The essence of pinhui" says: "the solution to the poison of wild grass is to take it with boiling water. "
④ New materia medica: "Qingxin Jianghuo, Jieshu Chufan, zhilixie, xiaoshire. "
⑤ "Seeking the source of Materia Medica" says: "it can stabilize the fetus, stop the collapse, and strengthen the spleen. "
⑥ "Clearing heat, promoting circulation of Qi" in Sichuan. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: wash with boiling water.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of blood dysentery: boiled with lotus leaf. (Puji Fang)
② Treatment of urinary bleeding: lotus leaf pedicel seven, burning, wine tune service. (the secret recipe of traditional Chinese medicine in Guizhou Province)
③ Treatment of pregnancy and fetal movement, has seen yellow water: a dry lotus. Stir fry, grind for the end, glutinous rice juice a transfer service. (Tang Yao experience prescription)
④ Treatment of children with pertussis, cough vomiting blood, head swelling: lotus leaf pedicle (to stem) several. Cook soup, adjust (blow off coal, grind powder), take hollow, take several times. (Journal of happiness 11-12:58, 1944)
⑤ Carbuncle, pain: dry lotus leaf heart, such as money piece big, regardless of how much. It is coarse powder. Each with three spoons, two bowls of water, slow fire fry to a bowl and a half, put temperature, rinse, wipe dry, with Taibai paste. (BA Du Qi Bao San in Ben Shi Fang)
⑥ Treatment of breast cancer has broken: seven lotus pedicels, calcined, for the end, yellow rice wine tune. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[famous scholar's discussion] 1. In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan, it is said that "when the medicine is put into the spleen and stomach, it is better to use its (lotus leaf) pedicel to get its thick taste than other parts. "
② Yucatalpa medicine solution: "lotus leaf pedicle can lead all kinds of medicine to the top. "
Chinese PinYin : He Ye Di
plum scorch virus. Bai Mei Hua
Black bone. Hei Gu Tou
Wax gourd. Dong Gua
Butterfly tree. Hu Die Shu
Orange cake. Ju Bing
Amaranth. Xian Cai
Liqin. Li Qin
Rhizoma zingiberensis. Lian Jiang
Mulberry gall. Sang Ying
oleaster. Sha Zao
Tangutoma urinary vesicle. Tang Gu Te Ma Niao Pao
Tricholoma matsutake. Zi Cao Rong