(essential preparation of raw herbs)
[synonyms] bandufan, nuqing, zhushiteng (questioning materia medica), quejie (Li's Herba secret), jiezhiteng, Yuteng root (compendium Collection), Niupi jelly (textual research on plant names and facts), Yuteng (Tianbao materia medica), maohulu (collection of Lingnan herbs), tianteng (Guangxi Traditional Chinese Veterinary medicine plant), wuxiangteng, yugouteng (collection of commonly used folk herbs), xiangteng and Bitou Rattan (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), jiyateng (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai), Qingfengteng (Fujian traditional Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole grass and root of Celastrus angustifolia.
[plant morphology] Celastrus angustifolia
Creeping herbs, base woody, 2-3 m high, glabrous or slightly hairy. Leaves opposite, petiolate; leaves submembranous, ovate, elliptic, oblong to lanceolate, apex short pointed or acuminate, base rounded or cuneate, both sides bare or nearly bare; stipules triangular, 2-5 mm long, deciduous. Panicles axillary and terminal, expanded, branched into scorpion like cymes; flowers white purple, sessile; calyx narrowly campanulate, ca. 3 mm long; corolla campanulate, tube 7-10 mm long, upper end 5-lobed, tweezers arranged, inner surface reddish purple, powdery pilose; stamens 5, filaments very short, inserted in corolla tube; ovary inferior, 2-locular, style filiform, 2, base healed. The berry is globose, 5-7 mm in diameter, bright when ripe and yellow. It blooms in autumn.
It grows on stream side, river side, roadside, forest side and shrubbery, and often climbs on other plants or rocks. Distributed in Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan and other places.
The fruit of this plant (Ampelopsis grossedentata) is also used for medicine. See special section for details.
The chemical constituents of the plant are formic acid, cymoside and cymoside.
86% arbutin and volatile oil, etc.
[pharmacological action] the decoction of Caulis Spatholobi has obvious analgesic effect on mice (hot plate method). Intraperitoneal injection of 0.01 ml / g body weight can increase pain and maintain for a long time. Compared with morphine, its injection started slowly and lasted for a long time. Its alcohol preparation has antihypertensive effect on anesthetized animals (cats, rabbits and dogs). The results showed that the extract of Celastrus angustifolia from India had cortisone like effect in vitro, and injection into rabbit articular cavity could reduce inflammatory lesions; the whole herb decoction was orally given to rats for 10 days, which had inhibitory effect on formaldehyde induced arthritis.
[nature and taste] sweet and sour, flat.
① "Lingnan medicine collection record" says: "the taste is hard, but it is flat. "
② "Commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai": sweet acid, flat. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind and activating blood circulation, relieving pain and detoxification, eliminating food and stagnation, removing dampness and swelling. It is used to treat rheumatism, diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal pain, Qi deficiency, edema, dizziness, less food, hepatosplenomegaly, scrofula, intestinal carbuncle, nameless swelling and poison, and traumatic injury.
① Wang Lianshi's book of collecting herbs: "it can cure wind pain, intestinal carbuncle, traumatic injury, wind fire and miasma, and disperse depression. Wash hernia, with Perilla decoction. "
② "Li's herbal secret" says: "the wind of legs and feet is boiling and washing, cold and dampness are painful, and the contracture can't be relaxed. "
③ "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature" says: "its head treats new internal injuries, cooks meat, invigorates deficiency and kidney, eliminates fire and blood, washes sores and relieves pain, and dissipates heat and poisons. The leaves of rice and sugar, stop dysentery. "
④ According to the compendium of compendium, people who suffer from heatstroke take roots and leaves as food. In the case of deficiency, the stomach of miscellaneous pigs should be decocted. "It is used to treat the scrofula. When the wine is fried, it will disappear if it is not broken, and it will be restrained if it has been broken. "
⑤ "Ben Cao Qiu yuan": "treat foot dampness, swelling and rotten, snake wound, and apply it together with rice challenge food. "
⑥ In the textual research on the names and facts of plants: "it's a kind of medicine for washing, detoxifying, removing wind, clearing heat and dispersing cold. "Apply nameless swelling poison and tonify muscles and bones. "
⑦ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "tonifying deficiency, regulating spleen and stomach vitality, treating deficiency and swelling, tinnitus. "
⑧ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "treat insomnia, cough for a long time. "
⑨ Chongqing herbal medicine: "invigorating spleen and removing dampness, supplementing qi and tonifying deficiency. It is commonly used in children with emaciation, spleen weakness, Qi deficiency, food accumulation, malnutrition, and adults with Qi deficiency, edema, distention, earache, diarrhea, enuresis, women's weakness, leucorrhea, dry disease. And weakness and fatigue, deficiency dysentery, itching and rash due to Qi deficiency. "
⑩ Common Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai: "dispel wind, activate blood circulation, relieve pain and detumescence. Treatment of rheumatism, pain, injury, hepatosplenomegaly, nameless swelling poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (large dose, 1-2 Liang); or soaking in wine. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[selected formula] 1. Treatment of qi stagnation, chest tightness and stomachache: one to two pairs of Jishiteng roots. Take it in water.
② Treatment of food diarrhea: Jishiteng one or two. Take it in water.
③ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: chicken dung vine root five money, a small pig belly. Stewed in water. (1) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
④ Treatment of women's weak cough, leucorrhea abdominal distension: Jishiteng 42, hongxiaoba Jiantou 42. Stewed chicken suit. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of red dysentery: jishitenggen 42, roadside ginger 22. Stewed meat. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of infantile anal prolapse: all treat the head of rattan near the root, the elderly, wine steaming ten times, and sheep intestine cooking. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
⑦ Treatment of rheumatic arthritis pain: Jishiteng root or rattan one to two. Fried in wine.
⑧ Treatment of appendicitis: fresh Jishiteng roots or stems and leaves one to two. Take it in water.
⑨ Treatment back gangrene: fresh Jishiteng two liang, wine decocting; slag or another use of fresh leaves mashed applied to the affected area.
⑩ Treatment of traumatic injury: Jishiteng root, Teng one or two. Fried in wine. (the following formula is Fujian Chinese herbal medicine.)
(11) treatment of organophosphorus pesticide poisoning: Jishiteng three Liang, mung bean one or two. Decoct the water into three large cups, take one large cup first, once every two to three hours. There was vomiting and diarrhea after treatment. (selected materials for investigation of unilateral and verified prescriptions)
[clinical application] 1
Take fresh cornvine to make injection, each milliliter is equivalent to 5 grams of crude drug. Intramuscular injection, 2-5 ml each time, 4 hours later can be repeated or continuous medication. Suitable for gastrointestinal pain, biliary and renal colic, all kinds of trauma, fracture, postoperative pain, neuralgia, etc. In 537 cases, pain disappeared in 328 cases, relieved in 197 cases, and ineffective in 12 cases. The effective rate was 97.7%. If the injection is added to 10% glucose solution for pain point or acupoint injection, lumbocrural pain can be treated. In practice, it was observed that the stronger the smell of drugs, the better the analgesic effect. Some patients can smell the smell of jiyateng from exhalation and urine after medication, which may be due to the fact that the effective component of jiyateng is a volatile substance, which is excreted by respiratory tract and urine. The injection has slight local irritation and pain, which can be alleviated by adding appropriate amount of procaine solution; a few patients have dizziness when the dosage is too large, and there are no other side effects. In addition, it can also be chopped and soaked in rice wine for 7 days, 5-10 ml each time, 3 times a day for gastrointestinal spasmodic pain.
② Treatment of neurodermatitis and other skin diseases
Wipe the affected area with the leaves or buds of Spatholobus for5 minutes each time, 2-3 times a day. 11 cases of neurodermatitis were cured in 8 cases and improved in 3 cases; 5 cases of eczema and 10 cases of pruritus were cured. The cure time is generally about 7 days, 2-3 days for the short and 2-3 months for the elderly.
③ Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis
Take Niupi Xiao (i.e. jiyateng) 1 Liang (fresh), honger 5 yuan, add brown sugar, decoct twice a day. At the same time, use appropriate amount of Niupi Xiaoye, shuimanggen and Madou, add a small amount of salt to mash and apply externally, once a day; after the wound is full of pus, use borneol and Niupi Xiaofen for external application. 10 cases were observed, the longest course of disease was 20 years, the shortest was 5 months; results 8 cases were cured, 1 case was controlled in the near future, 1 case was improved. The fastest effect was 2 weeks, and the latest symptom improvement was 2 months. No significant side effects and toxicity were observed.
④ Treatment of leprosy
Take 1000 ml of the distilled liquid and make it into intravenous injection according to the preparation procedures, once a day, 30-50 ml each time, 2-5 days as a course of treatment. In case of high fever, 60 ml of Jishiteng and 200 ml of 10% glucose solution can be used for intravenous drip. 37 cases of middle and advanced leprosy were treated, 25 cases were markedly effective (the symptoms and signs disappeared completely on the fifth day), 7 cases were improved (the symptoms were significantly relieved and the body temperature returned to normal), and 5 cases were ineffective. This drug has anti-inflammatory and diuretic effect, has good curative effect on joint reaction and lymphatic reaction of leprosy, and has poor curative effect on erythema nodosum reaction and neuralgia.
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