(Chinese medicine and plant records)
[source] it is the rhizome of Liliaceae.
[plant morphology] petiolate Wang sun
Perennial herb, 35-60 cm high, glabrous. Rhizome stout, creeping. Stem erect, longitudinally striped, green, sometimes reddish. Leaves usually 4, sometimes 5-7, whorled at the top of stem; petiole 1-4.5 cm long; leaves herbaceous, broadly ovate, 7.3-11.5 cm long, 3.8-7.2 cm wide, apex short pointed and slightly curved, entire, base slightly heart-shaped or truncate, 3 main veins, basal. Flowers single, terminal, petiole 10.5-16 cm long; bisexual, 4-petal outer perianth, green, ovate lanceolate, ca. 3 cm long, 1-1.3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base with short stalk; 4-petal inner perianth, narrowly linear, yellowish green, 4.5-6.5 cm long; stamens 12, ca. 1.2 cm long, filaments flat, anthers linear, connectives extended into a small tip at the top, ca. 1 mm long; Style 4-5, apex revolute. Berry subglobose, ca. 1.8 mm in diam., with persistent perianth outside; seeds numerous, subglobose, light brown. The flowering period is June. The fruit period is from July to August.
Born in the shade and wet under the forest. It is distributed in Sichuan, Guangxi and other places.
[collection] after autumn, the stems, leaves and fibrous roots were removed and dried in the sun.
[herbal medicine] rhizome fleshy, cylindrical, 4-7 cm long, about 1 cm in diameter, rough surface, brown, nodes slightly prominent, internodes close, top covered with membranous scales, with many fibrous roots on one side, densely covered with white villi. It is hard and brittle with white section.
Produced in Sichuan.
[function indications] it can be used as a plaster for external use to treat swelling and poisoning.
Chinese PinYin : Zhong Lou
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