(rihuazi materia medica)
[synonyms] qingfan (Tang materia medica), Zaofan (Liu Yuxi's Chuan Xin Fang), Zaofan (Puji Fang).
[source] it is the ore or chemical synthesis of sulfate mineral alum.
[mineral form] alum
Monoclinic system. The crystal is short columnar, but rarely seen. They are usually hairy, fibrous, bell shaped, snowflake shaped and earthy. The color is various green. The stripes are white. The luster is glassy. The fracture surface is shell like. Hardness 2. The specific gravity is 1.8-1.9. It's brittle.
It often occurs in the fissures of pyrite rich semi decomposed ores below the oxidation zone.
[collection] remove impurities after collection. It should be sealed to prevent discoloration or moisture.
[medicinal material] is prismatic crystal or granule, translucent, showing various green. It is hard and brittle. It is odorless, astringent and sweet. It is better to be green and free of impurities. Soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. Weathering occurs in dry air. It is oxidized rapidly in wet air and forms yellow brown basic ferric sulfate on the surface. Red burning will decompose, release anhydrous sulphite and anhydrous sulphuric acid gas and residual iron oxide. The aqueous solution of this product shows various special reactions between ferrous salt and sulfate.
Produced in Shandong, Hunan, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shaanxi, Anhui, Zhejiang, Henan and other places.
[chemical composition] natural alum mainly contains ferrous sulfate. Due to different producing areas, it often contains more or less copper, aluminum, magnesium, zinc and other inclusions.
[processing] calcined alum (also known as red alum and alum red): put alum and rice vinegar in a casserole, cover them well, and calcine them on a charcoal furnace. When the alum dissolves, stir evenly with bamboo slices to make alum and vinegar fully mix, then heat and calcine them until they are all red. Take them out and let them cool. (100 Jin of alum, 20 jin of rice vinegar)
[flavor] sour and astringent, cool.
① "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "cool, non-toxic. "
② "Pinhui essence": "sour taste, cold nature, non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "it tastes sour and astringent, has a cool nature and is poisonous. "
[Guijing] 1. Yuluoyaojie: "start with Taiyin lung and shouyangming large intestine meridians. "
② "Into the spleen and liver. "
Functions and indications: dry dampness and remove phlegm, eliminate accumulation and kill insects, stop bleeding and replenish blood, detoxify and collect sores. It can treat yellow swelling and fullness, malnutrition and dysentery for a long time, intestinal wind and bloody stool, blood deficiency and yellowing, damp sores, scabies, sore throat and mouth, rotten string eye.
① Tang materia medica: "treat chancre and various sores. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica" says: "it is used to treat throat obstruction, bell teeth, mouth sores and vices, and scabies; it is used to brew crucian carp and burn ashes, and it is used to treat intestinal wind and diarrhea. "
③ "Introduction to medicine": "xiaoedematous jaundice, infantile malnutrition, treatment of nail gangrene swelling pain. "
④ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "it can eliminate stagnation, dryness and dampness of the spleen, remove phlegm and saliva, eliminate swelling, jaundice, wind eye, mouth and other diseases. "
⑤ Modern Practical Traditional Chinese medicine: "in a small amount, it can replenish blood, and can be used for anemia and chlorosis, and for gastrointestinal bleeding. It can be used with other drugs as pills. A large amount of raw material is used as emetic. For external use, burn thoroughly, treat conjunctivitis, tinea alba, purulent herpes, axillary osmidrosis, etc. it is the thin liquid of this product and has astringent effect. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: take pills and powder, 0.5 ~ 1.5 yuan. External use: grind powder, sprinkle, adjust and apply, or apply and wash the solution.
[should avoid] taking more can cause vomiting and abdominal pain, and it should be taken with caution if the stomach is weak.
① Compendium: "fear vinegar. "
② The classic of materia medica: "it's not suitable for people with weak stomach. "
[prescription selection] ① treatment of goiter: half a jin of gallnut (fried black), four liang of alum (fried white with ginger juice), four liang of needle sand (fried red with vinegar), half a jin of Shenqu (fried slightly yellow). It is fine, ginger juice and boiled jujube meat are pills, such as Wutong. You can also drink 60 pills or 70 meters of soup. Life long diet buckwheat noodles, committed again difficult to cure. (lvfan pill in the true story of Medicine)
② For the treatment of food yellow disease, the body and eyes are yellow: Green alum, calcined red in the pot, mixed with rice vinegar, jujube meat and Wuzi pill. Take 20 or 30 pills each time. After eating, add ginger soup. (emergency prescription)
③ Treatment hookworm disease prescription: qingfan half Jin, rice vinegar four Liang, black beans four Liang, rice right amount. First, put the green alum on a new tile and calcine it into red, then quench it into rice vinegar twice and calcine it until it is dry. Then take out four Liang and grind them into fine powder. In addition, fry the black beans and grind them into fine powder, mix them with green alum, pound and rub them into balls with rice, such as soybean, and bake them. Adults take six to eight points each time, children take it at a reduced rate, every morning and evening, for five to ten days. Take it after a few days off. The course of treatment was ten to twenty days. Avoid drinking tea during medication. (manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in rural areas of Hunan Province)
④ Cure infantile malnutrition disease has insect, love to eat soil: alum for the end, with pig bile and mung bean pill big. Every time you take five or seven pills, drink rice and drink it all the time. (Lu Fan Wan, Xiaoer l health general micro prescription)
⑤ For the treatment of red and white dysentery in adults and children, the intestines are not smooth enough: alum, alum, lime, plumbum (four flavors are put into the jar together, burn red, cool, grind), keel, gibberellic fat and Amomum villosum. It's better to grind evenly. Every service - money dagger, children's half money dagger or a word dagger, and rice drink. Intestinal smooth is very effective, and can be taken as pills. (Lu Bai San, Shengji Zonglu)
⑥ It can be used for the treatment of intestinal wind, blood, yellowish complexion, swelling and pain in the lower part, or like rat milk, or like chicken crowns, often like insect bites, itching and pain: four pairs of alum, smash it, put it in the bottle, cover the mouth with tile, cook a food room with high fire, take it out after being cold, grind it as fine as powder, use one or two white salt and one or two sulfur, and then put it in the bottle, burn a food room before being cold, take it out after being cold, grind it into the last one or two The Wutong is ordered, and the steamed rice and pills are large. Twenty pills of warm rehmannia juice were taken daily and before eating in the evening. (Sheng Hui Fang Lu Fan WAN)
⑦ Under the red and white belt of a woman, there is no rash for years: one or two pieces of alum (red), one or two pieces of ink at the bottom of the pot, one or two pieces of cuttlefish bone (yellow). The steamed rice and pills are large, such as Wutong. Before each meal, take 15 pills with warm wine. (Sheng Hui Fang Lu Fan WAN)
⑧ Treatment of ear ulcers: date to the core, package jarosite calcination research, sesame oil transfer application. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑨ Treatment of nail gangrene: five liang of alum, burned to the end of the juice, for the end. First, wash the sores with salt soup and dry them with powder. It's better to apply more medicine to the sores. If you suffer from acute pain, apply less crispness to make them moist. Once a day, wash the sores with salt soup. If there is pus, wash them to make them clean. The dry sores don't need to be close to each other. After washing, apply the medicine as before. If the sores are acute pain, apply crispness. After five or six days, you will feel the scab gradually peeling off, but after washing and applying the medicine, the scab will gradually peel off and become soft Place or regenerate white pus bubble, namely abrade dressing. (waitai secret recipe)
⑩ For the treatment of toenail sores, the bad flesh is prominent and can not be cured for a long time. It is named as snail of stinky farmland. It is exposed to the sun and exposed at night with soap alum. It is soaked in one or two fried soup. It is still dipped in one or two alum powder, plus realgar, sulfur, frankincense and myrrh. Grind and apply it evenly. (medical abstract)
(11) treatment of scabies: one for each of alum and Zanthoxylum bungeanum, seven for each of borneol and camphor. Use a piece of chicken seed for medicine, filter out the yellow and white matter, put the medicine in the shell, calcine it into ashes, mix it dry when sore is wet, and mix it with oil when dry. (collection of good prescriptions)
(12) treatment of initial infection of hookworm disease: appropriate amount of soap alum, research fine bubble cold boiled water, scrub the affected area, can stop itching, pain, anti-inflammatory. (Xuzhou, selection of new medical therapies based on single prescription)
⒀ treatment of alopecia: soap alum, neem. Shaoyan liniment. (Puji Fang)
(14) treatment of laryngopharyngeal obstruction: take Acacia alum into good rice vinegar, or use strong vinegar. Two things with research, pharynx, such as the bitter throat in a side pain, that is, lying on the side of the pain, do not swallow. (Liu Yuxi's chuanxinfang)
For the treatment of laryngocele: one jin of soap alum and three jin of rice vinegar. Mix and dry in the sun, and then blow it. Rinse the tea with a little ginger powder and swallow it. (Sun Tianren Jixiao Fang)
(16) for the treatment of sore throat with toxin or insects: realgar 7 points, alum 3 points, borax (calcined) 5 points. Top grind very fine, blow in, if very hot, use raw borax. (copy of Wanshi's prescription by Lu Xiong SAN)
It's called flaccid tongue. It's called flaccid tongue. It's not limited to the amount of alum. It's calcined red on the new tile. It's cool on the ground. It's grinded carefully. It's used to pry the foot of the toothbrush open and put it on the tongue. (summary of jiangnang green clothes powder)
(18) treatment of rotten string eye: Green alum fire calcination out of poison, fine research, soup clarification point wash. (Yonglei qianfang)
(19) treatment of Tang fire burns: pour it with soap alum and cold water, the pain will stop and the swelling will disappear. (Yang Cheng's empirical formula)
Treatment of body odor: Green alum is half baked and half baked, which is finely ground. Add a small amount of light powder and grind it fine. For half a dollar, rub it with ginger juice after bath. When it is very hot, the pain will stop
[clinical application] treatment of hookworm disease
Mix 1 jin of green alum and 2 liang of tung oil. Stir fry in a pot until the green alum is made into sauce, oil color and powder. Sift the powder through 100 mesh, add a small amount of dilute hydrochloric acid, and put it into capsules (0.8 g each). Adults take 2 tablets (1.6 g) twice a day before meals for 5-7 days. Children should cut down. Tea is forbidden during medication. Pregnancy, severe gastric ulcer and hematemesis within 3 months are forbidden. Thirty five cases were treated. One month after taking the medicine, the stool precipitates were examined by microscopy 1 to 2 times. The results showed that except 3 cases were still positive, the rest turned negative. In the first or second day after taking the medicine, the reaction was relatively large, such as abdominal burning, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache and dizziness, which generally did not need to be treated, and disappeared spontaneously after 2 days; in the more serious cases, the reaction could disappear quickly by acupuncture treatment. If you take 1.5g before going to bed every night for 10 days, the reaction is less.
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the compendium, it is said that "the function of green alum is the same as that of white alum, but its power is slow. According to Zhang Sanfeng's xianzhuan prescription, lumbering pill is used to treat the weakness of spleen and soil, the exuberance of liver and wood Qi, the liver being filled with spleen and soil, the heart and abdomen being full of disease, or the Yellow swelling as earth color. Taking this pill can help the soil and Yuan. Use 2 jin Atractylodes macrocephala, soak it in rice swill for 2 nights, mix it with 4 liang rice wine noodles, stir fry it red,
Chinese PinYin : Lv Fan
Yuncao. Chui Yun Cao
Searching mountain tiger in Fengwei. Feng Wei Sou Shan Hu
Rhynchophylla. Gou Teng
Bitter pot Luhua. Ku Hu Lu Hua
Seven leeches. Ma Huang Qi
Ox tendon. Niu Jin
Unicorn tail. Qi Lin Wei
To shoot. She Wang
Geranium. Tian Zhu Zi
Pinellia ternata. Tu Ban Xia
Snail shell. Wo Niu Ke
Xiaofan grass root. Xiao Shan Cao Gen