(Materia Medica from the beginning)
[synonyms] maocaoxiangzi (simple herbal medicine), Dengtai, shuanghehe (textual research on the name and reality of plants), duyecao (Herba caomibianfang), duyuecao (classified herbal medicine), duyuelian (Guizhou folk prescription Collection), xiaohuangxincao, baoxincao, waxingcao (Guangxi Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine plant), chuanxincao (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), jiaocao (collection of commonly used folk herbs), Paicao, Duijing Cao (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), hongganlian, Baota Cao (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine), Fuxin Cao (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), chuanxinjian, dragonfly Cao (Hangzhou medicinal plant annals), duijian, ligengxiang, dangguicao, xiaolianqiao (Quanzhou herbal medicine), shekaikou, yangzicao, yehanyan, jiaozhucao, yizicao, langchangcao (Hunan medicinal annals), shezhakou（ Guizhou herbal medicine, ye Baozhi, Fujian herbal medicine.
[source] it is the whole herb of yuanbaocao, a plant of gambogiaceae.
[plant morphology] yuanbaocao
Herbs perennial, ca. 60 cm tall, glabrous and smooth. Stem erect, branched, cylindrical; leaves opposite, long elliptic lanceolate, about 3-6 cm long, 2 cm wide, apex obtuse, entire, two leaves base connected as one, and stem runs through it, above green with purple red, below gray green, dense black glandular spots. Cyme terminal, flowers small, yellow; sepals 5, elliptic, unequal, with black spots; petals 5, broadly obovate, several as long as calyx; stamens 3 bundles, ovary 3-locular, style 3. Capsule ovoid, 3-locular, ca. 7 mm long, with reddish brown glandular dots. The flowering period is from June to July.
It grows on hillside and roadside. It is distributed from the south of the Yangtze River basin to Taiwan.
[collection] harvest from June to July, extract the whole grass, remove sediment impurities, and dry in the sun.
The whole grass is often broken when it is dried. The root length is about 3-7 cm, and the branch root is small and brown yellow. The stem is round, smooth, brownish yellow in appearance, about 2-5 mm thick; the nodes are slightly protuberant, the base nodes are dense, the top nodes are gradually sparse, and there are small branches, which are brittle and easy to break, and the section is hollow. The leaves are mostly shrunken and broken, showing a dark brown color. The back of the leaves is observed under an enlarged microscope, with black round glandular spots. The base of the leaf is connected in pairs, showing the shape of Yuanbao. The older stem has small yellow flowers at the top. The fruit is small. It is better to be dry, brown and yellow with leaves.
Produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan and other places.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "Ben Cao Cong Xin": "Xin, Han. "
② Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "bitter taste, flat nature, non-toxic. "
③ "Bitter, cold, poisonous. "
[Guijing] records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the liver and spleen meridians. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation, hemostasis and detoxification. It is used to treat hematemesis, bleeding, irregular menstruation, tumbling and tumbling, carbuncle swelling and sore poison.
① Ben Cao Cong Xin: "tonifying Yin. For hematemesis and bleeding. "
② "Baicaojing": "it is used to treat the pain and carbuncle. "
③ Simple herbal medicine: "treating Sha syndrome. "
④ "Treatment of breast carbuncle" in "textual research on the names and facts of plants". "
⑤ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "hemostasis, pain, defecation, menstruation, milk, birth. "
⑥ Classification of herbal medicine: "treat itch; remove blood stasis and generate new blood. Treatment of irregular menstruation. "
⑦ Guizhou folk medicine collection: "it can treat cold palace and black menstruation, relieve cough and stop night sweats. "
⑧ "Hunan medicine annals": "treating sore, furuncle, swelling and poison, snakebite. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: tamping.
[taboo] 1. Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records: "it is forbidden to take it if there is no blood stasis, and pregnant women should use it with caution. "
② "Quanzhou Materia Medica" says: "it is beneficial to take more medicine to break the Qi. "
[selected prescriptions] ① for cough due to yin deficiency: 1-22 yuanbaocao and 7-14 jujubes. Take the same decoction. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of cough and bleeding: fresh yuanbaocao two Liang (dry one or two), stewed with pork, even five to seven times. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of chronic pharyngitis, sound dumb: yuanbaocao, guangyeshuisu, kutiao each one or two, jinggucao, Xuanshen each five money. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of irregular menstruation: yueyuekai, motherwort, bisyuecao each one or two, a cup of dry wine, add water to fry, take three times. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
⑤ Treat red and white dysentery, urgent and heavy: take yuanbaocao Decoction with honey. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Cure mastitis: yuanbaocao Wuqian. Half fried in wine and water, twice served. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of sprain swelling and pain: fresh Yuanbao grass root five money, wine, water half fried; another use Yuanbao grass leaves, add wine lees with the same pound evenly applied to the wound. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of snakebite and finger picking: fresh Yuanbao grass is used to pound the affected area. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
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