(food materia medica by Yao Kecheng)
[synonym] spring fish.
[source] it is the meat of Cyprinidae.
[animal morphology] pseudolabiatus
The body is slightly long, round in front and flat in back. It is about 20 cm long. The back of the head is curved. The snout tip is blunt, and the snout skin extends forward to form the upper lip. There is a small part behind the lower lip covered by a small horny process. When the mouth opens, the snout and the inner surface of the lower lip turn out into a trumpet shape, and the mouth is in the middle of the trumpet. The posterior sulcus is limited to the corner of the mouth. 2 pairs of whiskers, the snout is as long as the eye diameter, and the lip is very small. The eyes are small, slightly above the cephalic side. The hypopharyngeal teeth have three rows, and the teeth are inclined. The scales are medium and large, the abdominal scales are small, and the lateral scales are 45-47. The dorsal fin Ⅱ 8, without hard spines, starts before the ventral fin. Anal fin Ⅲ 5. The upper part of the body is black or bluish black, the ventral surface is gray white, and each fin is slightly black. Most of the scales on the side of the body have black edges. From behind the gill hole to in front of the pectoral fin, the black patches are thick and form a large black spot.
They live in mountain streams, caves with flowing water and places where rivers have springs. The food is mainly diatom and aquatic insect larvae. The oviposition period is from March to April. It is distributed in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, Minjiang River and the middle and upper reaches of Xijiang River.
[sexual taste] sweet and non-toxic.
Functions and indications: tonifying vital energy and nourishing viscera. The treatment of diarrhea can not be cured for a long time. Also cure hematemesis, women collapse.
[usage and dosage] oral administration: cooked as vegetables.
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