(Ben Jing Feng Yuan)
[synonym] bird's nest vegetable (minbu Shu), bird's nest vegetable (compendium of Chinese Medicine), bird's nest vegetable (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine). Yangen (Medicine).
[source] it is a nest made of saliva or the mixture of saliva and feather by swiftlet and many other swallows of the same genus.
[animal form] swiftlet
The body length is about 9 cm. Mouth dark brown, short, slightly curved, base broad. The back is brownish black with slight luster; the waist is light; the abdomen is gray and reddish brown. The wings are long and sharp, the tip of the wing is far more than the tail when the wings are closed, the tail is short, and the tail feather is slightly square. The feet are very thin and weak, 4 toes are forward.
Most of them are found in tropical coastal areas. They nest in the deep and dark places of steep caves on islands. Strong in flight, not good at walking. The food is all kinds of flying insects. Distributed in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands.
The nests of C. vestita, C. inexpectata Hume and other species of swiftlets of the same genus are used as bird's nests for medicine.
[collection] in February, April and August. The Golden Swallow lays eggs in April every year. Before laying eggs, it must build a new nest. At this time, its throat mucous gland is very developed. The nest is made of pure mucus, white and clean, which is called "white swallow". At this time, if it is picked, the golden swallow immediately builds a nest for the second time, often with some down feathers and dark color, which is called "hairy swallow"; sometimes there are blood stains, which is called "blood swallow". "
[medicinal material] it is irregular in the shape of a half moon, about 6.5-10 cm in length and 3-5 cm in width. One side attached to the rock is flat, slightly uplifted outside, and the mucus congealing layer on the attached surface is arranged in a more orderly way. It is more delicate and wavy than the uplifted surface. The inside of the nest is rough and looks like loofah. It is hard and brittle, and its section is slightly horny. It is soft and bulky when entering water.
The products are divided into white swallow, hairy swallow and blood swallow. White swallows (also known as official swallows) are white, occasionally with a small number of downy feathers; hairy swallows are gray, with more gray black feathers; blood swallows contain reddish brown blood. The quality of white swallow is the best.
Produced in Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Japan and other places.
[chemical composition] natural bird's nest contains 10.40% water, 57.40% nitrogen, 22.00% fat, 1.40% fiber and 8.70% ash. The ash content of the feather removed bird's nest is 2.52%, which can be completely dissolved in hydrochloric acid, with phosphorus of 0.035% and sulfur of 1.10%; the hydrolysis of bird's nest yields at least 17.26% reducing sugar (based on glucose); it contains several kinds of protein, and its nitrogen distribution is as follows: amide nitrogen of 10.08%, black rot nitrogen of 6.68%, arginine nitrogen of 19.35%, cystine nitrogen of 3.39%, histidine nitrogen of 6.22%, lysine nitrogen of 2.46% and monoamine nitrogen of 50.19% %The non ammonia nitrogen content was 7.22%. Bird's nest also contains hexosamine and mucin like substances. Calcium, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur are the most in ash.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
② "Materia Medica from the new": sweet and light, flat. Bird's nest feet: slightly salty. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "it tastes sweet and salty, has a flat nature, and is slightly toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering lung, stomach and kidney channels.
① "Into the lung, spleen and kidney. "
② "Ben Cao Zai Xin": "enter the heart, lung and kidney channels. "
[function indications] nourishing yin and moistening dryness, supplementing qi and tonifying the middle. Treatment of deficiency, tuberculosis, cough, phlegm and asthma, hemoptysis, hematemesis, dysentery, malaria, choking and nausea.
① Physical knowledge: "stop urinating.". "
② "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "regulating and tonifying deficiency, treating cough and spitting red phlegm. "
③ Minxiaoji: "white (person) can heal phlegm disease, red (person) is beneficial to children's pox and rash. "
④ "Materia Medica from the new": "greatly nourish lung yin, remove phlegm and stop coughing, tonify and clear. It is the holy medicine for regulating deficiency and damage of tuberculosis. Because of lung deficiency, all diseases can be cured if they can't be cleared. Open stomach qi, have tuberculosis dysentery, benefit children pox rash. "Bird's nest feet: it can moisten the lower part of the body and is very effective in treating choking diaphragm. "
⑤ "The blood swallow can cure blood dysentery; the white one can cure diaphragmatic phlegm by steaming with pear and rock sugar. "
⑤ "Food taboo": "invigorating yang and Qi, harmonizing and appetizing, replenishing essence and marrow, moistening lung, stopping diarrhea for a long time, eliminating phlegm and salivation. "
⑦ "Ben Cao Zai Xin" says: "it can greatly invigorate the vital energy, moisten the lung and nourish yin, treat deficiency, cough, hemoptysis, hematemesis, induce fire to the source, smooth the intestines and appetizer. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: Pan Fried soup, stewed in separate soup, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan, or paste.
[should avoid] lung stomach deficiency cold, dampness phlegm stagnation and exterior evil,
According to the Diet Manual of suihanju: "don't throw in the evil prescriptions. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of phlegm and asthma in the elderly: one Qiubai pear, heart removed, one dollar into the bird's nest, first open the bubble, and then steamed with rock sugar. Take it every morning without interruption. (collected prescriptions of Wentang)
② Cure dysentery: white nest two money, ginseng four. The water is divided into seven parts, cooked in soup and eaten slowly. (save the bitter sea)
③ Treatment of nausea and vomiting: take human milk, eat more bird's nest. (collection of compendium)
④ Treatment of senile malaria and long-term malaria, infantile malaria, fetal heat: Bird's nest three money, rock sugar half money. Eat several times. (the trial prescription of Neijing Lei Bian)
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "bird's nest can make the golden water grow together, the kidney qi nourishes the lung, and the stomach qi can be calmed. It is the most docile food. It's rare to use it. Today, people use it to tonify deficiency, cough and spit red phlegm. It's often effective when it's cooked with rock sugar. However, it is only appropriate for the patients who are at the beginning of the disease. If the Yin fire is in full swing and the blood is running up, although it is used without aid, it is quiet and soft, and has no strong ear. "
② "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "bird's nest can enter lung qi, kidney nourishing water and stomach tonifying, so as to prevent dryness and stagnation. It is also a kind of medicine with mild to beautiful taste, so it is difficult to enter the deficiency tuberculosis medicine stone, which is often effective. However, if the fire is urgent, it should be saved by the use of Zhiyin Chongji. You should not rely on this lightness as the foundation of helping the weak and saving the life, so that you will lose your ears when you are exhausted. "
③ According to the compendium of compendium, the bird's nest is used to cook porridge or chicken juice. Although it is delicious, how can it be phlegm? If it is cooked with rock sugar, how can it help to clear the lung
④ Cao Bingzhang: "bird's nest, according to the records of food and drink, has the function of Tonifying Qi. If the spleen and lung are weak and everything is deficient in Qi, it is appropriate to take it. If it can strengthen the surface, and the skin leaks sweat and is afraid of wind, it is best to take it. Each one can weigh more than one or two, and its color is as white as silver. Qiongzhou people call it a cliff swallow, especially powerful. A kind of red, named Xueyan, can cure blood dysentery and replenish blood. "
Chinese PinYin : Yan Wo
Panax notoginseng root. Bai San Qi Gen
Murraya root. Jiu Li Xiang Gen
Anoectochilus roxburghii. Jin Xian Cao
Lentil coat. Bian Dou Yi
Spring flowers and trees. Chun Hua Mu
Old yangteng. Gu Yang Teng
Eulaliopsis binata 1. Long Xu Cao
Banyan root. Que Rong Gen
Shayuanzi. Sha Yuan Zi
Zizania latifolia. Shu Jiao Gua
Wulanren. Wu Lan Ren
Snake eggs. Wu She Luan