[synonyms] Rose (Tao Hongjing), wild rose (Dongyi Baojian), stone coral (compendium Collection).
[source] it is the fruit of Rosa multiflora. The plant morphology is detailed in "rose flower".
[collection] from August to September, it is better to harvest half green and half red immature fruits. After harvest, they should be dried in the shade, stored tightly, and not discouraged.
[herbal medicine] the dried fruit is ovoid, about 6-8 mm long, with petiole and persistent receptacle lobes at the top. The outer skin of the fruit is reddish brown and the inner skin is fleshy. The seeds are yellowish brown with white hairs between the flesh and seeds. The flesh is sweet and sour. It is better to be large, uniform, thick and free of impurities.
[chemical constituents] the fruit contains rosin or rutin and fatty oil (including palmitic acid, stearic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid). The pericarp contains lycopene and α - carotene.
Sour and cool.
① "Ben Jing": sour taste, warm. "
② Bielu: "slightly cold, non-toxic. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "bitter taste. "
[Guijing] Gangmu: "entering yangmingjing. "
[function indications] diuresis and heat removal, blood circulation and detoxification. Treatment of edema, beriberi, sores, carbuncle, adverse urination, menstrual abdominal pain.
① "Ben Jing": "it is mainly carbuncle and gangrene, with ulcers forming flesh. Falling (or falling) tendons and sores, heat and Yin erosion. It's good for the joints. "
② "Treatise on medicinal properties": "treating head sores, white alopecia, governing five internal organs and guest heat. "
③ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "to cure Shangjiao, it is necessary to have heat and good sleep. "
④ Ben Cao Hui Yan: "cool blood and detoxify. "
⑤ "Gangmu Shiyi": "treat postpartum soft paralysis. "
⑥ Modern Practical Traditional Chinese medicine: "in addition to rheumatism. For floating seeds, irregular menstruation, adverse urination, beriberi swollen full, mold scab, ringworm and other skin diseases caused by swollen full asthma cough, two blocked, abdominal distension stuffy use this effective. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-3 yuan; soak in wine or into pill or powder. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of nephritis, beriberi and edema of solid Constitution: one coin for Yingshi (grinding), two coins for Baogu Xu, two coins for jiegumuhua, two coins for coix seed and one coin for licorice. Take it by frying. (materia medica recommendation)
② The treatment of blood heat, carbuncle, swelling, heat rash and heat toxin is endless: two liang of yingshizi (stir fried and dried) and three liang of honeysuckle. Dry in the sun and soak in wine. (Qian Jin Fang)
③ Treatment of eye heat and dark eyes: Kochia, loquat, Yingshi each one or two. The last piece of medicine is a powder. Each service regardless of time, to temperature and sprinkle down two money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
④ Treatment of irregular menstruation, menstrual abdominal pain: fresh rose mature fruit three to four Liang. Fried juice, brown sugar and yellow rice wine. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Ying Shi
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Kuojin. Kuo Jin Ban
Salix matsudana. Ma Liu Guo
Pinellia ternata. Tu Ban Xia