(Guizhou herbal medicine)
[synonym] shanhuoxiang (Guizhou herbal medicine), shoufenglun, jiucengta, yementha, tianluocai, menghoecao (selected from the whole exhibition? Infectious diseases), duanxuexue (Anhui "study on the treatment of hemorrhagic disease by duanxuexue").
[source] it is the whole plant of Nepenthes of Labiatae.
[plant morphology] nepenthes
Perennial herb, fragrant, 50-100cm high, erect stem, square, pubescent. Leaves opposite, ovate, 1.5-4 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, apex obtuse, base broadly cuneate, margin coarsely serrate, stipitate. Cymose, with many flowers, at the top of branches or axils of leaves; bracts linear, with long cilia, not exceeding the middle of calyx tube: calyx tube shaped, 5-toothed, divided into 2 lips, lower lip not shorter than upper lip; corolla lip shaped, light red or purplish red. 4 nuts, smooth.
Born on the roadside, grass. It is distributed in East China, Southwest China, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, etc.
[collection] collection in summer and autumn.
[chemical composition] the water and alcohol extracts of aerial parts contain flavonoid glycosides, saponins, tannins, phenolic substances, amino acids, coumarin, sugars, inorganic salts, etc.
Intraperitoneal injection of Yinfenglun alcohol extract could significantly shorten the blood coagulation time in mice. After adding calcium chloride and n-butanol extract to oxalate blood of rabbits, the coagulation time was also shortened significantly. It can also be used to stop bleeding in rabbits and dogs. The arteries contracted significantly and the veins dilated slightly. The perfusion of frog's lower limbs made the blood vessels constrict. The blood pressure of anesthetized dogs decreased briefly after intravenous injection of warm extract.
② In vitro, the warm extract has bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella dysentery.
[nature and taste] Guizhou herbal medicine: "spicy, sweet and bitter, warm. "
[function indications] it can treat various kinds of bleeding, diphtheria, cold, abdominal pain, nameless swelling and poison.
Guizhou herbal medicine: "relieving exterior, dispersing cold, regulating qi and detumescence. "
To make it into decoction or bolus. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat cold: Radix agastache and Radix Bupleuri. Simmer water clothes.
② Treatment of abdominal pain: from Huoxiang one or two. Simmer water clothes.
⑧ Treatment of unknown swelling: Patchouli tamping down the affected area. (Guizhou Herbal Medicine published by Bian Fang)
[clinical application] ① for hemostasis
277 cases of bleeding were treated with Yinfenglun of various dosage forms. The results showed that 239 cases (86.3%) were markedly effective (complete hemostasis), 23 cases (8.3%) were effective (bleeding volume was significantly reduced), and 15 cases (5.4%) were ineffective. The total effective rate was 94.6%. Among them, obstetrics and Gynecology, surgery and urology have the best hemostatic effect, and they are also satisfied with the effect of internal medicine and ENT. But in general, the application of this product to stop bleeding at the same time, must be etiological treatment. Effective time after medication: according to the statistics of 142 cases treated by oral administration, 70.4% stopped bleeding within two days and 90.8% within five days; in 73 cases treated by external administration, 43.8% stopped bleeding within five minutes and 67.1% stopped bleeding within 10 minutes. According to preliminary observation, this product has hemostatic effect and etiological treatment effect on menorrhagia, functional uterine bleeding, ectopic pregnancy and thrombocytopenic purpura. For example, in cases of menorrhagia and functional uterine bleeding, the menstrual cycle, quantity and color basically return to normal after treatment; patients with ectopic pregnancy not only have satisfactory hemostatic effect, but also can promote blood absorption, so that abdominal pain and mass disappear, so that they can be cured without operation. Preparation and usage: one powder: clean the whole grass, dry, crush, pass through 100 mesh sieve, remove the coarse powder, take the fine powder for external use. When using it, wash the wound surface, sprinkle the powder on the affected area, and then bandage it after a little compression; or use multi-layer gauze or bandage to wrap the powder, add water to decoct it, and then fill it into the uterine cavity or nasal cavity to stop bleeding. Two pills: according to the above method to get fine powder, water pan into pills, drying. 2-3 yuan per time, 2-3 times a day. Three capsules: wash the whole herb, cut it up, add water to the medicated noodles, fry it for 24 hours, remove the dregs, concentrate the decocted juice, collect the cream, dry it, smash it, sift it through 200 meshes, and then put it into capsules with fine powder. Each capsule contains 5 grams of crude medicine. Take 2-3 capsules each time, 2-3 times a day. IV. injection: 2.5G crude drug per ml. Intramuscular injection, 2-4 ml each time, 2-3 times a day. Side effects: only a few cases felt noisy after taking pills, and some cases had mild constipation and diarrhea, which disappeared spontaneously after stopping taking pills. No other side effects and toxicity were found.
② Treatment of diphtheria
Wash and mash the whole fresh grass with cold boiled water, squeeze the juice and take it orally (store the juice in a cool place for no more than 2 days, and for no more than 4 days in winter). If it is overdue, it will be prohibited). The dosage and times of application depend on the severity of the disease, 5-40 ml each time, once every 1-4 hours until recovery. During the course of treatment, all cases were treated with penicillin injection, the dose was calculated as 50000 units / kg / day, and gradually decreased after the condition improved. The patients with severe cases and myocardial involvement were given intravenous injection of hypertonic glucose and vitamin C, and a large amount of vitamin B1 was used at the same time. If laryngeal obstruction occurs, tracheotomy should be performed immediately. 34 cases were treated, 20 cases were cured, 10 cases improved and 4 cases died (all of them were caused by laryngodiphtheria complicated with severe laryngeal obstruction, 3 cases refused tracheotomy and 1 case was operated too late). In the effective cases, the pharyngeal smear turned negative within 3-5 days, and the pseudomembrane disappeared after 3 days. It is believed that this product can inhibit the growth of diphtheria bacteria and neutralize diphtheria exotoxin. It has been observed that within a few minutes to an hour after taking the medicine, most cases will vomit and spit sticky phlegm, thus improving the condition; a few cases have mild diarrhea, but it will be cured after reducing the dosage or stopping the medicine. If attention is paid to the heating of the medicine, it can also be avoided. No other side effects were found.
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