(rihuazi materia medica)
[synonyms] Kuyi (Tao Hongjing), yeshanju (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), roadside chrysanthemum (a collection of herbs in Lingnan), huangjuzi (Chinese medicinal flora), yehuangju (Jiangsu medicinal flora), guiziju (Guangxi Chinese medicinal flora), shanjiuju (Liaoning Economic flora).
[source] it is the whole grass and root of Compositae plants, such as wild chrysanthemum, North wild chrysanthemum and rock fragrant chrysanthemum.
[plant morphology] 1
Perennial herbs, 30-60 cm high, also up to 120 cm. The top branches are usually white pilose and fragrant. Leaves alternate, ovate to oblong ovate, 4-6 cm long and 1.5-5 cm wide, with pinnate deep lobes, larger middle lobes, 2-3 pairs of lateral lobes, elliptic or oblong ovate, apex pointed, sparsely pilose above, white pubescence and glands below, dense along veins; petiolate. The head is terminal, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, several arranged in corymbose shape; involucre is hemispherical, outer bract is elliptic, slightly shorter than inner bract, margin is dry membranous, middle rib is green, woolly or pubescent, inner bract is long elliptic, all dry membranous; the outer part is glossy flower, light yellow, 1-2 layers, tongue is 11-13 mm long, 2.5-3 mm wide, without stamens; the middle part is smooth, smooth, smooth and smooth It is a tubular flower, dark yellow, 5-toothed apex, 5-stamen, anther aggregated, filament separated, pistil 1, style slender, stigma 2-lobed. Achene ca. 1. 5 mm long, 5-striated, base narrow. The flowering period is from September to October.
It grows on roadside, hill, wasteland and forest edge. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
② Chrysanthemum morifolium
Herbs perennial, up to 150 cm tall. Stem erect, stout, subbranched. Basal leaves sometimes wither. Leaves alternate, ovate oblong or broadly ovate, 3-7 cm long and 2.5-5 cm wide, apex pointed, base slightly cordate, truncate or suborbicular, pinnate or nearly palmate, 5-7-lobed, lobes narrowly ovate or oblong, with incised teeth, grayish white below, densely covered with forked pubescence and glands; petiolate. The inflorescences are numerous, 8-12 mm in diameter, at the end of branches, densely umbelliform, sometimes nearly umbelliform; the involucre is shallow cup-shaped, the bracts are long ovate, imbricate arranged, the middle rib is green, leathery, the edge is membranous, brown; the ligulate flowers are yellow, and the tubular flowers are sparsely glandular.
In roadside, mountain or hilly grassland. It is distributed in Northeast and Hebei.
③ Chrysanthemum morifolium
Herbs perennial, up to 150 cm tall. The stem is erect, with many forked branches and micro hairs, which is rarer than that of Dendranthema indicum. The leaves are thin, long ovate, 1-2-pinnate or palmate, lobes long elliptic ovate, lanceolate, acutely serrate, slightly pilose below; the stipules are not prominent. Inflorescence numerous, 8-12 mm in diameter, on branch ends, slightly drooping, integrated into subumbelliform; involucre hemispherical, bracts 3-4 rows; ligulate flower 1 row. Long oval, yellow with central tubular flowers.
Born on rocky hillside and roadside. It is distributed in Northeast, North China, northwest, East China and southwest.
The inflorescence of the above plants (Chrysanthemum indicum) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn and dry in the sun.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb of Chrysanthemum indicum contains volatile oil, linarin, luteolin glycoside, cyanidin, chrysanthin, polysaccharide, coumarins and chrysanthemum lactone. The main components of volatile oil are camphene, camphor and caraganone.
[pharmacological action] see "wild chrysanthemum".
Bitter, pungent and cold
① Tao Hongjing: "it tastes bitter. "
② "Bitter, cold" in the collection of herbs in the south of the Five Ridges. "
③ "Luchuan Materia Medica": "sweet, cold. "
④ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is mild in nature, bitter and pungent in taste, and non-toxic. "
[function indications] clearing away heat and toxin. It is used to treat carbuncle, rash, red eyes, rash, pemphigus and eczema.
① In the collection of Materia Medica, it is said that "if a woman breaks the blood, she can eat it with blood in her abdomen. And stop the discharge. "
② "Gangmu": "treatment of carbuncle and swelling, heat toxin, heat, eye breath. "
③ "Gangmu Shiyi": "treatment of snake bite, plum sores, pemphigus. "
④ Textual research on the names, facts and pictures of plants. "
⑤ "Detoxification, herbal medicine classification". Treatment head dizziness, men's virtual Lin, women's leucorrhea. "
⑥ Lu Chuan's materia medica: "clearing heat and detoxifying. It can cure warm heat, headache, red eye and dysentery. "
⑦ "Commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai": "treatment of rhinitis, bronchitis, sore throat, eczema, skin itching. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-4 yuan (fresh 1-2 Liang); or mashed juice. External use: tamping or boiling; or nasal plug.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of scabies: Chrysanthemum root, Acorus root and ginger, one or two each. Fried in water, served with water and wine. (medical banknote category)
② The treatment of carbuncle, gangrene and swelling, all unknown swelling poison: a wild chrysanthemum, even the stem smashed, fried in wine, hot take sweat, to apply the residue. (Sun Tianren Jixiao Fang) hold the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium and Xanthium sibiricum, pound them together, put them into a bowl of wine, take the juice, sweat them, and apply them with dross. (Yi Jian Fang for health)
③ For those who can't break the sores: wild chrysanthemum root, mash it and take it with decocting wine, and still use the decocting chrysanthemum root as the final application. (ruizhutang experience recipe)
④ Cure day bubble wet sore: wild chrysanthemum root, jujube wood. Wash the soup. (Fu Zi, medical integration)
⑤ For women with breast carbuncle: mash the chrysanthemum leaves on the side of the road with yellow sugar and apply it to the affected area. (records of Lingnan herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of centipede bite: wild chrysanthemum root, grind or mash around the wound. (records of Lingnan herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of diphtheria: a wild chrysanthemum or two, and a little vinegar, mash juice, rinse with boiling water. Two wild chrysanthemum leaves and half a spoonful of vinegar, mash the wild chrysanthemum leaves, add white vinegar, mix well and apply it on the throat. (prescription of traditional Chinese medicine in Guizhou)
③ Prevention and treatment of malaria: a fresh chrysanthemum rubbing. Nasal congestion. Two hours a day, two nostrils alternately, for three days. Two fresh wild chrysanthemums, one or two. Take it in water. Three days in a row. (Xuzhou, selection of new medical therapies based on single prescription)
Chinese PinYin : Ye Ju
Illicium verum. Ba Jiao Feng Hua
Lotus bract root. He Bao Hua Gen
Crucian carp head. Ji Yu Tou
Big pass yellow. Da Guo Lu Huang
longan pulp. Long Yan Rou
Glutinous rice swill. Nuo Mi Gan
buckwheat. Qiao Mai
Musk meat. She Rou
Broomcorn stalk. Shu Jing
Civil thief. Tu Mu Zei
Acanthopanax giraldii Baile. Wu Jia Pi Bai Le
Paris polyphylla. Zhong Lou Qi Ye Yi Zhi Hua