(save famine materia medica)
[synonyms] yayacao, yashicao, shuibanban, yachicao, jincomb, shuibandeng, tanmuye, zhashuiban, shuibanya, shuihuanglian, tanmuye and tanmuye.
[source] it is the whole plant of Potamogeton Potamogeton.
[plant morphology] Potamogeton
Herbs perennial aquatic, stoloniferous; stems slender, suberect, ca. 1 mm in diam. Floating leaves slightly leathery, lanceolate or lanceolate ovate, 4-13 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, entire, apex obtuse or sharp, base nearly round; petiole 6-11 cm long; stipules sharp, 2-5 cm long. Spikes 2-5 cm long, attached to 3.5-8.5 cm long stems; perianth 4 pieces, green, tweezers arranged; stamens 4, sessile, anthers cracking outward; pistils 4, sessile, separated, 1-locular. Small drupe obliquely obovate, 3.5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, slightly flat on the side, semilunar on the back, suborbicular ventrally, with 3 keel ridges, apex nearly flat, not beaked. The flowering period is from June to July.
Born in still water. It is distributed all over China.
The tender root of this plant is also used for medicine. See special section for details.
All parts of the plant are smaller than those of the previous species. The leaves submerged in water are linear, 6 cm long; the leaves floating on water are elliptic or lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm long and 4-10 mm wide. The flower stem is 1 cm long, the spike is 0.5-1 cm long, the fruit is 1.5 mm long, the keel ridge on the back is chicken shaped, and the style part on the top is star beaked. The flowering period is from May to June.
It is distributed in Northeast China, East China and the Yangtze River Basin.
[collection] harvest from March to April and dry in the sun.
[pharmacological action] shuihanban is an effective anti Ascaris drug. It has been used to determine its median lethal dose by gavage in mice. The dosage of shuihanban reached 12.5 g / kg / day (equivalent to 16 times of the current maximum), so its toxicity is very low.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is cold in nature and bitter in taste. "
② "Guiyang folk herbs": "sweet and astringent, cold, non-toxic. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is cool in nature, slightly bitter in taste and non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: heat clearing, diuresis, hemostasis, detumescence and Ascaris elimination. Treat dysentery, jaundice, gonorrhea, take down. Blood collapse, hemorrhoids, ascariasis, red and swollen sore.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "stop red and white dysentery, large intestine blood, woman red collapse, leakage of blood. "
② "Classification of herbal medicine nature": "for the treatment of burning eye, women's leucorrhea, irregular menstruation, and for the treatment of distention and itching. "
③ Guiyang folk herbs: "clearing away heat and toxin, stopping bleeding, treating hemorrhoids and bleeding. "
④ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals:" Xiaoqi distension, treatment of jaundice, scrofula, hemorrhoids, and treatment of children grub gas abdominal pain. "
⑤ "Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine": "clearing heat, improving eyesight, promoting dampness and diuresis, relieving pain. Treat acute conjunctivitis, toothache, jaundice, sore, furuncle and carbuncle. "
⑥ "Treating Ascaris lumbricoides" in Chengdu "treatment manual of common herbs". "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-4 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: tamping.
[formula selection] ① those who have been treating Chibai dysentery for a long time: Potamogeton tuberosum and Shancha are divided into equal parts, and the two pieces of granulated sugar are fried together. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
② Treatment of jaundice: eye vegetables one or two , decoction oral.
③ Treatment of heat drenching: eye vegetables two Liang , fried water to slag, fried sweet wine service.
④ Treatment of intestinal wind blood (hemorrhoids bleeding): eye vegetables one or two, Toona root skin five money, Huaijiao five money. Stew it in the rectum of a pig.
⑤ Rule often nosebleed: with vegetables one or two, green shell duck eggs two, with Potamogeton add water to boil juice, juice boiled egg flower, take one time.
⑥ Fire eye: several fresh leaves of cauliflower, pasted on the eyelid, dry and then change. (2) Guiyang folk herbs is listed below.)
⑦ Cure sores and boils: the fresh leaves of Potamogeton tuberosum are appropriate, mixed with rotten external application. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] it is used to drive Ascaris
Take the powder and add water for 8 hours. 89 cases were treated by the two methods, and the excretion rate was 48.3%. If the dosage is reduced, the curative effect will be reduced. Even if the treatment days are increased, the curative effect will not be significantly improved. During the treatment, some children complained of mild abdominal pain, but most of them disappeared spontaneously after a few hours; a few children had loose stools for 1-2 times, and the rest had no other side effects.
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Luobao. Luo Bao
Motherwort. Mu Cao
San Bai Cao. San Bai Cao
Bergamot. Shi Gan Zi
Astronomy grass. Tian Wen Cao
Bear bone. Xiong Gu