[synonyms] tuoqing (Ben Jing), Dulong and Qinghong (Wu Pu Ben Cao), Sheyao, qingkan and Qingxing (Guang ya).
[source] it is the dried whole worm of meloideae.
Body slender, about 1.8 cm long. Blue black, shiny. There are sparse incisions on the head and a pair of compound eyes on the front of the forehead. The antennae are 11, and the central antennae of the male are very enlarged. The anterior thorax and back are thin, slightly cylindrical, with narrow central bundle and sparse small incisions. Coleoptera is short, soft, blue, the tip of the wing is thin, not reaching the tail, and the wing surface is straight and wrinkled. Three pairs. It has 2 claws.
Adults often live in grass. The larva is long in shape, with two tail hairs and three pairs of feet. It grows up to be maggot like without feet and lives under the bark.
[collection] catch in summer and autumn, scald to death with boiling water, and dry in the sun.
[processing] stir fry the same rice until it is brown. Remove the rice, remove the wings and feet.
In the treatise on Lei Gong's frying, it is said that "to use the ground gall, scrape it with a copper knife as the end, grind it carefully, sift it with heavy silk, and grind it for more than a thousand times. "
It is pungent, cold and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes pungent and cold. "
② Bielu: "poisonous. "
③ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "Xin, Wen, toxic. "
[function indications] attack poison and remove blood stasis. For external use, it can be used to treat ulcers and nasal polyps; for internal use, it can be used to treat scrofula.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it is mainly about cold and heat, rat fistula, ulcers, dead muscles, broken Baihuang, abortion. "
② Bielu: "the evil flesh in the sores, the polyps in the nose, the scattered Qi and stone drenching, the removal of the son, take a knife, and then go down.". "
③ According to the theory of medicinal properties, "it can propagate the root of scrofula from childhood and vomit it from the upper; it can cure the nose?"?. "
④ "Compendium": "for the treatment of pain caused by hernia accumulation, the remaining work is the same as that of cantharidin. "
[usage and dosage] external use: grind the powder and apply it, foam it or apply it with wine. Oral: Yanmo into pills, powder.
[should not] it is highly toxic and should be taken with caution; it should not be taken for body deficiency and pregnant women.
Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu: "evil licorice. "
[prescription selection] ① for nasal polyp enlargement and obstruction of breath: ten pieces of Shengdi gallbladder. Asarum half (end), angelica half (end). On to the gallbladder pressure to juice, and medicine powder, to apply on the polyp, cancel for degree. It is also the only way to fill the bamboo slips with earth bile. If there is no living, it is used to make wine and juice. (Sheng Hui Fang)
② For the treatment of scrofula, there are pus: ground gall (remove head, feet and wings, stir fried with glutinous rice, make it yellow), spotted cat (remove head, feet and wings, stir fried with glutinous rice, make it yellow), cow bezoar (bieyan), ten Yuanqing (stir fried with glutinous rice, make it yellow), and thirty raw soybean yellow. The five tastes are: four of the Wutong is the last, then the calculus is added to the bezoar, and the honey is the pill. Take one pill for each, and take the hollow tea. (DI Dan Wan in Shengji Zonglu)
③ Treatment of small intestine Qitong: ground gall (to wing, foot, head, micro fried), cinnabar each half two, talc one or two. For the end, use the bitter stick to drink before eating two yuan. (xuanming Lun Fang)
Chinese PinYin : Di Dan
Angelica sinensis. Dang Gui Teng
Angling orchid. Diao Lan
Red anemone. Hong Tian Kui
Human urine. Ren Niao
Mountain smoke. Shan Da Yan
Shiwei. Shi Wei
Berchemia lineata. Tie Bao Jin
Rabbit liver. Tu Gan
Stannous rattan. Xi Sheng Teng
Xiaobaibu. Xiao Bai Bu
Betel nut. Ye Bin Lang
Root of wild lacquer tree. Ye Qi Shu Gen