(Lei Gong Paozhi Lun)
[synonyms] Qilin Jie (Lei Gong Paozhi Lun), Haila (Hou Ningji's Yao PU), Qilin Xue (Sheng Hui Fang), and muxue (Diannan materia medica).
[source] resin from the fruit and trunk of Elaeagnus angustifolia.
[plant morphology] qilinjie, also known as Keliu (Tang materia medica).
Perennial evergreen vines, 10-20 m long, stem sheathed and covered with spines. Pinnate compound leaves alternate at shoot, sometimes nearly opposite at xialang; leaflets alternate, linear lanceolate, ca. 20-30 cm long, ca. 3 cm wide, apex acute, base narrow, veins 3 parallel; petioles and rachis acutely spiny. Fleshy inflorescence, with pale yellow coronoid flowers, unisexual, dioecious; perianth 6, arranged in 2 rounds; stamen 6, anther long conical; female flower with sterile stamen 6, pistil 1, vase shaped, ovary slightly ovoid, densely scaly, style short, stigma 3-cleft. The fruit is drupe shaped, ovoid, about 2-3cm in diameter, reddish brown, with yellow scales. The fruit contains dark liquid resin, which often exudes from under the scales and looks like a blood clot after drying. 1 seed.
It is distributed in Indonesia, Malaysia and Iran; it is also cultivated in Guangdong and Taiwan.
[collection] take the fruit and boil it in the steamer to make the resin seep out; or take the fruit and mash it, put it in the cloth bag to extract the resin, then boil it into syrup, and cool it to solidify into lumps. Some trees are cut or drilled with small holes to make the resin naturally exude and solidify.
[medicinal materials] the dried resin is an amorphous block with different sizes. There are grooves on the surface and the cloth patterns left by the cloth bag. It is reddish brown or purplish brown. It is hard and brittle, with purple brown to black brown section, glassy luster and sometimes small holes. If you burn it with fire, it will smoke and choke your nose. The powder is bright red. No aroma, sweet and salty, chewy sand sample. The exterior color is as black as iron, and the end of research is as red as blood.
It is mainly produced in Malaysia, Indonesia, Iran, etc.
In addition, there is Dracaena sokotla, a resin from Dracaena Dracaena, a species of Agave family. It is small teardrop like or fragmentary, less than 2 cm long, with glass like cross section and wine red thin section. No benzoic acid smell when heated. Of East Africa.
A new species of hemlock tree, also known as Dracaena cambodiana, was found in Yunnan, China. Its resin has the same function as the above species. For plant morphology, please refer to "leaves of iron mountain".
[chemical composition] it is a mixture of resinous ester and resinous tanning alcohol of Dracaena Draconis, containing about 57-82%; it also contains about 2.5% of amorphous Dracaena Draconis pigment, about 14% of yellow Dracaena Draconis resin hydrocarbon, 0.3% of insoluble resin, 18.4% of plant dregs, 0.03% of ochromophene and 8.3% of ash.
[pharmacological action] antifungal action. Draconis Draconis water extract (1:2) had different degrees of inhibition on Trichophyton violaceus, Trichophyton Gypsophila, Xanthomonas schlegeli and other pathogenic fungi in vitro.
[processing] wipe off the dust, knock it into small pieces, dry it in a lime jar in dry weather in winter, and then grind it into powder.
"Lei Gong Paozhi Lun:" if you want to use Qilin, first grind it into powder and sift it again. Don't pound it with other medicines and turn it into flying dust. "
[flavor] sweet and salty, flat.
① "Lei Gong Paozhi Lun": "taste slightly salty and sweet. "
② Tang materia medica: "it tastes sweet and salty, flat and has little poison. "
③ "Materia medica Mengluo" says: "it tastes pungent and salty, has a flat Qi, and has little poison. "
[Guijing] into the heart and liver channels.
① The compendium of Chinese medicine: "the hands and feet Jueyin. "
② In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "entering the foot Jueyin, hand shaoyinjing. "
③ New edition of materia medica: "into the kidney. "
Functions and indications: dispersing blood stasis and relieving pain, stopping bleeding and promoting muscle regeneration. It can be used for the treatment of contusion, internal injury, blood stasis and pain.
① "Tang Materia Medica" says: "it governs the five viscera evil Qi, takes it down, relieves pain, breaks the accumulation of blood, and creates raw meat. "
② "Haiyao Materia Medica": "it mainly deals with injury and damage, all kinds of pain, tonifying deficiency, blood gas stirring and pricking, internal injury and blood gathering, and is suitable for drinking. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "for the treatment of all vices and scabies, if it is not suitable for a long time, apply it. This medicine is impatient and can not be used more, but it causes pus. "
④ Wang Haogu: "it's not enough to nourish the heart. "
⑤ "Compendium": "pain of dispersing stagnant blood, blood gas of women, children?"??. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: grind powder, 1-3 points; or into pills. External use: grind the powder to scatter or put into the plaster to apply.
(1) the Buddhist monk of Yiliang was forbidden to use the Chinese herbal medicine. "
② The classic of materia medica: "it is not necessary to use it when there is no blood stasis in blood diseases. "
[prescription selection] 1. The pain is intolerable: one or two pieces of Kirin blood, one or two pieces of myrrh, one or two pieces of Angelica (file, slightly fried), two pieces of Angelica dahurica, one or two pieces of red peony, one or two pieces of Guixin. Pound fine Luo for powder, each service, to warm wine under two money, three, four service. (shenghuifang Qilin blood powder)
② Treatment of abdominal blood clots: Dragon's blood, myrrh, talc, peony skin (with cooked) each one or two. For the end, vinegar paste pills, Wutong Zi big, take it. (pick Yuan Fang)
③ Treatment of postpartum septicemia Chong heart, chest full of asthma: true blood, research for fine powder, warm wine tune service. (Xuejie powder in Zhu Shi Ji Yi Fang)
④ Treatment of epistaxis: Dragon's blood, pollen Typhae, etc. For the end, blow it. (Yilin Jiyao)
⑤ The treatment of scrofula has been broken, more than pus: Dragon's blood (fried) two and a half money, jujube twenty (burned to ash), dry Rehmannia half two (do not end). On the three flavors, are fine grind such as powder, to saliva tune paste sore. (Sanguis Draconis powder in Boji Fang)
⑥ Cure all unexpected sores, deep years do not heal: Dragon's blood one or two, lead half two (fried purple). On two flavor, pound grind for powder, first with salt Chang wash sore after paste. (Sanguis Draconis powder in Shengji Zonglu)
⑦ It is not suitable for treating acne: apply it at the end of Sanguisorba, and take dryness as the degree. (Ji Ji Xian Fang)
⑧ Treatment of hemorrhoids and leakage pain can not bear: Sanguisorba, for the fine end, with saliva from the body to adjust the coating, frequency is wonderful. (Sanguis Draconis powder in Yang's family's Tibetan prescription)
⑨ The treatment of ingrown nail pain: blood at the end of the application. (Yilin Jiyao)
⑩ Treatment of white tiger wind, walking pain, two knee swelling: Kirin exhausted one or two, sulfur one or two (careful study). Pound Luo for powder, research order even, to warm wine tune next money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
[anaphylactic reaction] anaphylactic reaction caused by oral administration of Resina Draconis
After taking Draconis Draconis orally, a patient suffered from pruritus all over his body, skin flushing on his limbs, chest and back, fading under pressure, obvious angioneurotic edema on his hands and feet, one big blister of 4x4cm on both sides of his feet and the joint of his legs, dozens of blisters of bean size around him, redness on his face, edema on his eyelids, shortness of breath, dizziness, etc.; examination: temperature under the armpit 38.9 ℃, pulse 92 times / min, exhale 24 times / min, blood pressure 80 / 65 mmHg, the rest were normal. It was cured by antiallergic treatment. After that, the patch test was carried out with Draconis Draconis which was taken orally, and the control was made with yellow rice wine (because the patient was allergic to Draconis Draconis which was washed by Huang SA) and distilled water. The results showed that the red papules within 4x4cm appeared on the patch of Draconis Draconis, with local itching and no systemic reaction, and the papules subsided after 24 hours; while the local skin of the control group which was made with yellow rice wine and distilled water was negative. Therefore, the clinical application of Resina Draconis can not be considered as completely safe. If necessary, allergy test should be done first to avoid adverse consequences.
Chinese PinYin : Xue Jie
Schisandra chinensis Leaves. Nan Wu Wei Zi Ye
Sea pumice. Hai Fu Shi
Plumbago. Bai Hua Dan
Pangolin. Chuan Shan Jia
Hedgehog skin. Ci Wei Pi
Clove bark. Ding Xiang Shu Pi
Rhynchophylla. Gou Teng
settle down. Luo Di Sheng Gen
Winternut. Nai Dong Guo
Celastrus angustifolia. Niu Ma Teng
Aconitum. Wu Kou Shu
Convolvulus. Xuan Hua