(notes on materia medica)
[synonyms] Jindeng (materia medica), Pyrola (empirical formula), shancizi (Baiyi selected formula), shancigu (Diannan materia medica), Zhugu, guidengyu (compendium), Maogu (Materia Medica from the new), maocigu (collection of medicinal materials), nibingzi (manual of Chinese medicinal materials), chugu, baidili, baimaogu (Pharmacology).
[source] it is the pseudobulbous stem of Orchidaceae, such as Rhododendron, Allium, etc.
[plant morphology] 1. Rhododendron
Perennial herbs, about 40 cm high. Pseudobulbar ovoid, fleshy. 1 (～ 2) apical leaves, lanceolate, oblong, 20 ～ 30 cm long, 4 ～ 5 cm wide, apex slightly pointed, base cuneate, with 3 longitudinal main veins, entire, petiolate. The inflorescence is 10-20 cm long, with 10-20 flowers, lateral; bracts are linear lanceolate, membranous, about 3 cm long, apex acute; flowers are pendulous, green to reddish purple; sepals and petals are linear oblanceolate, 3-3.5 cm long, apex acute, lip thick, about 3 cm long, base slightly expanded, apex nearly 3-lobed, lateral Lobes lanceolate, middle lobe oblong, about 9 mm long, apex truncate, reflexed; stigma 2.5 cm long. Capsule 2-2.5 cm long, sessile, pendulous. It blooms in summer.
It's in the wet and shady place. Distribution of the Yellow River basin to southwest, South China and other places.
② Single garlic orchid, also known as: ice hockey.
Perennial herbs. Pseudobulbar narrowly ovate or conical, long necked, bottle shaped, 1.5-2 cm high. Leaves 1, elliptic lanceolate, ca. 10 cm long, ca. 2 cm wide, on top of pseudobulbar. Scapes erect, with one flower, 2-3 sheaths at the lower part; bracts oblong, 2-3 cm long; sepals nearly erect, lanceolate, 4 cm long; petals nearly linear, 4.5 cm long; labellum gradually enlarged from the base of cuneiform, 4 cm long, with inconspicuous 3-lobes; the middle part is unequal square, the edge is erosive tearing, without keel protuberance above; ovary inferior, thin. Capsule oblong, erect, connected to stipe, nearly 3 cm long.
It's on the rocks. It is distributed in Southwest China.
The leaves (leaves) and flowers (flowers) of the above plants are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] from May to June, dig the pseudocorms, remove the stems, leaves and fibrous roots, wash them and dry them in the sun.
[medicinal materials] ① the dried pseudobulbar of Rhododendron is spherical, pointed, round or slightly flat, with a diameter of 1-2 cm. The appearance is brown or grayish brown with small wrinkles. There is a round peduncle mark at the top; there are fibrous roots at the depression of Dilang, about 1-3cm long and 1-2mm thick; there are concave or protruding links at the waist, commonly known as "belt". The pseudobulbar is surrounded by sparse or dense golden yellow filamentous hairs and black fine hairs. Or the fibrous roots and skin have been removed. Solid quality, yellow white or black heart, rough. It is light in taste, slightly fragrant and sticky in water. It is better to be big, plump, yellow white and solid.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.
② The dry pseudobulbar of Cymbidium alopecuroides is spherical or irregular, 1-1.5cm in diameter, the top is gradually protruding, the base is umbilicate, with fibrous roots or fibrous root marks. The belt is often in the concave part, so it is not very obvious. The surface of the belt is yellow white, light yellow or grayish yellow when the skin is knocked off. The belt with skin is light brown or brown, smooth, or has wrinkles and deep grooves. It is hard and hard to break, and its section is translucent. Weak Qi, light taste, slightly bitter, slightly sticky.
In addition to the above-mentioned varieties, there are pseudobulbous stems of the genus Allium from Yunnan (see Bletilla striata) and the genus Cymbidium from Sichuan and Tibet, which are also used as medicine for Sagittaria.
[processing] remove the fibrous roots, wash, soak in water for 2-4 hours, remove and moisten, slice and dry. It can also be used for mashing.
[flavor] sweet and pungent, cold.
① "There is a little poison in the collection of Materia Medica. "
② "Gangmu": "Gan Wei Xin, there is a small poison. "
③ Ben Cao Jing Shu: "the taste is pungent and the Qi is cold. "
[Guijing] into the liver and spleen meridian.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "entering the spleen and lung meridians. "
② Ben Cao Zai Xin: "entering the liver and lung meridians. "
[function indications] detumescence, Sanjie, phlegm, detoxification. It is used to treat carbuncle, gangrene, swelling, pain, sore throat, snake, insect and rabies.
① "Materia medica notes:" the main carbuncle swelling, sore fistula, tuberculosis, etc., vinegar grinding application, also in addition to??. "
② "Diannan Materia Medica": "eliminate the phlegm of Yin, stop cough, treat throat obstruction, stop sore throat. In the treatment of toxic sores, carbuncle and gangrene are attacked, and the sores are swollen and poisonous. Ulceration occurs when there is pus, and elimination occurs when there is no pus. "
③ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "the main body is swollen, attacking poison and breaking skin. Detoxify all poisons, snake, insect and rabies. "
④ "Materia medica re new": "treatment of fever, phlegm fire, sore rash, acne, tuberculosis. Kill all insects. "
⑤ Pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine: "it is sticky and slippery medicine. It is used for vomiting and dysentery. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-2 yuan; grind juice or put into pill or powder. External use: grinding juice or grinding powder.
[taboo] patients with deficiency of vital energy should take it carefully.
[prescription selection] ① for carbuncle and ulcer, wounds caused by soup, fire, snake, insect, dog and animal, epidemic disease, mountain haze and miasma, closed throat, long-term illness and fatigue; for mushroom, zizanzi, arsenic poison, dead cattle, horse and puffer poison: Meretrix meretrix (thumping, washing, baking, end), Sagittaria shancigu (peeling, end), musk (another research), Qianjinzi (shelling, research, degreasing, cream) or two, red Tooth Euphorbia (to reed, baked, end) in half. Boiled with glutinous rice, then divided into 40 pills. Take one pill each time, grind it with Jinghua water or mint soup, and take it once or twice. Use porridge to stop it. (Yu Shu Dan in surgical essentials, namely Jiedu WanBing pill in Bai Yi Xuan Fang)
② For the treatment of carbuncle, gangrene, sores and jaundice: Sagittaria (liangen), Xanthium sibiricum, etc. Mash, take good wine for one hour, strain juice and warm. Or dry for the end, each wine three money. (business in heaven and earth)
③ To rub: Mountain Sagittaria root, rammed on the surface. (Puji Fang)
④ Nevus bullosa. Use shancimu root every night and wash it away in the morning.
⑤ The gums are swollen and painful. Gargle with the branches and roots of Sagittaria Sagittaria at any time and spit out after gargling.
⑥ Carbuncle pain. Use Sagittaria (root), Xanthium grass and other parts, mash. Take a good glass of wine, strain out the juice and take it gently. Or two drugs dry research into the end, each take three money, wine sent down.
⑦ Wind phlegm disease. With a mountain arrowhead, drop tea ground mud. At noon, take tea and lie in the sun for a while. Then, evil things will spit out and the disease will break its roots. If you don't vomit, you can drink some hot tea.
⑧ All sores, snakes, insects, food, miasma, etc. With "Wan Bing Jie Du Wan" (a "Tai Ji Zi Jin Dan", "Yu Shu Dan"). "Dan's family is far away from home, and his troops are moving people, which is indispensable.". The formula is as follows: Mountain arrowhead, peeled, washed, baked, take two Liang; Sichuan gallnut, washed, baked, take two Liang; Qian Jin Zi Ren, ground fine, press paper to remove oil, take one or two; red tooth Euphorbia, to reed, washed, baked, take one or two half; musk three money. Each medicine was made into powder, mixed with thick glutinous rice soup, and pounded carefully to make a medicine of one money and one tablet. Consider the condition, or external treatment, or oral.
Chinese PinYin : Shan Ci Gu
Auspicious grass. Ji Xiang Cao
Ailanthus leaf. Chu Ye
Onion juice. Cong Zhi
One legged Mandarin. Du Jiao Gan
Juglans regia. Hu Tao Hua
Orange root. Ju Gen
Capsicum head. La Jiao Tou
Achyranthes bidentata. Po Niu Xi
Shuimucao. Shui Mu Cao
Artemisia rupestris on the snow. Xue Shang Yi Zhi Hao
Drop stone. Di Shi
Palm root. Zong Shu Gen