Bone seeking wind
(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[synonyms] qinggufeng and Maoer ("Nanjing folk herbs"), chuandijie, Maoxiang, Baimaoteng, didingxiang, huangmuxiang ("Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi"), baimianfeng and rabbit ear ("Jiangxi folk herbs").
[source] it is the rhizome or whole grass of Aristolochiaceae.
[plant morphology] Aristolochia pilosa
Perennial twining herbs, the whole plant is densely covered with white yellow wool. Stem slender, with several longitudinal grooves. Leaves alternate, ovate or ovate heart-shaped, 3-10 cm long and 3-7.5 cm wide, apex pointed or obtuse, base heart-shaped, entire, densely woolly on both sides, especially densely thick below; petiole 1.5-4 cm long. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, pedicel 2-4 cm long; bracts 1, ovoid, ca. 5 mm long; perianth curved, upper end pipe shaped, inner yellow, central purple; stamens 6, anthers attached around syncytial style; ovary inferior, 6-locular, style apex 6-lobed. Capsule ellipsoid obovate, intercellular dehiscent. The seed is flat. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruit period is from September to October.
It grows on the grass of hillside, roadside and field. It is distributed in Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hubei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi and other places.
[collection] harvest and dry before flowering in May.
[herbal medicine] ① the dried rhizome is thin cylindrical, 40-50 cm long, about 2 mm in diameter, light brown red to yellow ochre in appearance, with longitudinal wrinkles, fibrous roots or residual round spot like root marks at nodes. The section is fibrous, whitish and light brown, and the fibrous layer and vessel group are very obvious.
② The stem of dry whole grass is slender and covered with white wool; the leaves are usually wrinkled or broken, light green and covered with white wool on both sides. The air is slightly fragrant and the taste is slightly bitter. Red brown rhizome is better.
Produced in Jiangsu, Hunan, Jiangxi and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains alkaloids, volatile oil, lactones and sugars.
[pharmacological action] ① effect on experimental arthritis in rats
The volatile koji of Aristolochia Lanmao and the total alkaloids have obvious preventive effect on egg white arthritis in rats, but the non alkaloid part is ineffective. The preparation prepared by ethanol precipitation of cold soak once has effect on egg white arthritis and formaldehyde arthritis, but if precipitated twice and sterilized by high pressure, it will lose effect.
② Anti swelling and pain effect
When the whole herb powder was mixed in the feed, the mice had obvious inhibitory effect on Ehrlich ascites cancer and the total number of ascites cells, as well as the subcutaneous Ehrlich cancer. The decoction is also effective. After preliminary analysis, the active ingredients seem to be soluble in water and ethanol, insoluble in chloroform, and not destroyed by heat.
[nature and taste] yinpianxinshen: "bitter, flat. "
[function indications] for rheumatoid arthritis, abdominal pain, malaria, carbuncle.
① "Yinpianxinshen": "dispersing fengbi, dredging collaterals, treating Kashin Beck pain. "
② Nanjing folk herbal medicine: "the whole herb soaked in wine is used to treat the pain of muscles and bones and stomachache. "
③ "Treating malaria, rheumatism and arthralgia. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; or soak in wine.
[taboo] yinpianxinshen: "it should not be used for yin deficiency and internal heat. "
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis pain: Wuqian, wujiagen or two, and Wuqian, Sanguisorba officinalis. Drink half and half, fry the thick juice to take. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of malaria: find the bone wind root, about four inches long, cut thin, put in a bowl, add a little water, put rice steamed juice, three times with dregs. Take it every four hours. The last one was taken two hours before the onset of malaria. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of carbuncle: find bone wind one or two, plantain grass one or two, Xanthium grass two money. Decoction, one dose a day, twice. (Xuzhou, selection of new medical therapies based on single prescription)
[clinical application] ① treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
It can be used in various dosage forms. First class extract: 20 ml is equivalent to 5 yuan of the original medicine, 20-40 ml per day, 2-3 times after meals; second extract tablet: 0.3 g per tablet (equivalent to 3.75 g of crude medicine), 6-12 tablets per day, 2-3 times after meals; third injection: 20 mg of total alkaloids of Xungufeng per 2 ml. Intramuscular injection 2 ml each time, 1-2 times a day. For rheumatoid arthritis, 4 weeks is a course of treatment; for rheumatic fever and active rheumatoid arthritis, the drug should be continued for 1-2 weeks after the clinical symptoms and signs disappear and the laboratory examination returns to normal; for chronic rheumatoid arthritis, the drug should be stopped after the pain disappears or basically disappears. For rheumatoid arthritis, 3 months to half a year is a course of treatment. A total of 306 cases (236 cases of rheumatoid arthritis, 70 cases of rheumatoid arthritis) were observed, 20 cases were cured, 68 cases of symptoms and signs basically disappeared or significantly improved, 143 cases of symptoms alleviated and joint function improved, 75 cases of ineffective; the effective rate was 75.5%. According to the observation of 141 cases of rheumatoid arthritis and 48 cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the effective rates of more than 2 weeks were 88.7% and 75% respectively. In practice, it was observed that the symptoms and signs of active rheumatism were improved within 1 week, ESR decreased within 1-2 weeks, and antistreptolysin "O" decreased within 2-3 weeks; the pain of rheumatoid arthritis was generally relieved within 1-2 weeks, joint swelling was improved within 1-3 months, and the range of motion of some tough joints was increased. In the course of treatment, it was found that some patients with active arthritis, especially rheumatoid arthritis, had the reaction of aggravating pain at the beginning of medication. Rheumatoid arthritis, especially those patients who had been treated with hormone, had a heavier reaction and lasted for a longer time (which may be related to the withdrawal of hormone). Some of the patients who had already developed ankylosis first got worse pain (some had joint fever and itching), then gradually relieved, and the range of motion also gradually increased. Therefore, it should be regarded as a sign of effective treatment if the pain of rheumatoid arthritis is aggravated within 2-3 weeks after taking medicine for rheumatoid arthritis within 1 week. Side effects: nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, lack of food, dizziness, fatigue, palpitation, dry throat, etc. in some cases, it is still advisable to insist on medication. However, it should not be used alone for a few patients with rapid development of lesions, excessive sweating and loss of vaginal fluid.
② Treating stomachache
Take 3 yuan of xungufenggen and fry it, or chew and swallow the crude medicine in your mouth. Take one dose daily until recovery. More than 400 cases of various stomachache were treated with satisfactory results. For example, one patient with duodenal ulcer had no pain after taking 6 doses. Not for months.
③ Treatment of hookworm dermatitis
Each time, use 0.5-1 liang of Xungufeng, add 300 ml of water and fry to 200 ml. Wash the affected area with gauze after cooling. Generally, it can be cured once for the first time, and it can also be cured once or twice for the more serious cases.
Chinese PinYin : Xun Gu Feng
Bone seeking wind
Black soybean flower. Hei Da Dou Hua
Golden back loquat. Jin Bei Pi Pa
Phytolacca americana. Mei Shang Lu
Rat plum skin. Shu Li Pi
Water hemp leaf. Shui Ma Ye
Tuchangshan. Tu Chang Shan
Cordyceps tenuiflora. Xi Sha Chong Cao
Oat grass. Yan Mai Cao
Sheepskin. Yang Pi
External kidney of sheep. Yang Wai Shen
Taro seven. Yu Er Qi
Stoloniferous herb. Zhuang Jin Cao