[source] it is the leaf of alpiniaceae.
[plant morphology] shanfan (compendium), also known as Zhenghua (collection in the valley), rutin, zhehua, Chungui, Qilixiang, Jinhua (compendium), shanguihua, sanyuegui, heihoupi, huangziyechai, xiaoyuanchai, tianluochai, Shilixiang.
Evergreen shrubs or small trees, 1.5-2.5m high. Bark grayish brown, smooth, undivided; branchlets glabrous. Single leaf alternate; leathery; broad lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, apex acuminate, caudate, base broadly cuneate, margin slightly serrate, smooth glabrous, surface veins concave, abaxial protuberance. Raceme axillary, hairy, 3-5 cm long; calyx smooth glabrous; petals white, 3 mm long. Fruit conic, smooth, glabrous, calyx teeth persistent. The flowering period is March. The fruiting period is August.
Growing in valley, stream side shrub or hillside forest. It is distributed in Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Fujian, Guangdong and other places.
The root and flower of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[nature and taste] Compendium: "sour, astringent, slightly sweet, non-toxic. "
[function indications] clearing away heat and astringency. Treatment of tuberculosis, hemoptysis, hematochezia, dysentery, acute tonsillitis, acute otitis media, rotten string eye.
① The compendium of Medical Sciences: "to cure dysentery for a long time, to quench thirst. "
② Jiangxi herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and dampness. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: wash with boiling water or mash juice, gargle and drip.
[prescription selection] ① for rectal bleeding and pulmonary tuberculosis hemoptysis: one to two leaves of alum, which can be added into the decoction, have the effect of astringency and hemostasis. (Hengshan folk herbal medicine)
② Cure rotten string eye: 30 pieces of alum leaves, 3 pieces of ginger, soak in water, steam hot, wash. (compendium)
③ Treatment of acute otitis media: fresh alum leaves mashed, cloth package, juice, ear drops. (Hengshan folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of acute tonsillitis, thrush: fresh alum leaf amount, mash juice gargle. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
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