[synonyms] Pu (Book of songs), Sui, Sui Pu (Ben Jing), Jiao, Jiao Shi (Wu Pu Ben Cao), Gan Pu (Tang Ben Cao), Pu Huang Cao (Jing Xiao Chan Bao), GUI candle (Lei Zheng huoren Shu), Shui candle (Guangdong Xinyu), Pu Cao, Sha Cao, ban Zhi (Wang Lianshi '（ Tianbao Materia Medica, jinzancao (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), Luzhu and luyouzhu (Mindong materia medica).
[source] Typha longibracteata, Typha angustifolia, Typha latifolia or the whole grass of other plants of the same genus.
[plant morphology] Typha longibracteata
Perennial herbs, 1.5-3 m high. Rhizome transverse, with fibrous roots. Stem erect. Leaves narrowly linear, 7-12 mm wide, sometimes 15-20 mm wide, leaf sheaths cylindric, semiamplexicaul. The flowers are small, unisexual, monoecious, assembled into cylindrical thick spikes; the female and male inflorescences are free, the male inflorescence is in the upper part, and the female inflorescence is in the lower part, about 3cm apart; the perianth of the female and male flowers degenerates into scales or trichomes; the male flowers have 3 stamens, the hairs are longer than the anthers, and the pollen grains are solitary; the female flowers have bracts, spoon shaped, as long as the stigma, and the bracts and styles are white, with white hairs Long. Ear length varies greatly, usually shorter than male inflorescence, about 15 cm long, 15-30 mm in diameter, ochre brown. The nuts are small and slotless. The flowering period is from August to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
Living pool, marsh, water edge. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia and other places.
② Typha angustifolia
Perennial herbs, 1.5-3 m high. Rhizome creeping, fibrous roots more. Leaves narrowly linear, 5-8 mm wide, 10 mm sparse. The flowers are small, unisexual, monoecious, spike, long cylindrical, brown; the male and female inflorescences are free, the male inflorescence is in the upper part, 20-30 cm long, the female inflorescence is in the lower part, 9-28 cm long, with leaflike bracts, falling early; the male flower has 2-3 stamens, the basal hair is longer than the anther, the top is single or 2-5 forked, the pollen grain is single; the female flower has bracteoles, spoon shaped, shorter than the stigma, hairy Caducous, ca. as long as bracteoles, stigma linear or linear oblong. The diameter of the ear is 10-15 mm, the nut is small, no groove, no cracking, and the exocarp is not separated. The flowering period is from June to July. The fruit period is from July to August.
Shallow water. It is distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, etc.
③ Typha latifolia
Perennial herbs, 1-2.5 m high. The rhizome is stout and transverse. Leaf broad linear, about 1 m long, 10-15 mm wide, apex long pointed, base sheath shaped, amplexicaul. The flowers are unisexual, monoecious, with cylindrical spikes; the male and female inflorescences are closely connected, the male inflorescence is 8-15 cm long or slightly short, and the diameter is 1.5-2 cm at maturity; the female inflorescence is about 10 cm long, 1.5 cm in diameter, with 2-3 leaflike bracts, falling early; the male inflorescence has 3-4 stamens, filamentous, basal white hair shorter than the anther, sometimes the top is bifurcated, the pollen is yellow, the pollen is yellow The female flower has no bract at the base and has a ovary stalk. The hair at the base is often shorter than that on the stigma. The ear is thick, about 2 cm in diameter, the nut is small and grooved, often cracking in water, and the exotesta is separated. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruiting period is September.
It grows on both sides of rivers, at the water edge of ponds and marshes, and in the shoals of desert areas. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia and other places.
The rhizome (pollen), pollen (pollen) and fruit ear (pollen stick) with part of tender stem of the above plants are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
In addition to the above varieties, the following plants of the same genus are also used as medicines:
① The male inflorescence is longer than the female inflorescence, the leaf width is 2-3 mm, and the leaf sheath reaches above the middle of the stem.
② The female inflorescence is not connected with the male inflorescence, the distance between the male inflorescence and the female inflorescence is 0.5-3 cm, the length of the female inflorescence is 3-3.5 cm, the leaf width is 2-3 mm, and the leaf sheath is near the base of the stem.
③ Typha Orientalis, male and female inflorescences closely connected; leaves narrowly long linear, 6-8 mm wide.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb of Typha latifolia contains a lot of vitamin B1, B2 and C. The calcium content is very low.
[function indications] it is used to treat dysuria and mastitis.
"Ben Cao Hui Yan": "moisten dryness and cool blood, remove spleen and stomach and subdue fire. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-3 yuan; grind powder or burn ash into pill or powder. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] 1. Adverse effects on urination: 7 points for Pu Hui and 3 points for talc. On two taste pestle for powder. Drink and take Fangcun dagger three times a day. (Pu Hui San in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
② There is no way up and down the governing grid, and there is obstruction in the diaphragm. If you want to rise or not, if you want to fall or not, if you can't rise or fall, if you can't eat, you can't defecate: one or two pieces of real cattail, six pieces of banxiaqu, five pieces of Chuanbeimu, four pieces of Suzi, three pieces of Fuling, two pieces of Atractylodes macrocephala, one piece of Zhishi and one piece of Chenxiang. They are very fine powder, refining honey pills, such as millet big. Every empty heart accept two money, bean curd slurry sent down. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
③ Treatment of postpartum jealousy milk and carbuncle: Puhuang grass, cooked and rammed, applied on swelling, three times a day easy, and ye Jianzhi drink is also good, food is also available. (Jingxiao ChanBao)
Chinese PinYin : Xiang Pu
Hang the golden lamp. Gua Jin Deng
Artemisia spinosa. Duo Ci Lv Rong Hao
Turning white leaf. Fan Bai Ye
Propolis. Feng Jiao
Driving wind and firewood. Gan Feng Chai
Dog milk. Gou Ru Zhi
Chestnut root. Li Shu Gen
Osmanthus fragrans. Ma Gui Hua
Rabbita trichophylla. Mao Ye Tu Er Feng
Cassia root. Qian Cao Gen
The snake retreats. She Tui
Yuanbaocao. Yuan Bao Cao