[source] it is the whole body or meat of various freshwater shrimps, such as Macrobrachium nipponense.
[animal form] prawn (compendium)
The body is short and thick, 4-8 cm long, with greenish and brown stripes. The anterior edge of the cephalothorax extends forward to form a triangular protruding sword forehead. The upper edge is straight with 11-14 teeth and the lower edge has 2-3 teeth. 1 pair of eyes with handles on both sides of the forehead. There are 5 pairs of appendages on the head. The first and second pairs are slender flagellate antennae, and the other 3 pairs become one pair of maxilla and two pairs of micrognathia, which are the components of the mouthparts. There are 8 pairs of appendages in the chest, the first 3 pairs of them are jaw feet, which are also part of the mouth organ. The other 5 pairs are walking feet. The first pair and the second pair of walking feet are forceps. The first pair is very small, and the second pair of males is especially strong, which exceeds the length of the body. The females are shorter, which is only 3 / 4 or 5 / 6 of the length of the body. The shape of the last three pairs of feet is the same, and the ends are claw like. The abdomen has 7 segments, which are obviously segmented. The abdominal carapace is soft and thin, and can bend freely. There are 6 pairs of abdominal appendages. The sixth pair is caudal limb, which is very wide and forms caudal fin with caudal segment. The caudal segment is shorter than the caudal limb, and the end is very narrow. The central part of the terminal edge is spiny, and the posterior edge has two small spines. There are two pairs of short active spines on the back of the caudal segment.
It lives in fresh water lakes and rivers, and often inhabits on the bank with many aquatic plants. Food is very miscellaneous, like to eat small animal carcasses or aquatic plants. It is distributed in the north and south of China.
[chemical composition] the prawn food contains 81 g of water, 16.4 g of protein, 1.3 g of fat, 0.1 g of carbohydrates, 1.2 g of ash, 99 mg of calcium, 205 mg of phosphorus, 1.3 mg of iron and 1.3 mg of vitamin A per 100 g_ 260 IU, thiamine 0.01 mg, riboflavin 0.07 mg, nicotinic acid 1.9 mg.
[pharmacological action] intravenous injection of prawn meat extract in dogs could increase the protein concentration in lymph, decrease the coagulability, increase the lymphatic flow of thoracic duct, and increase the ATP in plasma, but the increase of histamine was not significant.
Sweet and warm.
① "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "Ping. "
② "Gangmu": "sweet, warm, have small poison. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, salty, warm. "
[Guijing] into the liver, kidney.
① "Seeking truth from Materia Medica": entering the heart, liver and lung. "
② In the compendium of materia medica: "enter the Taiyin, Shaoyin and Jueyin meridians. "
Functions and indications: tonifying kidney, strengthening yang, dredging milk and supporting toxin. Treatment of impotence, milk, erysipelas, carbuncle, sore.
① "Meng Chizhi is suffering from swelling. "
② "Ben Cao Shi Yi": "the main five pheasant disease. "
③ "Compendium": "for soup, treatment of soft shelled turtle, acne, under the milk, the rule of aphrodisiac, boiling juice spitting wind phlegm, plaster application worm gangrene. "
④ Food Taboo: "cure warts and remove ringworm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction or cooking. External use: tamping or baking, grinding and scattering.
[taboo] food therapy materia medica: "wind moving, scabies. "
[formula selection] ① invigorating kidney and invigorating Yang: 1 jin shrimps, 2 geckos, 4 liang fennel and 4 liang Sichuan peppers, stir fried with green salted wine, 1 or 2 coarse Muxiang powder, mix well, heat up, seal in a new bottle, take 1 spoonful of each, and chew with hollow salt wine. (compendium)
② Xuantu wind phlegm: shell shrimp half a Jin, into the onion, ginger, sauce boiling juice, first eat shrimp after eating juice, tight belly, with plume probe to take spit. (compendium)
③ Treatment of no milk and milk disease: a kilo of fresh shrimps, take the net meat mashed, yellow rice wine hot service, less milk to, and then pig's feet soup drink, several times a day, the milk such as spring. (dried shrimps wine in the compendium)
④ Cure carbuncle swollen poison: shrimp, baked on new tile, grind ground mix affected area. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑤ Treatment of blood wind ulcer: raw shrimp, Huangdan, pound and paste it, change it every day. (Linhu jijianfang)
Chinese PinYin : Xia
Sorghum root soaking. Gao Liang Pao Gen
Four tiles on the opposite leaf. Dui Ye Si Kuai Wa
Tiger kidney. Hu Shen
Gourd seed. Hu Zi Zi
Indigo. Lan Dian
Mouse ear. Lao Shu Er
Ma Sangen. Ma Sang Gen
Acid rattan. Suan Teng Mu
Elsholtzia splendens. Tu Xiang Ru
Camel milk. Tuo Ru
Disinfectant. Xiao Du Yao
Hemerocallis rigida. Ying Zhi Hei Suo Mei