(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] Tusanqi, Yesheng (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), yebaoya (Luchuan materia medica), houmianpi, zhushengyao, Shangyao (Nanning medica records), dandieh, yerooting, basking (Guangxi medica records), guzideng, bridal lamp (Minnan folk herbal medicine), tiandenglong, gundaocao (Quanzhou classic), dahuanhuang, dahuanhun (Xiamen new therapy and Chinese herbal medicine) Selected herbal medicines.
[source] it is the whole grass or root of Crassulaceae.
[plant morphology] rooting in the ground
Succulent herbs perennial, up to 1 m tall. Stem erect, nodose, lower gray, slightly lignified, upper purplish red, densely covered with yellowish oval lenticels. Leaves opposite, simple or pinnate compound; compound leaves have 3-5 leaflets, elliptic leaflets, 5-16 cm long, 2.5-10 cm wide, blunt at both ends, margin with obtuse serrations, purple, lateral veins not visible; petiole purple, 2.5-5 cm long, base wide flat, half amplexicaul. Cymes are attached to the top of branches or axils of leaves, flowers are bisexual and drooping; bracts are 2, leaflike; calyx tube is tubular, papery, with purple stripes on the outside, apex 4-lobed, lobes are broad triangular; corolla is urn shaped, base is spherical, middle part shrinks, upper part is expanded, apex 4-lobed, lobes extend out of calyx tube, purple red; stamens are 8, 2-whorled, filament base and corolla tube are united, Anther purple; pistil 4, 1 scale outside each base, ovary green, smooth, glabrous, style unequal, stigma inconspicuous. 4 follicles. The seeds are numerous. The flowering period is from February to May. The fruit period is from March to June.
Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Yunnan and other places.
[collection] all year round.
[chemical constituents] the leaves contain malic acid, citric acid, isocitric acid, fumaric acid, vitamin C, quercetin-3-diacarabinoside, astragaloside, O - and β - caryol, sitosterol, etc.
[pharmacological action] the extracts of the leaves and stems of Indian plantations have a very significant excitatory effect on the ileum of guinea pigs in vitro, while the water extract (adding alcohol to remove the precipitate) has a slightly weak effect, but they have no obvious effect on the duodenum of rabbits and uterus of rats in vitro. The decoction has inhibitory effect on isolated rabbit heart, but the water extract has weak effect. In the hind limb perfusion test of rats, the water extract has no obvious effect. In anesthetized dogs, 0.1g crude drug / kg was injected intravenously, and the decoction and water extract had no significant effect on blood pressure; in mice, 1g crude drug / kg was injected intraperitoneally, and the animals (2 in each group) died within 24 hours.
Sour and cold.
① "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "cold in nature, sour in taste. "
② "Bitter, cold. "
③ "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "it is light in taste and cold in nature. "
④ Quanzhou materia medica: "it tastes sweet and light, and its nature is very cold. "
[Guijing] Quanzhou materia medica: "entering the lung and kidney meridians. "
Functions and indications: cooling blood, hemostasis, detumescence and detoxification. It is used to treat hematemesis, wound bleeding, stomachache, joint pain, sore throat, breast carbuncle, sore, ulcer and scald.
① "Cooling blood, stopping vomiting blood" in the textual research on the names and facts of plants. "
② "Lingnan medicine collection record": "applying sore poison can remove poison. "
③ "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "hemostasis, anti-inflammatory, muscle. It is used to treat bleeding, ulceration, scald and otitis media. "
④ "Drug records of Nanning city": "Ye: detumescence and pain relief. For external use, it can be used to treat traumatic injuries, knife wounds, heat sores, redness and swelling, and hot eyes (with ice tablets); for internal use, it can be used to treat lung heat cough (stewed pork). "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, fresh leaves 1-2 Liang, root 1-2 Qian. External use: tamping, grinding juice, drying powder, mixing or tamping juice gargling.
[taboo] Quanzhou materia medica: "it should not be used when the spleen and stomach are deficient and cold. "
[selection] ① treatment of traumatic bleeding: root in the ground, smash fresh leaves and apply on the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of sores, carbuncle, nameless swelling poison: rooting, fresh leaves one to two. Mash the juice, mix honey, drink and take, and apply the residue to the affected area.
③ Treatment of sore throat: five to ten pieces of fresh leaves rooted in the ground. Wring juice, gargling.
④ Treatment of mastitis: rooting, fresh leaves one to two. Mash and apply to the affected area. (2) Quanzhou materia medica
⑤ Ulcer treatment: leaf bud 1 jin (raw mash juice, dry, powder), plum slice 5 points. A total of powder, mixed with the affected part. (Lu Chuan Ben Cao)
⑥ Treatment of traumatic injury and hematemesis: rooting in the ground, seven fresh leaves. Mash ground juice, mix wine, also sugar, stew warm clothes.
⑦ Treatment of heat stomachache: five pieces of fresh leaves rooted in the ground. Mash the ground juice and mix it with salt.
⑧ Treatment of elbow pain: rooting, fresh grass one or two. Take it in water.
⑨ Treatment of acute otitis media: rooting, fresh leaves, mashing and ear drops. (6) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
Chinese PinYin : Luo Di Sheng Gen
Black skin and green wood. Hei Pi Qing Mu Xiang
Artemisia annua 2. Jiao Hao
Chicken white. Ji Zi Bai
Qi Gu Cao Shu Yang Quan. Qi Gu Cao Shu Yang Quan
Taipingmei. Tai Ping Mei
Five color plum root. Wu Se Mei Gen
Hemerocallis root. Xuan Cao Gen
Duck's beak. Ya Zui Huang
Cigarette glue. Yan Jiao
Rain leek. Yu Jiu
Zhejiang Tung bark. Zhe Tong Pi