(Jiayou materia medica)
[synonym] Lin and haicao (records of northeast medicinal plants).
[source] it is the whole grass of macrophyllaceae.
[plant morphology] macrophylla
Perennial submerged herbs. Rhizome recumbent, white and thick; stem branched at base, flat, light chestnut. Leaves green, linear, more than 50 cm long, 5 mm wide, soft; stipules membranous, long and narrow. Inflorescence spicate, born in the comb bract; flowers small, male and female flowers arranged in two rows, no perianth, naked; ovary oval oblong, apex chisel shaped style, stigma bifid, bristly. The flowering period is from April to May and the fruiting period is from May to June.
Born in the sea. It is distributed in Liaoning and Shandong coastal areas.
In modern times, kelp is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. The kelp described in Jiayou materia medica is kelp and leek. There are two kinds of plants in Dengzhou area, which are called "kelp grass" in Shandong Province. Their characters are also consistent with "pliable and long" in Jiayou materia medica. Nowadays, kelp is also used as medicine in Liaoning Province.
[collection] it can be harvested in spring, summer and autumn to remove impurities, washed with fresh water and dried in the shade.
[medicinal materials] the dried whole grass is slender, banded, full margin, often shrunk or curled, mostly broken, about 2-8 mm in diameter, as thin as paper, with brownish green to brown surface and white like salt frost. It is as crisp as paper and has fine wool like fibers on the folding surface. Weak in smell; salty in taste.
Produced in Liaoning, Shandong and other places.
[chemical composition] the content of water, ash, crude fiber, nitrogen, protein, fat and pentosan was 28.5%, 17%, 21.2%, 0.71%, 4.81%, 1.2% and 8.82%, respectively. It contains galacturonic acid, galactose, arabinose, xylose, o-methyl xylose and coriander. It also contains tannin and vitamin B2. The iodine content is not enough.
[pharmacological action] a component extracted from kelp (macrophylla) with ether has inhibitory effect on tubercle bacillus.
[processing] remove impurities, rinse with water, cut into wide silk and dry in the air.
[flavor] salty, cold.
① "Pinhuijingyao": "taste bitter and salty, nature cold, non-toxic. "
② "Suixiju diet spectrum": "salty, sweet, cool. "
Functions and indications: soften and firm phlegm, promote diuresis and heat release. Treatment of gall, tuberculosis, hernia, edema, beriberi.
① Jiayou materia medica: "it can be used as a kind of water medicine to cure women and wind. "
② The book of materia medica: "the water is faster than seaweed. "
③ "Gangmu": "treating water disease and gall is the same as seaweed. "
④ Yucatalpa medicine solution: "clearing away heat, softening and strengthening, resolving phlegm and promoting diuresis. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "tonifying the heart, promoting water, eliminating phlegm, softening and firmness. It can eliminate gall and tuberculosis, attack cold and heat hernia, treat beriberi edema and relieve choking diaphragm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of vegetations: kelp, seaweed, clam, kelp (baked with all four flavors) and kelp (fried with all four flavors). The above ingredients are divided into equal parts, 10 for pig's dimple and 10 for sheep's dimple. On the fine powder, honey pills, such as chicken head big, pro lying with water into one or two pills. (BI Ying Dan in Confucian Affairs)
② Three kinds of galls: seaweed, kelp, kunbu, one or two each, Qingyan, Guangmao, two and half each. On equal parts, for the fine end, Chen Mi drink for the ball stick, big, hold. It's better to make honey pills. (jade pot powder in miscellaneous categories of famous prescriptions)
According to Ben Cao Hui Yan, kelp is used to remove galls, move water, lower Qi and remove phlegm. It is the same as seaweed and kunbu. It has been used in women's prescription to induce birth, but it has a little different ear. "
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