[synonyms] Feng (the book of songs), Xu, suwu (Erya), Bi, Daijie (dialect), Manqing (Zheng Xuan's annotation in the book of rites), fengcong (Sun Yan's annotation in Erya), Jie (Shi Shu by Lu Ji), jiuyingsong (dietotherapy materia medica), jiuyingmanqing (notes on materia medica), Zhuge (jiahualu), Taicai (Yuya), jimaocai (materia medica Yanyi), Toucai and Goutou Mustard.
[source] roots and leaves of Brassica rapa.
[plant morphology] turnip
Herbs biennial, up to 90 cm tall. The tuberous root is fleshy, spherical, oblate or sometimes oblong. The fibrous roots are mostly on the taproot under the tuberous root. The stem is erect, with branches on the upper part. The basal leaves are green, pinnately lobed, long and narrow, 30-50 cm long, 1 / 3 of which are weak petioles with a few small lobes or sessile leaflets. The top lobes are the largest and blunt, with wavy or shallow edges. The other lobes are smaller and smaller. The whole leaves are harp like, with a few scattered white bristles on the top and dense on the bottom Basal leaves, basal amplexicaul or petiolate; upper leaves of stem usually oblong or lanceolate, undivided, sessile, basal amplexicaul. Raceme long, flowers small, bright yellow, ca. 7 mm long; sepals 4, 2-row, spreading; petals 4, cruciform, clawed; stamens 6, 4-strong; pistil 1, ovary superior, 1-locular, separated by a membranous septum into pseudo2-locular. Long horned fruit cylindrical, 3.5-6 cm long, slender beak. It blooms in spring.
It is cultivated all over the country.
The flower (turnip) and seed (turnip) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[flavor] bitter, bitter, sweet, flat.
① Bielu: "it tastes bitter, warm and nontoxic. "
② "Yinshan Zhengzheng" says: "it tastes sweet, flat and nontoxic. "
③ "Compendium of works": "bitter and sweet. "
[function indications] appetizer, lower Qi, diuresis and detoxification. Treatment of food accumulation, jaundice, thirst, heat toxin, wind swelling, sores, mastitis.
① Qianjin Shizhi: "it is mainly used to eliminate wind, heat, toxin and swelling. "
② "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "lower Qi, treat jaundice, benefit urination. Root: the main diabetes, heat and wind swelling treatment. "In winter, it can be used as Potamogeton crispus and boiled as soup. It can eliminate food, lower Qi and cure cough. "
③ "Yinshan Zhengzheng" says: "warming the middle of the body and replenishing qi can relieve the cold pain in the heart and abdomen. "
④ "Ben Cao Bei Yao": "tamping scrotum swelling like a bucket, taking Jiejiu poison at the end, tamping juice with Brassica root, and applying heat poison with chicken seed. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "it can benefit water and relieve heat. It has the same function as radish. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: boiled or mashed juice drink. External use: tamping.
[taboo] 1. Qianjin? Shizhi: "you can't eat too much, it makes you feel bloated. "
② Ben Cao Yan Yi: "excessive food stimulates Qi. "
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of apoplexy and acute pain: if the root of turnip is large, peel off the epithelium, mash it, mix it with bitter wine and mud, boil it three times, stir it in a hurry, remove it, apply it to the swelling, and wrap it in silk. (behind the elbow)
② Treatment of swelling has roots: to Manjing root, tieshengyi, etc., rammed on, pus is easy. Avoid greasy, cold, five spices, sticky, slippery, stale smell. (behind the elbow)
③ Treatment of carbuncle pain, cold and heat: the roots and leaves of mangjing, net choose to soil, do not wash, with salt tamped on the milk, heat that change, but three or five degrees. If there is no leaf in winter, you can use the root. Keep away from the wind. (hand collection of Ministry of war)
④ Treatment of male swelling, nuclear pain: Turnip root tamping. (Ji Yi Fang)
⑤ Treatment of pea sores: mangjing root, mash juice, pick sores broken, apply on. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Treatment of epistaxis in the nose: Zhuge vegetables, raw mashed juice drink. (ten good prescriptions)
⑦ To cure dog bites: take Manjing juice. (behind the elbow)
⑧ Treatment of pediatric alopecia: not water turnip leaves, burning for ash, and pig fat application. (Qian Jin Fang)
Chinese PinYin : Wu Jing
Raspberry root. Han Mei Gen
Pregnancy. Jia Shen
Sedum lineare. Fo Jia Cao
Dogbane root. Gou She Cao Gen
Carp fat. Li Yu Zhi
Water chestnut powder. Ling Fen
Water keel. Shui Long Gu
The earth is healthy for thousands of years. Tu Qian Nian Jian
Elsholtzia. Xiang Ru
Sunflower pith. Xiang Ri Kui Jing Sui
Silkworm eggs. Yuan Can Zi
Buddlefish flower. Zui Yu Cao Hua