Root bark of Sabina vulgaris
[synonym] rolled root Baipi (Cao Mu Bian Fang), rolled root (classified herbal medicine), Wujiu (Jieyuan Fang).
[source] it is the root bark or stem bark of Sapium sebiferum, a Euphorbiaceae plant.
[plant morphology] Sapium sebiferum (materia medica of Tang Dynasty), also known as yajiu (compendium), Muzi tree (a textual research on the name of plants), Qiong tree, waxy tree, Hongmo tree, xuexuemu tree, Sapium sebiferum, Hongshu.
Deciduous trees, up to 15 meters, with latex, bark gray and shallow longitudinal cracks. Single leaf alternate, papery; rhombic to broadly rhombic ovate, 3-8 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, apex long acuminate, base broadly cuneate to obtuse, entire, both sides green, glabrous, turning red in autumn; petiole 2.5-7 cm long, apex with 2 glands. Flowers unisexual, monoecious; racemes terminal, flowers small, green yellow, no petals and disk; male flowers 7-8 gathered in bract axils, bracts rhomboid ovate, about 1 mm wide, apex acuminate, base on both sides of a kidney shaped gland. Stamens 2, rarely 3; female flowers at base of inflorescence, ovary 3-locular, stigma 3-lobed. The capsule is ellipsoid, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, brown when heated, with 3-valved ventricles and 1 seed per valvle. Seeds subglobose, black, covered with ash. The flowering period is from June to July. The fruit period is from August to October.
Wild or cultivated. Distribution in East China and Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hunan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Henan, Gansu and other places.
The leaves (Sapium sebiferum L.) and seeds (Sapium sebiferum L.) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] it can be harvested all year round. Peel off the skin, remove the embolus and dry it in the sun.
[processing] wash, slice and dry.
Bitter, slightly warm and poisonous.
① Tang materia medica: "it tastes bitter, slightly warm and poisonous. "
② "Compendium": "bitter, mild, non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao Jing Shu: "hard, warm, poisonous. "
④ "Nanning medical records": "bitter and astringent, slightly warm. "
[Guijing] "Ben Cao Jing Shu": "start with, foot Yang Ming Jing. "
[function indications] diuretic, Xiaoji, insecticidal, detoxification. It is used to treat edema, distention, accumulation of Baihuang, obstruction of two stools, dampness sores, scabies and toxin.
① "Tang Materia Medica" said: "the main storm of water accumulation. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "cure head wind, relieve defecation. "
③ The supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "detoxify snake venom. "
④ "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": cure rotten feet, scabies, snake wounds, breast carbuncle, wine top, wine crazy feet; cure sitting board scabies, mash, use a little salt to sit, heat and change. "
⑤ "The preparation of Materia Medica" says: "diarrhea heat poison, treatment of swelling, solution arsenic poison. "
⑥ Yilin zuanyao: "kill fish and insect poison. "
⑦ "Root: detoxification of water mang poison" in the book of plant names and facts. "
⑧ "Classification of herbal medicine nature": "root: special treatment of food accumulation, Xiaoxu heat, Xiaxu Qi, detumescence. "
⑨ "Lingnan medicine collection record": "cure head wind, beriberi, horizontal rash, stool poison. "
⑩ According to Nanning medical records, "the root is a powerful medicine for diarrhea and can induce vomiting. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (fresh 1-2 Liang); or into pills, powder. External use: decocting, washing or dressing.
[should avoid] people with deficiency of body should not take it.
① "Compendium": it is not suitable for people with Qi deficiency. "
② According to the classic of Materia Medica, "the spleen deficiency can't make water, so that the water gas overflows. The method should be to tonify the spleen and soil. This medicine must not be used lightly. If you are vigorous, you should also apply one or two doses temporarily, and the disease will be gone immediately. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of watery Qi, astringent urination and body swelling: two taels of Sapium sebiferum skin, one or two taels of Akebia, one or two taels of areca. Add medicine and pound it into powder. Regardless of the time, take porridge to drink two money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
② Treatment of distention: one Cortex Phellodendri root, two layers (chopped) one to three Liang, a pinch of white rice, stir fry until yellowish, add Beiqi, sanqiantong decoction, or even rice paste with sugar. Once a day for three to six days. Two Sapium sebiferum root three Liang, mulberry root one or two. Use five bowls of water, fry until one bowl, take three times. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of jaundice: take the Sapium sebiferum bilayer peel and rice bran, add a little sugar, fry into powder, eat will diarrhea, diarrhea after tired, about a day can disappear. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
④ Treatment of Baihuang accumulation, edema: Sapium sebiferum root fresh two skin, three money each time, decoction. (Mindong materia medica)
⑤ Treatment of urinary obstruction: Sapium sebiferum skin Decoction drink. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Cure defecation impassable: Sapium sebiferum root is one inch long, split, take small half with water, take it, don't eat more, and can take water. (doumenfang)
⑦ On the second and third days of treatment, people would kill people: Sapium sebiferum southeast root white skin, dry for the end, hot water to take two money, first with mirabilite two liang, decoction, take vomit. (behind the elbow)
⑧ Treatment of salt chest, phlegm and asthma: remove the origin of Sapium sebiferum bark, mash juice, make cakes with flying noodles, and heat them. In the morning, eat three or four with your son. It's better to spit out salt saliva. If not, hot tea will urge it. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑨ Treatment of beriberi wet sores, very itchy insects: Sapium sebiferum root for the end of the application. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑩ Anti rubella block: Sapium sebiferum root appropriate amount, boiling water warm wash. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
Apply the Sapium sebiferum to the wound and mash it up for 5 times. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
(12) the treatment of cytoplasma: Sapium sebiferum root three Liang. Stew with wine. (Mindong materia medica)
Treatment of infantile fetal poison: root of Sapium sebiferum beside water, sun grind, add a little realgar powder, and mix with oil. (good recipe for experience)
(14) treatment of rat's mang arsenic poison: half of Sapium sebiferum root should be taken in water. (on the great success of medical prescriptions)
Treatment of new injuries and pain: fresh roots of Sapium sebiferum, one or two at a time, fried with water and mixed with black sugar. (Quanzhou materia medica)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute perforated appendicitis
Fresh Sapium sebiferum root with fresh snakeberry decocting. See the "snake berry" section.
② Treatment of infectious hepatitis
Take 4 liang of fresh Sapium sebiferum root bark, add 300 ml of water, fry to 150 ml, 3 times a day. Children should be given less. 7 cases were treated by clinical trial, the average treatment time was 14 days. The symptoms such as fever, fatigue, bad appetite, abdominal distension and right rib pain disappeared quickly; jaundice subsided fastest in 7 days and slowest in 14 days; bile pigment and urine bilinogen in urine decreased or disappeared after 3-5 days. There was no adverse reaction in the course of taking medicine.
③ Treatment of renal degenerative syndrome
Take 60 grams of the phloem from the trunk of Sapium sebiferum near the water, grind it with water, filter it, add water to half a bowl, fry it over low heat until it just boils, and take it once a day. Side effects such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea often occur after taking the medicine. After detumescence, if the prescription of tonifying kidney and spleen, supplementing qi and blood is given, the curative effect can be consolidated. This drug has no effect on chronic nephritis with extremely poor renal function or uremic manifestations.
[poisoning treatment] food poisoning caused by Sapium sebiferum
It is reported that the cutting board of Sapium sebiferum can cause acute poisoning after eating minced meat. The degree of poisoning was directly proportional to the fineness of minced meat, the residence time of meat on the chopping board and the eating time. Poisoning patients have short incubation period (mostly within 0.5-2.5 hours), acute onset, obvious gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, etc. a few have numbness of limbs and lips, pale complexion, palpitation, chest tightness, severe cough, etc. generally, they can recover after symptomatic treatment without causing death
Chinese PinYin : Wu Bai Mu Gen Pi
Root bark of Sabina vulgaris
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