(essential preparation of raw herbs)
[synonyms] shuigaicai, bengcao, shuiwengcai, Shuilong, Liugang, Tianbao, shuicaiyue, gouchangcao, guojiangteng, caicao, Guangzhou army's Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine, Water spinach (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine) and water floating vine (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Polypodiaceae.
Floating or creeping herbs, glabrous, often with columnar white saccate funnels on each node of its floating stem, with many filiform roots. Leaves alternate, obovate to oblong obovate, 1.5-5 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, apex rounded or obtuse, base gradually narrowed; petiole 0.3-1 cm long. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, long petiolate; calyx lobes 5, lanceolate, ca. 7 mm, outside sparsely villous; petals 5, white, base yellowish, obovate, ca. 12 mm; stamens 10; ovary inferior, 5-locular, stigma capitate, 5-lobed. Capsule linear cylindrical, 2-3 cm long, about 3 mm in diameter, glabrous or hairy; peduncle 2.5-3.5 cm long. Seeds numerous, rectangular, smooth. The flowering period is summer and autumn.
In paddy fields, pools or ditches. It is distributed in southwest, South and east of China.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn, wash and dry.
The stem is very long, 3-5mm thick, reddish brown, with vertical stripes, and the quality is flexible. There are many hairy fibrous roots under the nodes, which are black and white. The vesicles are flat, not obvious, or fall off. Leaves shrunken, obovate to oblong ovate. The flowers and fruits are mostly shed and rarely seen.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Fujian and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains flavonoid glycosides, phenols, amino acids and sugars.
[nature and taste] 1. In the essential preparation of raw herbal medicine, it is said that "the taste is light and the nature is cold. "
② Fujian folk herbal medicine: "sweet, cold, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, diuresis, detumescence and detoxification. It can cure dry heat, cough, alcohol jaundice, gonorrhea, measles, erysipelas, carbuncle, swelling and sores.
① "The preparation of raw herbal medicine nature" says: "manage wine disease, apply back carbuncle, treat snake wound, bump dog bite, benefit urination, pound juice drink. "
② Tianbao materia medica: "it can relieve dampness and heat, promote water channel, and treat muscle and bone pain. "
③ Fujian folk herbal medicine: diuretic and antipyretic. Manage alcohol jaundice and treat snake injury. "
④ "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "clearing away heat and toxin, promoting diuresis and detumescence. It is used to treat blister sores and blood pruritus. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it can cure various kinds of sores and gonorrhea. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.3-1 Liang; or mashed juice. External use: tamping or calcining.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat alcoholic jaundice, it is necessary to hold the snake fresh. Mash and grind the natural juice, and take the same amount of winter honey. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
② Treat drenching turbid: fresh pond snake one or two, rock sugar half two. Drink water to fry, take before meals, twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
③ It can be used to treat edema. Take it in water. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Treatment of snakebite and mad dog bite: fresh snake one to two grip. Wash and mash, wring the natural juice for oral use, and apply the residue to the wound. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of cold, fever, hot cough: snake pond five money to one or two, decoction. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
⑥ Treatment of carbuncle sores, falls: fresh over the pond snake mash application. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
⑦ Treatment of children with impetigo: over the pond snake fried water, another use of fresh grass mashed compress.
⑧ Treatment of breast carbuncle: over the pond snake mash application.
⑨ Treatment of wind fire toothache: over the pond snake two liang, decoction. (7) Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑩ Treatment of excess heat, thirst and constipation: mash two or four taels of snake juice in a fresh pond, and stew warm clothes with winter honey.
(11) high fever does not subside after measles treatment: fresh pond snake one to two, mash juice, water stew service.
(12) treatment of herpes zoster: mash fresh snake juice, mix glutinous rice flour, and apply it to the affected area. (the following formula is Fujian Chinese herbal medicine) < fontcolor = #000000 > < / font >
Chinese PinYin : Guo Tang She
Snake in the pond
Gu bamboo shoots. Gu Sun
Ground gall. Di Dan
Eupatorium odoratum. Ding Gui Cao
Bellows root. Feng Xiang Shu Gen
Banana leaf. Feng Wei Jiao Ye
Jujube bark. Huang Jue Pi
Huangteng. Huang Teng
Seven leeches. Ma Huang Qi
Cow dimple. Niu Ye
Duck eggs. Ya Luan
Dragon cutting grass. Zhan Long Cao
Begging for Mahua. Qi Ma Hua