[synonyms] Gou, suogou (Erzhi), tugua (Ben Jing), hailua (Sheng Hui Fang), Laoya (Ben Cao Tu Jing), yemelon, maheier (Dan Xi Zuan Yao), mapeier (Introduction to medicine), Magua, gonggongxu (compendium), dugua, Gedan melon (Fujian folk herbal medicine), hanggua (Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine manual), shandonggua, shuigua (Mindong Ben) The results showed that there were three kinds of herbal medicines in Jiangxi Province, namely, kugualian and xiaokudou.
[source] it is the fruit of Cucurbitaceae.
[plant morphology] Wang Gua
Perennial climbing herbs. The root is large and massive. The stem is slender with tendrils. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate, about 6-10 cm long and wide, shallowly 3-or 5-lobed, margin dentate, coarser and hairy, lower leaves sometimes deeply divided. Flowers axillary, unisexual, dioecious; male flowers few, gathered into a short raceme, 2-10 cm long; bracts small, lanceolate, 2-3 mm long; calyx long tubular, upper 5-lobed, calyx teeth lanceolate; corolla white, 5-lobed, lobes margin filiform; stamens 3, anthers linear, combined; female flowers solitary in leaf axils; calyx, corolla and male flowers similar; ovary inferior, 1-locular, style Linear, ovules numerous. The bottle gourd is spherical or even oblong, 5-10 cm long and reddish when ripe. Most of the seeds are dark brown, slightly flat, crisscross, about 10 mm long and 6-8 mm wide, with a raised ring in the center, flowering in summer. The fruit ripens in October.
It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hubei, Sichuan and Taiwan.
The root (root) and seed (seed) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
Bitter and cold
① "Daily use Materia Medica": "bitter taste, cool, non-toxic. "
② Introduction to medicine: "sour taste. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "bitter, cold. "
[Guijing] 1. Bencao Zaixin: "entering the heart and kidney meridians. "
② Summary of materia medica: "start with the Taiyin meridian. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, promoting body fluid, removing blood stasis and promoting milk circulation. Treatment of diabetes, jaundice, choking, nausea, amenorrhea, less milk stagnation, carbuncle, chronic pharyngitis.
① Daily use materia medica: "it can stop heat and thirst, reduce swelling and toxin, remove jaundice, pass milk and channel water. "
② Introduction to medicine: "treating choking diaphragm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: burn the nature of research powder into the pill, powder. External use: tamping.
[taboo] ① in pinhui Jingyao: "pregnancy is not acceptable. "
② "From the new materia medica:" a little empty, do not throw. "
[formula selection] 1. Drinking water for diabetes: peel hailmelon, chew 2, 3, 5, 7 degrees after each meal. (Sheng Hui Fang)
② Treatment of nausea and vomiting: Ma Hailer, burning on the lamp to save money, into the good jujube meat, Ping Wei San Mo two money, wine service. (Dan Xi Bian Yao)
③ Treatment of large intestine blood: Wanggua one or two (burning), Dihuang two, Coptis half. For the end, honey pill Wuzi big. Drink 30 pills with rice. (pointing to the South)
④ Children are yellow. Mash the juice with the root of Cucumis melo and take it three times each time. Take it three times and it will work.
⑤ Jaundice turns black. Mash the juice with the root of Cucumis melo, take it for an hour in the morning, and the yellow water will be discharged from the urine at noon. If not, take medicine again.
⑥ I can't pee. Mash the juice with the root of Cucumis melo, add a little water, and put the medicine into the urethra in bamboo tube.
⑦ No bowel movement. Blow into the anus from above.
⑧ No milk. With wangguagen for the end, each serving a money, wine sent down. Take it twice a day.
⑨ Menstruation is unfavorable (abdominal distension and pain, vaginal discharge or menstruation twice a month). With wangguagen, peony, guizhichong each three Liang, a total of research for the end, each serving a spoonful of wine to send. Three times a day. This square is called "tuguagen powder".
⑩ Nausea and vomiting. Use Wang Gua to burn, take one money to add jujube meat, Ping Wei San two money, wine sent down.
(11) pain in muscles and bones. Stir fry with King melon seeds and grind to the end. For each serving, the wine is delivered. Take it twice a day.
(12) blood under the large intestine. With Wanggua or two (burning), Dihuang or two, Huanglian half Liang, Huangyan for the end, add honey to make balls, such as Wuzi big. Take 30 pills with rice soup.
Chinese PinYin : Wang Gua
General manager of Viburnum giganteum. Da Ye She Zong Guan
Baikal Skullcap. Huang Qin
Asparagus sheath. Lu Zhu Tuo
Nettle. Qian Ma
Acanthopanax senticosus. Shu Wu Jia
Vawe. Wa Wei
Crow gall. Wu Ya Dan
Kenaf root. Xiao Chi Ma Gen
Wild cohosh. Ye Sheng Ma
Camphor root. Zhang Shu Gen
Bamboo rat seed oil. Zhu Shu Zi You
Oak bark. Zha Shu Pi