(Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine)
[alias] Equisetum (Diannan materia medica), Equisetum fragrans, Dryopteris, Panax japonicus, Pennisetum (Guangxi wild resource plants), sarcandra, Dimocarpus, legume, keyhole (Diannan materia medica), Pennisetum, Pennisetum, Chaetomium, and Pojie (Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals).
[source] it is the whole grass or root of the Equisetaceae plant Pennisetum.
[plant morphology] Pennisetum
Perennial herbs. Vegetative stem and sporangium stem are similar, single or clustered, branched or unbranched, slender, with nodes, mostly hollow, usually up to 1 m high, about 2-15 mm in diameter, with 6-30 ribs on the surface, smooth or with a row of dense spiny processes, and two rows of stomata in the groove. If there are 1 or 2-3 branchlets, and 4-5 branchlets, the branchlets may be re branched. The leaf sheath is usually tubular or funnel-shaped, close to each other, short or slightly elongated. The apex is dentate. The teeth are persistent or exfoliate, leaving a truncated, rounded or triangular base. The sporangium spike is about 2.5 cm long, with a short tip or a small protruding tip at the top. There are 6-9 sporangia, which are arranged in a row at the lower edge of the sporophyll. The spores are spherical in shape, with two filamentous elasticles. They are crisscross in shape and wound on the spores. When they meet with water, they pop open for reproduction.
It grows on the side of stream, ditch, sandy soil or clay. It is distributed in South China, Southwest China and the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River.
[collection] in autumn, the old and the big ones were selected to cut the aboveground parts, weed and dry in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried whole grass is a slender branched cylindrical stem, light green to yellowish green, about 60 cm long. The surface is rough, with longitudinal grooves and many nodes. The internodes are 5-8 cm long, and some are as long as 13 cm. It is easy to break when it is dry, tough and hollow when it is wet. The leaf sheath is short tubular and close to the stem. The base and blunt teeth are dark brown. It is better to be thick, green, long and thick.
Produced in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places. It is used locally as a carpenter. See the article "Carpenter".
[flavor] sweet, slightly bitter, cool.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "it's slightly cold in nature and slightly bitter in taste. "
② "Guangxi records of traditional Chinese medicine": "it tastes sweet and slightly bitter, has a cool nature and is non-toxic. "
[function indications] diuresis, heat clearing, eyesight. It is used to treat red eye pain, pterygium, acute icteric hepatitis and gonorrhea.
① "Dannan Materia Medica": "scattered liver family stagnation. (treatment of eye) violent also, pain, back Yimo, eliminate pterygium climbing eyes. It can also cure Wulin, pain of jade stem and white stool. (radical cure) woman red leucorrhea, broken blood accumulation, menstruation. Stop the blood under the large intestine. "
② Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "Shubiao, Lishi. Treat edema. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan.
[clinical application] in the treatment of acute icteric hepatitis
Adults use 1-2 liang of fresh grass or 1 liang of dry grass every day, boiling water as tea. According to the observation of 82 cases, most of them had increased urine volume, improved appetite and jaundice. It may be related to the effect of diuresis, jaundice and heat clearing.
Chinese PinYin : Tu Mu Zei
Cauliflower. Bai Hua Cai
orange. Cheng Zi
Scopoletin. Lang Dang
Wheat bran grass. Mai Fu Cao
Fritillaria ussuriensis. Ping Bei Mu
Sagittaria japonica. Shan Ci Gu Hua
Water lotus. Shui Fu Rong
Water sedge. Shui Sha Cao
Tubaibu. Tu Bai Bu
Allium macrostemon. Xie Bai
Fish grass. Yu Cao
mica. Yun Mu