(Journal of traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonyms] Jingua, dingzugua (Chinese vegetable cultivation), kangua, danggua (Chinese Medicine Journal), red pumpkin.
[source] it is the fruit of Cucurbitaceae peach pumpkin.
[plant morphology] peach pumpkin
Annual grass liana, about 3 m long. Stem stout, branched, longitudinally ribbed, hairy. Leaf blade broad ovate, papery, 5-lobed, or 3-lobed, 10-14 cm long, wider than long, apex obtuse, apex slightly convex, base broad cordate, margin irregularly serrate, both sides hairy, below dense, palmate main vein 5, directly to the leaf margin, lateral region of leaf, with 3 different tendrils on the opposite side; with hollow long stalk, 25 cm long. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, unisexual; corolla campanulate, yellow, apex 5-lobed, lobes ovate elliptic; pedicel 4-10 cm long. The fruit is peach like, 9-15cm in diameter, orange red after ripening, with more than ten longitudinal furrows. Seeds numerous, oblate ovate, ca. 1 cm long, white. It blooms in summer. The fruit period is autumn.
Cultivated species. Distributed in Hebei, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Sichuan and other places.
The same genus Beigua is also used as medicine.
[collection] the mature fruits are picked in autumn, dried and stored, usually fresh.
[chemical constituents] cucurbitacin and several sterols were found in the seeds of the original seed. It also contains zeatin and other dynamic components.
[pharmacological action] the ether and hydrochloric acid extracts from the seeds of the original seed have the effect of anthelmintic.
[flavor] sweet, slightly bitter, flat.
[function indications] Journal of traditional Chinese medicine: "treating bronchial asthma. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: steamed with honey and sugar, 0.2-1 Jin.
[clinical application] treatment of bronchial asthma
According to the trial results of more than 30 cases, most of them can control the attack, and the clinical symptoms disappear or improve significantly; some patients have no recurrence after 6 months to 2 years of follow-up. Preliminary observation showed that the effect was the best for the simple type of bronchial asthma, and there was a certain effect for the patients with concurrent disease, but it was not significant. Peach pumpkin effect is relatively slow, so in the acute attack, according to the needs of the disease should be appropriate with other Chinese and Western medicine therapy. Preparation and administration: use 6.5 Liang (10 Liang) to 1 jin of peach pumpkin every day, cut a small round mouth at 1 / 5 of the top (cut off part and keep it as a cover), then take 9 yuan of rock sugar and 1 liang of raw honey into the melon, cover it well, put it in a large bowl, steam it in a pot (about 1 hour), and then take it while hot. In addition to the hard shell, melon seed shell, the rest of the pulp must be eaten. The course of treatment was 7-10 days. Take it once a night before going to bed on the first 5 days. After 5 days, take it 2-3 times or half a dose according to the disappearance of asthma. Drink some boiled water after eating.
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